Higher Education in the Islamic World icon

Higher Education in the Islamic World






2 Day Vice Chancellors Forum on

Higher Education in the Islamic World:

Challenges and Opportunities

June 11-12, 2012 Islamabad – Pakistan


List of Abstracts


Table of Contents



S. No.

Item

Page



Role of Universities in Responding to the Future Crisis of Values

2



On Some Strategic Solutions to Basic Problems of Higher Education

3



Universities Through the Looking Glass

4



Science, Technology and Innovation

5



Muslim Education in Crisis

Search for an Alternative Paradigm- the Ummatic Paradigm

6



The Universities Of Tomorrow: Challenges and Opportunities

7



Quality Assurance and Accreditation of Academic Programmes

8



Use of Innovation in the Areas of Scientific Research in the Humanities for the Unity of Muslim Ummah

9



ICTs and their Impact on Modern Teaching Methods & Learning Styles

11



Governance in Higher Education: New Freedoms, New Responsibilities'

12



Resource and Quality Gaps among Universities in the Muslim World: The Quest for Cooperation and Assistance

13



Azerbaijan Model of Higher Education – Thinking Globally

16



Quality Assurance In Universities

17



Importance of Spiritual Education in Universities and Higher Education Institutions

18



Quality and Excellence in Higher Education

(Al Imam Mohammad Ibn Saud Islamic University, a Model)

20



Governance in Institutions of Higher Education

23



Developing Nations Could Overcome their Economic Worries through Innovative Science & Technology

25




  1. ^ Role of universities in responding to the Future crisis of values


Prof. Dr. Anis Ahmad

Vice Chancellor, Riphah International University, Islamabad, Pakistan.


Abstract:


Building a knowledge economy is the buzzword in academia today. Education has become the most important tool to alleviate poverty and have a sustainable economic development. Education of science and technology is considered a pre-requisite for building a knowledge economy. The new generation technology shall require technically qualified and innovative knowledge workers. There is no future of cheap and unskilled labor, which at some time was a major source of income in some developing countries. University education therefore has to produce skilled, creative, and innovative researchers and entrepreneur. Universities with teaching and research programs but with no strong link with industry are bound to shrink. Institutions that take care of future market needs alone are expected to survive. Some of the basic questions raised in this respect are what role shall universities play in delivering the future citizen, researcher, scientist and entrepreneur to the world community. What changes shall have to be made in the curriculum, teaching methodology and the academic environment. In a globalized world, how will the universities, with their specific traditional geographic, cultural and ideological boundaries, respond to change? Will the shift of emphasis on excellence in technology make the world a safer place to live, these and several other issues call for detailed analysis and search for viable solutions. This paper focuses on only one question; shall our emphasis on technological excellence and strong link with industry make the world a safe, peaceful and dignified place to live?


  1. ^ On Some Strategic Solutions To Basic Problems Of Higher Education


Prof. Dr. Munir Ahmad

Rector, National College of Business Administration and Economics,Lahore, Pakistan


Abstract:


The main mission of a university is the pursuit of knowledge and to impart knowledge to the future generations on the basis of intellectual activities for achieving national and international recognition. Educational institutions of higher learning have three major and most important players viz. student, teachers and management. The absence of one player leaves university untenable. The three players are the major inputs of a university and the major output the quality researchers’ ready to explore new frontiers in various knowledge domains and the skilled youth fully equipped with all necessary tools ready to contribute to the national economy and lift its face.


In this presentation, various problem areas and challenges identified and their strategic solutions proposed. An academic excellence model is also proposed to elevate the academic expertise.

  1. ^ Universities Through the Looking Glass


Mr. Mourad Ezzine

Education Sector Manager, Middle East and North Africa, The World Bank, Washington DC, USA.


Abstract:

In the wake of the Arab Spring, concurrent with economic and social changes taking place worldwide, youth unemployment rates in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) shot higher than in any other region in the world. Young people are demanding better opportunities to study and work, putting universities and other higher education institutions under huge pressure to close the gap between the skills demanded by labor markets and those that higher education graduates are acquiring.

As a result, we believe this is a good time to revisit the University Governance question. University Governance — how universities and higher education systems define and implement their goals, manage their institutions, and monitor their achievements — is becoming the focus area in tertiary education reform in an increasing number of countries in both the developed and developing world. The World Bank team based at the Center for Mediterranean Integration developed a University Governance Screening Card to benchmark the extent to which universities follow good governance practices aligned with their institutional goals. "Universities Through the Looking Glass" is a new publication that shares the results of implementing the Screening Card in 41 universities from 4 countries - Egypt, Morocco, Palestine, and Tunisia. This report reveal trends across the first four countries and the potential for both regional and institution-level reforms, as well as plans to expand the tool to new countries in other regions to share experiences on a complex issue and maximize the learning opportunity.

