EDUCATION, TRAINING AND INFORMATION
[Forestry education, training and extension, Wildlife education and training, National Museum of Natural History, Fellowships and Awards, Environmental Education, Awareness and Training, Centres of Excellence, Environmental Information System]
Forestry Education, Training and Extension
Education and training helps to broaden the horizon of the management practitioners and facilitates the movement of services in consonance with scientific principles. Forestry and Environmental education is of paramount importance and should be comprehensive and practical, embracing all the facets of the numerous problems faced. Forestry education and training in India began in the early part of this century and the present system of forestry education and training is well tailored to produce skilled forest managers so as to manage, protect and conserve the forests in consonance with the National Forest Policy, 1988 and the National Forestry Action Programme, 1999.
The Indian Council of Forestry Research and Education, Dehradun, an autonomous organization of the Ministry organizes and manages research, education and extension in the field of forestry. Details of ICFRE’s activities relating to forestry research are given in Chapter Seven.
- The FRI Deemed University is actively engaged in running Post Graduate Diploma and Degree courses in following disciplines :
- Post Graduate Diploma in Plantation Technology
- Post Graduate Diploma in Pulp and Paper Technology.
- P.G. Diploma in Biodiversity Conservation
- M. Sc. Forestry (Economics and Management)
- M. Sc. Wood Science and Technology
- M. Sc. Environment and Management.
- In addition, the FRI undertakes Doctoral and Post Doctoral Research programmes in various disciplines of forestry at different institutions of ICFRE. The Council has been funding these research programmes by providing research fellowships to research scholars and monthly stipends to students.
- Number of programmes were organized to disseminate forestry technologies, some of them are :
- Third International Training on Sustainable Non-Timber Forest Products (NTFPs) Management for Rural Development from 9-12 December 2002 at FRI, Dehradun.
- Biodiversity Conservation from 9-13 December 2002 at FRI, Dehradun.
- Agro-forestry from 9-13 December 2002 at FRI, Dehradun.
- Eco-restoration of wastelands from 16-20 December 2002 at FRI, Dehradun.
- Training for farmers on “Vegetative propagation methods” on 12-12-2002 at Institute of Forest Genetics and Tree Breeding, Coimbatore.
- Training on “Timber Joinery” for the in-service officials of Naval Dockyard, Visakhapatnam from 9.12.2002 to 13.12.2002 at Institute of Wood Science and Technology, Bangalore.
- One week training to Army troops on “Sensitization on Arid Ecology Enrichment” from 9-13 December 2002 at Arid Forest Research Institute, Jodhpur.
- Annual report of 2001-2002 of ICFRE and Forestry Statistics 2001 containing all research activities of ICFRE and data pertaining to forestry and forest department were published and distributed. The Quarterly ICFRE Newsletterlady containing current issues of forestry was published and distributed to all concerned.
Indira Gandhi National Forest Academy (IGNFA) was constituted in the year 1987 by renaming the erstwhile Indian Forest College. The Academy is engaged in imparting induction training to IFS (Probationers) and in-service training of one week to three weeks duration to the in-service officers. Academy has also conducted Professional Skills Upgradation Training for the officers promoted to Indian Forest Service from State Forest Service. Brief objectives/activities of the Academy are as under :
- Conducting initial training of IFS probationers extended over a period of three years – During the year, 74 IFS (P) underwent training in different phases as detailed below.
- IFS (P) of 2000-2003 batch (25 in number) underwent On-the-Job training in different States and UTs. There are seven lady officers in the batch.
- IFS (P) of 2001-2004 batch (22 in number) underwent Professional Phase Training. There are 9 lady officers in the batch
- IFS (P) of 2002-2005 batch (27 in number) and two Foreign trainees from Bhuttan underwent Foundation Course at LBSNAA, Mussoorie. There are five lady officers and one Foreign lady Trainee in the batch.
Organizing Professional Skills Upgradation training programme for officers of SFS promoted into IFS:-
- During the year, two courses were organised in which 36 Officers promoted from SFS to IFS underwent training for 10 weeks.
Conducting compulsory course for inservice IFS officers at middle / senior level:-
- During the year, one compulsory course was conducted in which 16 IFS Officers attended the course on “Policy and Legal Issues”.
Conducting Advanced Forest Management Courses for Officers of 10, 17 & 21 years of seniority:-
- During the year, 10 courses on Advanced Forest Management were conducted at the Academy. The courses are detailed as below :
- Three Two-week training programmes were conducted for the officers of 1981 batch. The programme was attended by 66 Officers.
- Five Two-week training programmes were conducted for the officers of 1985 batch. The programme was attended by 115 Officers.
- Three Three-weeks training programme were conduced for the officers of 1992 batch. The programme was attended by 91 Officers.
- During the year, Senior Foresters Workshop was organised for officers of 1977 batch on 23rd April, 2002 and 24th April, 2002 in which 34 Officers participated. The issues deliberated upon were Forest Conservation Act, 1980 and Amendments required, Forestry Commission of India and Human Resources Development in the States, Perspective and Strategies etc.
- Convocation for 1999 batch IFS probationers was held on 26th April, 2002. Shri Amit Shukla, IFS (P), 1999 batch, Tripura Cadre was awarded the All Round Outstanding Performance Award.
- Shri Sanjay Singh Memorial Lecture was organised on 27th March, 2003 to commemorate the sad demise of Shri Sanjay Singh, IFS, 1991 batch.
- Shri P. Srinivas, IFS Memorial Lecture was organized on 11th November, 2002 to commemorate the death anniversary of Shri P. Srinivas, IFS.
- Dr. Barin Ganguly Lecture was organised on 12th November, 2002.
- In orer to incorporate the Gender Issues in Forestry and Participatory Forest Management in the Curriculum of IFS Probationers, the Ford Foundation provided necessary financial assistance to the Academy for organizing two Zonal level Workshops on the topic of “Gender Issues in Forestry and Participatory Forest Management”. Details are in Chapter-10.
The FSI imparts training to forestry personnel working at various levels in order to keep them abreast with the latest advancement in application of Remote Sensing, Forest inventory, data processing and GIS in forestry. During the year, ten courses were organized.
The extension Unit of FSI is engaged in printing and publication of State of Forest Report, Inventory Reports, Quarterly Newsletter, Training Calendar, Annual Reports and other informative material generated by FSI. Publicity and liaison works, organizing workshops/conferences and conducting visits of officers, trainees and dignitaries from different organizations from India and abroad also form a part of the extension activities of FSI.
For the fist time the forest cover of the entire country has been assessed by employing digital interpretation of satellite data at 1:50,000 scale. In addition, FSI has assessed tree cover below 1 ha and which cannot be discerned through satellite imageries by using appropriate stratification, sampling and field inventory methods. In the State of Forest Report (SFR) 2001, the eighth in the series, for the first time, a nearly complete picture of forest and tree cover in the country has been documented. In addition to the publication of SFR - 2001 two reports, viz :
- Rural Wood Consumption Study in Haryana, and
- Wood Consumption Study in Pune District of Maharashtra were also published.
The Directorate of Forest Education was delinked in 1991 from FRI and Colleges and now functions directly under the Ministry of Environment and Forests.
The Directorate is responsible for controlling, co-ordinating and managing all the regular training course of SFS and Forest Range Officers in the country. This Directorate also organises Diploma and Certificate Courses, Short term special refresher/Capacity Building Courses, Promotion - linked skill upgradation and Basic Training Skill (TOT) courses for in service officers.
There are three State Forest Service Colleges situated in Dehradun (Uttaranchal), Coimbatore (Tamil Nadu) and Burnihat (Assam) and one Rangers College namely Eastern Forest Rangers college, Kurseong (West Bengal) under the control of Government of India. Besides, there are five State run Rangers, College under the technical control of this Directorate with regard to allotment of seats, syllabus and course curriculum, etc. The five State run Forest Ranger Colleges are located at Forestry and Van Panchayat Training Insititute, Haldwani (Uttaranchal), Forest Rangers College, Balaghat (Madhya Pradesh), Orissa Forest Rangers College, Angul (Orissa), Gujarat Forest Rangers College, Rajpipla (Gujarat). The North East Forest Rangers College, Jalukbari (Assam) was closed down by the state Government of Assam in April 2002 and the Forest Rangers Trainees undergoing training there, were shifted to the State Forest Service College, Burnihat.
A course on “Forestry Related Issues” was allotted to the State Forest Service College, Dehradun for conduction.
State Forest Service College, Dehradun
State Forest Service College, Dehradun conducts a two years diploma to train State Forest Service officers of the rank of Assistance Conservator of Forests. The 2001-2002 State Forest Service Officers batch consisting of 12 State Forest Service Officer Trainees from the States of West Bengal, Nagaland, Haryana, Mizoram, Goa, Karnataka, Jammu and Kashmir passed out on 31-8-2002. The training of the 2002-2004 batch of State Forest Service Officers has commenced on 1st April, 2002 and the batch consists of 15 State Forest Service Officers Trainees from the States of Tripura, Tamil Nadu, Jammu and Kashmir and Meghalaya.
Besides regular Two-year Diploma Course for SFS Officers, the college has also conducted two weeks Refreshers and Theme based courses of in-service ACFs on computer applications in forestry (Basic and Advance), Biodiversity Conservation and Watershed Management, JFM and Sustainable Development, Project Formulation and EI, Policy, Legal Issues and International Conventions. 11 courses in all were conducted and 99 officers were trained.
The State Forest Service College, Dehradun conducted the course for NTPC Officers during 21st to 26th October 2002 in which 14 senior officers attended the course.
The college has started Two Years Certificate Course for Rangers (2000-2002) with effect from 15th January 2001. There are 26 Range Forest Officers Trainees from the States of Punjab, West Bengal, Assam, Meghalaya and Jammu and Kashmir undergoing training in the 2000-2002 batch. Training for 2002-2004 batch has also commenced from 15-11-2002.