  1. ^ Science, Technology And Innovation



Prof. Dr. Imtiaz Hossain

Vice Chancellor, Islamic University of Technology, Bangladesh


Abstract:

The talk focuses on the importance and significance of science, technology and innovation in the progress, prosperity and advancement of any nation. The influence and power that the Muslims once enjoyed in their golden age can largely be attributed to the patronization and promotion of the culture of the science in the everyday life. After the golden age, few centuries have passed by without any noteworthy contribution of the Muslim states to the science and technology leading to the progressive decline in their power and prestige in the comity of nations. The Muslims could not take advantage of the industrial revolution and thereby raise their quality of life. The Ummah cannot afford to miss the opportunity to contribute to the communication & information technology i.e. currently sweeping through the world.



  1. ^ Muslim education in crisis

Search for an alternative paradigm- the ummatic paradigm


Prof. Dr. Syed Khawaja Aqlama

Vice Chancellor, Bahauddin Zakariya University,Multan, Pakistan.


Abstract:

Anyone who does not doubt will not investigate, and anyone who does not investigate cannot see, and anyone who does not see will remain in blindness and error”. (Al- Ghazzali)


These golden words of Abu Hamid Al Ghazzali are a critical appreciation of the intellectual crisis that confronts the Muslim contemporary intellectual world. The primary objective of this paper will therefore be to investigate, deconstruct the problematic of ‘Muslim intellectual comma’. Can we come out of this intellectual state of stagnation? The answer is an emphatic YES, provided we develop the courage to reconstruct our intellectual environment and rekindle it with the spirit of investigation.

The paper will attempt to construct an alternative paradigm – the Ummatic paradigm. The core objective of the alternative is to take ‘knowledge as emancipation’ and break the tyranny imposed by instrumental reason of ‘modernity’. We believe that myth of universal positivist epistemology is, in guise a rationale to dominate ‘non west’. In order to create space for an intellectual discourse with its other ‘west’, we have to construct the alternative, a paradigm rich with intellectual rigor and capable of recognizing and embracing the world with all its complex diversities and particularities.

The proposed paradigm will be a precursor to Islamic enlightenment on this interconnected, shirking planet. The paradigm will involve in discourses dealing with regional politics, science and technology, culture, art and literature, philosophy and ethics, and histories. We seek to move forward despite enormous uncertainty and contradiction that has encircled the Muslim world.

  1. ^ The Universities Of Tomorrow: Challenges And Opportunities


Prof. Atta-ur-Rahman, FRS

Coordinator General, COMSTECH


Abstract

    The role of Universities is undergoing a dynamic challenge since they are now moving into an era where promotion of innovation and entrepreneurship has become one of the main challenges. This requires universities to set up Offices of Technology transfer, Science and Technology Parks and provide facilities to new start-up companies including provisions of legal and management services, advice on business plan development, financial services and laboratory technical assistance. This new role of universities to serve as engines for socio-economic development poses new opportunities as well as new challenges. Access to modern technologies including digital libraries, video conferencing facilities and collaborations / partnerships with industry are serving to establish new horizons for the universities of tomorrow. The rapid transformation of China, Korea and Brazil into robust economies through investments in science, technology and innovation illustrate how universities are playing this role successfully today.

    Pakistan has undergone a dramatic positive change in the higher education sector in the last decade. This is illustrated by an increase in university enrolment from 276,000 in the year 2002 to 803,000 in 2011, increase in universities/degree awarding institution from 71 in 2003 to 137 in 2011, increase in local and foreign scholarships from only 342 during previous 40 years by UGC to about 13,000 scholarships by HEC during 2003-2011, increase in international research publications from about 600 annually in the year 2,000 to 6,200 by the year 2011. This has been termed as a silent revolution by neutral international authorities. The Chairman of Pakistan's Senate Committee on Higher Education, Science & Technology declared it as "Pakistan's golden period in higher education”

    (http://epaper.dawn.com/artMailDisp.aspx?article=23_11_2008_123_003&typ=0).

The developing countries must traverse this path of change in order to develop a strong knowledge economy and thereby rid themselves from poverty, hunger and deprivation.


^ The author is former Federal Minister of Science & Technology and former Chairman Higher Education Commission



  1. Quality Assurance And Accreditation Of Academic Programmes


Prof. Dr. Ahmad Faris Bin Ismail

^ Deputy Rector, International Islamic University,Malaysia.


Abstract

In this era of globalization, institutions of higher learning are required to produce quality graduates accepted all over the world. In higher education, quality assurance involves the whole systems, resources and information devoted to maintaining and improving the quality and standards of teaching and learning, scholarship and research as well as students’ learning experience. Each university should have a systematic academic quality assurance framework with the primary objective of ensuring and enhancing standards of academic quality and providing assurance to internal and external stakeholders. Based on this framework, the quality assurance processes and procedures include academic self-assessment, internal reviewers and external examiners/assessors, accreditation by professional bodies, and the feedbacks from relevant stakeholders including the university alumni and students.


Regular academic review is conducted through assessment and reporting on the academic standards, the quality of learning opportunities in promoting student learning and achievement, and the institutional management of standards and quality that are related to its responsibility as a body that awards degrees of national and international standing. Among the areas covered in the academic self-assessment exercise are i. the vision, mission, goals and learning outcomes of the academic programmes, ii. design of the programme and management of delivery, iii. student assessment system, iv. students’ selection and support services, v. academic faculty, vi. educational resources, vii. programme monitoring and evaluation, viii. leadership and governance, and ix. continuous quality improvement of the academic programme.