State Forest Service College, Coimbatore
The college has started a Two-year Certificate Course for Range Officers (2000-2002) from 01-11-2000, in which 27 candidates are undergoing training from different States/UTs. Another Two Years Certificate Course for Range Officers (2001-2003) has also commenced with effect from 15-11-2001.
The college also conducted two-week Refreshers and Theme based courses for Assistant Conservator of Forests on: Computer Applications in Forestry (Advance), Biodiversity Conservation & TOT Courses. 5 courses were conducted & 37 officer from Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra and Tamil Nadu were trained.
At present, there are two batches of “Two-years Certificate Course for Range Forest Officers” undergoing training in the college. The 2000-2002 batch and 2001-2003 batch started training w.e.f. 15-11-2001 respectively. 28 candidates from different States/UTs are undergoing training in 2000-2002 batch and 11 candidates from different State/UTs are undergoing training in 2001-2003 batch. The 2000-2002 batch passed out on the 14-11-2002.
The Forestry Training Project supported by DFID was undertaken to assist the Government efforts to reform the systems and practices of training in India with a view to raise the quality of training imparted at various levels. The Project includes Capacity Building of State Forest Service College and Rangers Training College as Directorate of Forest Education component.
The idea for developing forestry education database at the Directorate has been conceived in order to make forestry personnel aware of history, present status and future avenues of forestry training and education. The database is expected to give an insight to forestry personnel regarding scope and opportunities of training and education in forestry and allied fields in India and abroad. It has also been decided to establish a “Forestry Information and Interpretation Centre” at the Directorate of Forest Education, Dehradun.
The Indian Plywood Industries Research and Training Institute conducts training courses for manpower of wood based panel and other wood composites industries.
IPITRI has state of art training centre in Mechanical Wood Industries Technology (MWIT) established in 1989.
The activities performed by the Institute during the year are as follows :
- Completion of the XIII PG Diploma Course in November, 2002
- XIVPG Diploma course in MWIT was started in November, 2001
- Eight short-term courses in MWIT were conducted.
- Training courses for Senior Indian Forest Service (IFS) Officers
The Indian Institute of Forest Management (IIFM) provides training in management and related subjects to officer from the IFS, State Forest Departments, Forest Development Corporation and Forest based industries with a view to inculcating professionalism in forestry management.
The Institute has two educational programmes viz., Post Graduate Diploma in Forestry Management (PGDFM) and Post Masters Course in Natural Resource Management (NRM)
The two year fully residential Post Graduate Diploma in Forestry Management (PGDFM) was started in July 1988 and has been recognised and equated as a corresponding Masters Degree of an Indian University by the Association of Indian Universities.
So far, 13 batches consisting of 353 students have passed out. The 14th and 15th batches are currently undergoing training consisting of 42 students (2 from SAARC countries) admitted in PGDFM 2002-2004 batch.
The Post Masters’ Course in Natural Resource Management is specially designed to improve the skills of resource mangers, practising professionals and others involved in resource use and management.
So far 8 batches consisting of 67 participants have undergone this course. The 9th batch (2002-2003) consisting of 18 participants will be completing the course in May, 2003.
IIFM also organizes training programmes, workshops, seminars and conferences. So far, IIFM has organized 30 training programmes in different aspects and eight workshops and conferences.
During the year the Institute has undertaken nine consultancy assignments.
Wildlife Institute of India (WII), Dehradun
The Wildlife Institute of India (WII) is an autonomous institute under the Ministry of Environment and Forests. The mandate of this Institute is to import training to government and non-government personnel, to carry out research and advise on matter of conservation and management of wildlife. Details of WII’s research activities are given in Chapter 7.
During the year, the following regular long term and short term training courses, workshops and seminars were organized by WII.
- The XXIII Postgraduate Diploma Course commenced on September 1, 2001 and concluded on May 31, 2002. A total of 18 officer trainees from different Indian States participated in the course.
- The XXIV Postgraduate Diploma Course commenced on September 2, 2002. A total of 20 officer trainees (India-14, Myanmar-1, Bhutan-1, Nepal-1, Sri Lanka-3) joined the course.
- XVIII Certificate Course in Wildlife Management commenced and a total of 23 trainees (India-18, China-1, Bhutan-2, Cambodia-1, Nepal-1) joined the course.
- VIII M.Sc (Wildlife Science) course of two years duration is also being continued.
- A national workshop on ‘Evolving Sustainable Livestock Grazing Policy Guidelines’, Dehradun was organized by the Institute in collaboration with the International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development (ICIMOD), Nepal under the WII-IUCN Himal Programme.
- A stakeholder workshop, Motichur FRH (April 20, 2002) was conducted
- Two conjugative training courses in candle and incense sticks (Agarbatti) making for community representatives of Karch Mohalla and Rasoolpur Village, (May 3-8, 2002) were organized.
- Vocational training programme on bio-resources for school children of Dehradun, was jointly organized by the Wildlife Institute of India, Dehradun and the Institute of Himalaya Bio-resources Technology.
- A consultative meeting-cum-workshop, (June 24, 2002) was organized at WII for 32 participants representing local communities.
- A training programme on ‘Biodiversity Management, Monitoring Ethno-biodiversity, Patenting and Impact of World Trade Agreement WTO’, (August 19-23, 2002) was organized by the institute for the staff of the Integrated Watershed Development Project.
- An Integrated course in Wildlife Law, Man-Animal Conflict, Interpretation and Conservation Education, the first of its kind was organized specifically for the north-eastern states including Sikkim and West Bengal.
- A Terminal Workshop of WII-USFWS collaborative project ‘Identify Potential Areas for Biodiversity Conservation in the Indian Himalaya’, Dehradun, (September 4-5, 2002) was organized
- One day workshop on the findings of the research project “The Relationships between Large Herbivores, Habitat and Humans in Rajaji-Corbett National Parks, Northern India” was conducted.
- Training workshops for enhancing technical capability of elephant managers in south India-training in chemical Immobilization techniques, Bandipur Tiger Reserve, Karnataka, (September 24-27, 2002) was organized in collaboration with Project Elephant and Karnataka Forest Department at Bandipur Tiger Reserve, Karnataka.
- A workshop under UNESCO-UNF sponsored project ‘Developing a biodiversity heritage programme for India’, Dehradun was held.
- A Regional Workshop on ‘Evolving Policies for Sustainable Livestock Grazing and Conservation Practices for Ladakh’ (November 11-15, 2002) was organized.
- Training for Senior Custom officers at NACEN, Faridabad (November 22-25, 2002) was organized for 1985 batch Customs-Officers at NACEN, Faridabad.
- Regional Training Workshops in Building Capacities for Elephant Management, Rajabhatkhawa, Buxa Tiger Reserve, West Bengal (November 25-December 5, 2002) was organized in collaboration with Project Elephant and West Bengal Forest Department.
- XII Endangered Species & Zoo Management Courses was held at Chennai, (Director’s Level) in Arignur Anna Zoological Park, Vandalur, Chennai.
- A Course on Legal Issues in Wildlife Management was conducted for enforcement personnel. The course covered policy and laws at State, National and International levels concerning wildlife/biodiversity conservation.
- Two Week Capsule Course in Wildlife Management for IFS Officers will be held at WII in February 2003. It is a part of the compulsory training course for IFS officers in wildlife management techniques.
- Training Workshop on Chemical immobilization techniques will be conducted for managing elephants in wild and captivity at Kaziranga National Park from March 3-6, 2003.
- 6th Special Courses in Wildlife Protection, Law & Forensic Science for Probationers of Indian Customs & Central Excise Service will provide inputs on ‘Wildlife Protection Act, Wildlife Trade & Protection and CITES” in March 2003 at WII.
- A special issue of “Sanctuary Asia” on WII was published in June 2002 in association with Sanctuary Asia highlighting the contribution by WII on the occasion of two decades of WII.
- Wildlife week was celebrated with a variety of program viz. wildlife quiz, painting competition, wildlife film festival etc.
Fig 71. Wildlife week celebrations by Wildlife Institute of India, Dehradun
The National Museum of Natural History (NMNH) is an organization of the Ministry whose main objective is to promote non-formal environmental education and conservation awareness among people through various in-house and outreach activities. It has various permanent exhibit galleries, a Bio-Science Computer Room, a Discovery Room and an Activity Room for promoting environmental awareness among different target groups.
The National Museum of Natural History organizes and conducts various in-house as well as outreach oriented programmes regularly throughout the year for the benefit of school children, college students, teachers and general public. Some of the programmes organized during the year are :-
- Essay writing competition in Braille for the visually challenged.
- Annual weeklong programmes for the physically challenged children.
- NMNH as a member institution of the HT-PACE (Hindustan Times – Partnership for Action in Education) jointly organized an Essay Competition for the Delhi School Children at Sanskriti School to mark the Conservation Day.
- A month-long Summer Programme for teenagers as well as other age group children on the themes:
- Exploring the Environment (Age Group 13-17 years)
- Animal/Plant Modelling (Age Group 8-12 years)
- Nature Painting (Age Group 8-12 years)
- Special programme to commemorate the 24th Foundation Day of NMNH and the World Environment Day.
- The International Ozone Day observed with Debate Competitions among schools.
- Prize winning teenagers and children from various schools were taken to the Sariska Tiger Reserve for a nature tour.
In the process of national preparedness for the World Summit on Sustainable Development (WSSD) which was held in Johannesburg, South Africa from 24th August to 4th September 2002, the Ministry took various initiatives. One among them was to sensitize the school children through various activities and competitions across the country. The NMNH was given the responsibility to organize various competitions in the form of Essay writing, Poetry writing, Poster making and Nature Photography.
To coincide with the Eighth Conference of Parties (COP 8) on Climate Change held from 23rd October to 1st November, 2002 in Vigyan Bhawan, New Delhi, NMNH organized various competitions and activities related to Climate Change to create awareness among school children. Painting/Poster design, Essay, Quiz, Debate and Slogan writing competitions were conducted in different schools of Delhi.
The following activities were also undertaken in various schools divided into eight different zones:
- Climate Run
- Climate March
- Human Chain
- Nukkad Nataks
- Signature Campaign
- Power Point presentations
NMNH continued its academic collaboration with the University of Delhi and assisted its Department of Environment Biology in field studies by the students.
NMNH and its Regional Museums participated in the Annual General Conference of the Museums Association of India held at Bhopal from 1st to 3rd March, 2002 on the theme “Professionalism in Museums – the Indian Introspection”
Nearly 60,000 visitors visited the museum. The Regional Museum also conducted the following programmes during the year :-
- Special programmes like World Wetland Day, World Earth Day, World Environment Day, Foundation Day and Summer Nature Study programmes.
- Collaborative programmes with NGOs like Mysore Amateur Naturalists, Karnataka, Veterinarian Association, Mysore on “Conservation of Bats”, “Effect of Pollutants on ruminants like cows”.
- A collaborative family programmes for Mysore Lions (East) chapter and live snake show and demonstration.
- Publication on 19 themes related to ecologically significant plants and animals have been printed in three languages – English, Hindi & Kannada.
The Regional Museum was made nodal agency for competitions related to the World Summit on Sustainable Development for children in the states of Karnataka and Kerala. Competitions as Essay and Poem writing, Poster making and Photography were conducted from March to August 2002. The RMNH also organized a four days nature camp at Mudumalai Wildlife Sanctuary during 2002 for the prize winning children from all southern states.^
The Regional Museum of Natural History (RMNH), Mysore conducted the following programmes during the year :-
- Fifth Anniversary celebrations and a painting competition. A new brochure for RMNH was also released on the occasion.
- Workshop on Low Cost Teaching Aids for teachers.
- Training programme for teachers for creating heritage awareness.
- An exhibition on “Freedom from Tobacco” for educating people to reduce the consumption of tobacco.
The RMNH, Bhopal was made a nodal agency for competition related to the World Summit on Sustainable Development for children in the state of Madhya Pradesh. Competitions as Essay competition, Poem writing, Poster making and Photography were conducted over a period from March to August 2002. The RMNH also organized a nature camp in one of the prominent National Park in the region for the prize winning children from all central states.
The Mobile Museum was renovated and refurnished. An exhibition on “Sustainable Villager Life” was mounted and will be launched soon to visit the rural networks.
The RMNH, Bhubaneswar, has completed its Ist Phase of building and its exhibit development work is in progress for its permanent galleries, and informal Discovery Centre area, a Bio-Science Computer facility and a temporary exhibition.
The Museum undertook the following activities during the year :-
- Two field observation trips to Chilka lake were undertaken for development of exhibits on Chilka and its conservation.
- Meeting of the Advisory Planning Committee for RMNH
The Museum was made a nodal agency for competitions related to the World Summit on Sustainable Development for children in the states of Jharkhand, Orissa & West Bengal. Competitions as Essay competitions, Poem writing, Poster making and Photography were conducted over a period from May to June, 2002. The RMNH also organized a three day camp at Bhitar Kanika National Park for the prize winning children from all eastern states.
Fig 72. A ‘Climate March’ organized by National Museum of National History (NMNH) at India Gate with Delhi school children during COP – 8
Fig 73. Painting competition being held for school children of the Bhubaneshwar region as part of World Summit on Sustainable Development School Competition organized by the Regional Museum of Natural History, Bhubaneshwar
The Ministry instituted the National Prize on Environment called, “Indira Gandhi Paryavaran Puraskar” to give recognition to those having been made or have the potential to make measurable and major impact in the protection of Environment. In the beginning the cash prize of Rupees One Lakh was awarded to deserving citizen/organization of India. Since the year 1991 the prize of Rupees One lakh each were awarded to Individual and Organisation category separately. From the year 2002 the prize money has been raised to Rupees Five Lakh in each category. Along with the cash prize each awardee is given a silver lotus trophy, a scroll and a citation. Any citizen of India or Organisations working in India for the cause of Environment is eligible for the award. The Environmental Prize Committee constituted under the Chairmanship of the Hon’ble Vice President of India selects the awardees. While selecting the awardee the term “Environment” is interpreted in the broadest sense possible and comprises the following areas of work:
- Control of Pollution
- Conservation of Natural Resources
- Rational utilization of depletable resources.
- Environmental Planning and Management
- Environmental Impact Assessment
- Outstanding fieldwork for enrichment of environment e.g. afforestation, land reclamation, water treatment, air purification etc.
- Environment Education
- Creating awareness of environmental issues.
Awardees - both organisations and individuals have since been finalised upto the year 1999. Nominations for the year 2000-2002 are being processed.
IPVM awards are presented annually to the following categories.
- Educational Institutions
- Voluntary Agencies
- Government Agencies
- Corporate Sector
- Government Servants (Individuals)
- Municipalities/Municipal Corporations/Cantonment Boards.
The awards are given on the basis of innovative efforts and outstanding work in afforestation, with special reference to wastelands development and involvement of the people. The following activities are kept in view while deciding the awards:
- establishing decentralized nurseries;
- tree planting on wastelands/farm lands;
- awareness-raising, motivation and extension work;
- involving the rural poor/tribals/cooperatives in afforestation and tree planting;
- setting up grass-roots level institutions like the Tree Groweres’ Cooperatives; and
- social fencing of community woodlots and pasture lands.
The Awards for the years 1999 and 2000 were conferred on 16th September 2002.
Dr. Prakash Tulsiram Yerme, Tulsiram Niwas, Shastri Nagar, P.O. Udgir, Distt. Latur, Maharashtra.
Subedar Baburao Laxman Pethkar, 74, Forest, Sharda School Gali, Solapur - 413 001, Maharashtra
Swami Ayyappan Poongavanam Punarudharana Eco-Development Committee (SAPP-EDC), Periyar Tiger Reserve, Thekkady P.O. Idukki District, Kerala
Madwa Krishi Vaniki Sehkari Samiti Ltd. P.O. Mau Atwara, Block Bazar Sukul, Distt. Sultanpur, Uttar Pradesh,
Jawahar Institute of Mountaineering and Winter Sports, Tringla, Batote - 182 143, Doda-District, Jammu & Kashmir
Dharampur Utthan Vahini (DHRUVA), BAIF’s Vrindavan Campus, At. Lachhakadi, P.O. Gangpur, Taluka Vansda, Distt. Navsari - 396 580, Gujarat,
^ , P.G. Hostel Road, Behind Neelmani Temple, Parlakhemundi, Distt. Gajapati - 761 200, Orissa
Government Servants (Individual)
Shri Shahaji Dnyanadeo Narnavar, Range Forest Officer, West Wada Range, Taluka: Wada, Distt. Thane, Maharashtra
Forest Division - Mahabubnagar, Divisional Forest Officer, Mahabubnagar, Andhra Pradesh - 509 001
District Unit, Rajiv Gandhi Watershed Mangement Mission, Jhabua, Madhya Pradesh
Indian Farm Forestry Development Cooperative Limited (IFFDC), Regd. Office: 53-54, Goberdhan, Nehru Place, New Delhi - 110 019
Shri Sachinandan Samanta, Village and Post. Paschim Chilka, P.S. Panskura, Dist. Midnapore, West Bengal - 721 647
Shri Kanwar Damodar Singh, Dropadi Nari Niketan, Shantikunj, P.O. Sandev, Didihat, Distt. Pithoragarh, Uttaranchal
Bhuan Vanasurakhya Samity, Bhuan, P.O. Chhaitana, Distt. Puri, Orissa
Gram Panchayat Badodiya Panchayat Samiti, Chaksu, Distt. Jaipur, Rajasthan
Gram Bharti Samiti, Amber Bhawan, Amber - 303 101, Jaipur, Rajasthan
Government Servants (Individuals)
Shri Chainroop Dayama, P.T. Teacher, Rajkiya Paliwal Ucch Prathmik Vidyalaya, Chappar, District Churu, Rajasthan
Noamundi Iron Mine, P.O. Noamundi - 833 217, Distt. West Singhbhum, Jharkhand
West Bokaro Division, Tata Steel, P.O. Ghatotand, Hazaribagh - 825 314, Jharkhand
The fellowship is in recognition of significantly important research and development contributions and is also intended to encourage talented individuals to devote themselves to R&D pursuits in the field of environmental sciences.
The Pitambar Pant National Environment Fellowship Award for 2001 has been conferred on Prof. K.P. Singh, of Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi. Prof. Singh works on “Soil organic matter management for sustainable agro-ecosystem by regulating decomposition and nutrient release of added leaves of litter of tree/shrub species”.
The Pitambar Pant National Environment Fellowship Award for 2002 has been conferred on Dr. Tapan Chakrabarti, NEERI, Nagpur. Dr. Tapan Chakrabarti will work on “Remediation of POPs contaminated soil/water using microbial and chemical systems”.
The fellowship is in recognition of significantly important research and development contributions and is also intended to encourage talented individuals to devote themselves to R & D pursuits in the field of bio-diversity.
The B.P. Pal National Environment Fellowship Award for 2002 has been conferred on Dr. M. L. Saini, CSS Haryana Agricultural University, Hissar. Dr. Saini will work on “Biodiversity, Conservation, Evaluation and characterization of industrial legumes and grasses adapted to aid ecosystems”.
In order to give recognition to eminent officers and field workers for exemplary work in the field of wildlife conservation and research, the Ministry has instituted, Dr. Salim Ali Wildlife Fellowship Award for research work on avian fauna and Dr. Kailash Sankhala National Wildlife Fellowship Award for research work on mammals.
Environmental Education, Awareness and Training
The Environment Education and Training Scheme of the Ministry is precisely meant for creating environmental awareness. Under this scheme, various programmes are conducted every year for creating environmental awareness both through non-formal activities as well as through formal education system. While the programmes like National Environment Awareness Campaign (NEAC) , National Green Corps (NGC) , use of Electronic Media etc. fall in the non-formal sector, the Ministry’s initiative of taking up a pilot project for strengthening environmental concepts in the school curriculum and the linked Global Learning and Observations to Benefit the Environment (GLOBE) programme use the formal education system for creating awareness. The recent initiatives of strengthening Environment Education in Business Schools and development of Environmental Appreciation courses also fall in this category.
Formal Environmental Education
The Ministry interacts actively with the University Grants Commission (UGC), National Council of Educational Research and Training (NCERT) and the Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD) for introducing and expanding environmental concepts, themes, issues etc. in the curricula of schools and colleges. The two Centre of Excellences, on Environmental Education, of the Ministry are also involved in the activities of the UGC, NCERT and MHRD related to formal environmental education.
Pilot Project on Environment Education in School System
This project was launched during 1999 with the World Bank support with the objectives of strengthening environment education in the formal School System. The project has been designed in two phases. In the first phase, a critical content analysis was undertaken in order to know the status of environment content in the textbooks currently being used in the schools.
On the basis of the findings of this study, the second phase of pilot implementation was designed, with the following basic principles:
- Environment Education should be covered through the process of infusion in existing subjects and need not be introduced as a separate subject.
- Introduction of environmental concepts should not constitute any perceptible additionality in working hours.
- Practical hands-on activities, field experiences, work experiences etc. are important components of environmental learning. These need to be planned and operationalised with inputs from NGOs and learning centres like museums, zoos etc. and must be organized mainly during vacations. There must be provisions for awarding students for active participation in work experience.
Eight States namely, Andhra Pradesh, Assam, Goa, Jammu and Kashmir, Maharashtra, Orissa, Punjab and Uttaranchal were selected for the pilot implementation of this project. These States were selected on the basis of their geographical spread, status of infusion of environment content in the existing textbooks and the willingness of the State to participate in this exercise. Eight hundred schools in these states (100 schools in each state) were selected for this initiative. For the pilot implementation, textbooks of science, social sciences and language at middle school level (standards VI to VIII) were targeted. The concerned textbooks in these States have been modified to strengthen the infusion of environmental concepts and have been introduced in the selected project schools in six states. The remaining two states are in the process of introducing these modified textbooks. The project also involved orientation for all the major stakeholders. This was done through workshops for the Educational Administrators, concerned officials of the State Council of Educational Research and Training (SCERT) Textbook Bureaus and state education departments besides the school principals and parents of the school students. At the same time, workshops were also conducted for the textbook writers and illustrators, where experts from the field of Environment Education provided inputs and oriented the writers in revising the existing textbooks.
Since teachers provide vital link in the delivery of environmental knowledge contained in the textbooks to the students, their orientation and training in teaching techniques is crucial to the success of this exercise. Teacher training is an important component of this project. The training is being conducted in two stages. While 40 to 50 selected people from District Institutes of Educational Training (DIETs), State Institutes of Education etc. were trained in the first stage as Master Trainers, about 500 to 600 school teachers were trained in each State during the second stage by the Master Trainers for effective delivery of the concepts infused in the textbooks. Teachers manuals/handbooks etc. have also been developed to help the teachers in classroom teaching. Stress has also been laid on field activities. The modified textbooks in the eight states have been provided to the children free of cost in the schools where this project is being implemented. The revised books, which have been introduced in the concerned schools are being taught during the current academic year. Refresher Training Programmes for the teachers are being organized to sort out the problems encountered by teachers. Annual events will be conducted at the end of the academic session to evaluate the impact of the revised textbooks on the students in terms of their environmental knowledge.
Global Learning and Observations to Benefit the Environment (GLOBE)
To boost field activities based approach of teaching environmental education, it was decided to include this programme as hands-on environmental learning programme under the “Environment Education in School System” (EESS) Project during June, 2002. The structure of GLOBE progamme fits very well in the new curriculum as developed in EESS. Therefore, it provided an opportunity to the students for learning by doing as majority of the measurements covered under GLOBE are based on the concepts included in the revised school textbooks. 800 schools spread over eight States covered under the EESS project are also being covered under GLOBE programme. It is proposed to train at least one teacher from each of these 800 schools in the GLOBE protocols. A stakeholders’ orientation workshop was organized in August 2002 for the Education Secretaries and the Nodal officers of these eight States and a few selected GLOBE Teachers. The plan of action for implementing this programme was discussed and finalized during this workshop. Out of the 16 (two in each State) training workshops proposed to be conducted in eight States for training 800 teachers (50 teachers in each workshop) in GLOBE protocols, 14 workshops have already been conducted. Teacher Training Kits including written material, video cassettes etc. were supplied to each participant during these workshops. It is also proposed to provide each school with an instrument kit for taking the measurements besides financial assistance for Internet connectivity. More than 100 schools, where the teachers were trained last year, are already taking measurements as specified under the GLOBE protocols. The 800 additional schools where this programme has been launched under EESS component are also expected to start taking measurements within next few months.
Fig 74. Children using clinometer to study vegetation profile as part of the GLOBE programme
The Ministry has also taken initiative to introduce environmental management in business schools. An expert group has been set up to work out a strategy for strengthening Environmental Education in Management / Business schools. As a first step in this direction, the Ministry has sponsored organisation of five workshops at various Management Institutions to sensitize the faculty of the Management Institutions towards environmental issues. These workshops were conducted at IMT Gaziabad, Indian Institute of Management, Ahmedabad, Indian Institute of Management, Bangalore, Indian Institute of Technology, Powai and Jadavpur University, Calcutta. Financial assistance has also been provided to Indian Institute of Management, Bangalore for organising a Curriculum Development Workshop and for building a resource base for teaching material for the new curriculum. Steps have been taken to include this proposal of strengthening environment education in Indian Management Schools under the World Bank funded Environmental Management Capacity Building Project.
The Ministry has also sponsored development of modules for environmental appreciation courses by IGNOU. This course of 50-60 hours duration would be offered through distance education mode and is meant for general people interested in learning about environmental issues.
Non-formal Environment Education and Awareness
The Ministry, accords high priority to the promotion of non-formal environment education and creation of awareness among all sections of the society through diverse activities using traditional and modern media of communication. Some of the major activities undertaken in this regard during the year are as follows:
The National Environment Awareness Campaign (NEAC) started in 1986 for creating environmental awareness at all levels of the society, was continued during the year with the main theme as “Water-Elixir of Life”. A workshop was organised last year to streamline the activities of NEAC and on its recommendations, an action oriented component was introduced during 2001-2002 into NEAC. The inclusion of action component was stressed during this year also. The following themes were considered for financial grants for action component:
- Waste paper recycling
- Water testing in neighbouring area
- Demonstration of roof water harvesting
- Cleaning of water bodies
Twenty eight organisations located in different parts of the country, designated as Regional Resource Agencies (RRAs) by the Ministry. A large number of them were physically monitored for the activities conducted by various participating organisations under NEAC in their areas of jurisdiction and performance evaluated.
Nearly 14,322 proposals were received from NGO’s, schools, colleges, universities, research institutions, women and youth organisations etc. from all over the country. Out of these, about 8,061 organisations were provided financial assistance for organizing awareness creating activities such as padyataras , rallies , public meetings, exhibitions, folk dances , street theatres, essay / debate, painting/poster competitions for school children, seminars, workshops , training courses, etc. and for preparation and distribution of environmental education resource materials and for following these with action oriented activities. Diverse target groups ranging from students/youths/teachers to tribal, rural population, professionals, etc. were covered under the campaign.
National Green Corps (Eco-clubs)
To impart environmental education and to encourage and mobilize participation of school children in various environmental conservation activities in their localities, the Ministry has been providing financial assistance for setting up of Eco-clubs in the schools. These clubs are established in schools and each club has 30-50 members taken from among the students of Class VI to X.
As per the Coimbatore Charter of January, 2001 the Ministry intensified the Eco clubs programme to increase coverage and activity with the intention of mobilizing youth for environmental action. The student members of the Eco-clubs constitute the National Green Corps (NGC). The programme aims to establish Eco clubs in at least 100 schools in each District of the country thereby covering around 55,000 schools.
The above programme addresses various issues concerning protection and improvement of environment, e.g. solid waste management, pollution control, afforestation, maintenance of parks and open spaces, dissemination of information and creation of awareness.
The State and Union Territory Governments have been assigned the responsibility of identifying schools, teachers and Nodal Agencies. The Nodal Agencies are responsible for implementing, supervising and monitoring the programme.
The response of State Governments to the programme has been very over whelming. All the States and Union Territories are implementing the programme. By the end of this academic year, it is expected that more than 50,000 Eco-clubs would be funded in the country. During 2002-03 by Januaryb, 2003, Rs. 4.40 crores were spent on the programme.
The Central Government is providing financial assistance to the State Nodal Agencies for organizing training for Master Trainers and in-charge teachers and for printing and distribution of locally relevant resource material. Besides, an annual financial assistance of Rs. 1000/- per Eco club is also given by the Ministry. A set of resource material in the form of books, posters, booklets etc. is also provided to each Eco-club by the Ministry. Prominent Non-governmental Organisations working in the area of environment education are associated as the Resource Agencies to assist the State Nodal Agencies in implementing the programme. It has also been decided to extend the programme to colleges.