Under the outcome-based education, the accreditation process normally requires institutions to examine their own goals, operations and achievements. There is a need to demonstrate that the programme educational objectives are well supported by the programme learning outcomes as well as the course learning outcomes. It then provides for expert evaluation by a visiting accreditation panel that will prepare appropriate recommendations to the accrediting body. Best practices and good principles in academic review and accreditation should be adopted by the institutions of higher learning.


  1. ^ Use Of Innovation In The Areas Of Scientific Research In The Humanities For The Unity Of Muslim Ummah



Prof.El Siddig Ahmed Elmustafa El Sheikh

Vice Chancellor, University of Khartoum,Sudan


Abstract:

Innovation plays a vital role in growth and development activities of any society. Innovation does not take place by chance but it requires a complete integrated system for this purpose. The increased interest in innovative activities of the applied research is quite larger than the Humanities.


The paper calls for the use of innovation in the areas of scientific research in the humanities for the unity of Muslim Ummah. The Universities can play a vital role for creating an environment, especially suitable for the Unity of the Muslim Ummah in particular and for the entire world in general through the use of such methodologies for this cause.


It is required just to prepare the people to worship Almighty Allah and to get hold on worldly affairs. When someone truly abides by the rules of Almighty Allah in letter and spirit, the planet gets an opportunity to be blessed by bounties for all and sundry.


The Paper Calls for consideration of the issue of the unity of the Ummah as a deliberate objective, despite the overlapping and complicated problems which make it imperative to deal with it from a strategic comprehensive approach, a clear methodology, an analysis of the scientific data, the intellectual and optimum use of coordination mechanisms and tools to address them. Universities in the Muslim world are bound to take the methodology of scientific research in the Islamic sciences, humanitarian and legal, social, educational, cultural and cosmic as an essential basis for the diligence, creativity and innovation for the unity of the Muslim Ummah.


The paper presents a model of stages of the innovative research process to unite the Ummah, viz: (a) Analytical Planning: includes the current status of the ^ Ummah, and the ability to respond the present challenges faced by the Ummah, phasing the process and research in the field of Islamicus; (b) Co-ordination of Resources: includes the collection and co-ordination of data with the intent to remove obstacles, and the provision of logical sequence; (c) Production Mechanisms: include the marketing of the products in final mode, thus ensures the safety, and variability in this response, and (d) the product (as Ummah is the real source of satisfaction for the entire world.


The paper invites the university teachers and researchers of the Muslim world to use their abilities as a supplement in innovative thinking for understanding the present situation facing the Muslim Ummah and the needs of individuals, groups and sects, rulers and ruled alike, and the whole process should be in response to the social and moral development and to anticipate possible difficulties in the process of meeting the challenges in unifying the Ummah and using innovative mechanisms through the use of scientific research.


  1. ^ ICTs and Their Impact On Modern Teaching Methods & Learning Styles


Prof. Khalid Yousef Hussein Alomari

President, Jerash University,Jordan


Abstract:

The purpose of this paper is to raise questions and evoke dialogues among policy-makers, business executives, academics and citizens about the challenges facing developing countries in the application of ICTs to their educational systems.


ICTs were defined and their importance and applications to education were identified in curriculum, content, evaluation, training, and particularly in the area of teaching and learning strategies.


Modern teaching methods were introduced along with modern learning styles that are partially or wholly supported by ICTs and varieties of internet multimedia programs such as: e-mail, games, simulations, problem solving, youtube, facebook, and devices such as: smartphones, labtops, internet, I-pad, and IPT. E-learning, Blended learning were described to show how our teaching methods should depart from ones focusing on teachers activities, to ones focusing on student activities, and how can they enable and enrich a learning environment conductive to creativity and innovation.


Finally, recommended strategies for devolving countries to integrate ICTs in their Educational Systems were proposed.


Keywords: ICT, education, teaching and learning methods, e-learning, blended learning, developing countries, multimedia.



  1. ^ Governance in Higher Education: New Freedoms, New Responsibilities'


Prof. Dr. M James C. Crabbe

Dean of the Faculty of Creative Arts, Technologies and Science,
University of Bedfordshire



The presentation will cover the following topics:
What is Governance and how it differs from the Executive Internal and external governance
Examples of governance from different situations; business, UN, countries, education etc., and examples where the governance and executive structures have got 'too close' Illustrations of some current issues in HE and FE governance (e.g. the Gillies report).I would mention our own collaborative work with a business, HE and FE partnership that resulted in the award of a c. £6 million UTC.
If needed, there could be an interactive session where people work in groups to work out and feed back what good practice higher education in the Islamic world can take from other areas into governance.



  1. ^ Resource and Quality Gaps among Universities in the Muslim World: The Quest for Cooperation and Assistance


Dr. Abdul .K. Mpaata

Vice Rector (Finance and Administration) Islamic University in Uganda Mbale, Republic of Uganda.


It is common knowledge in the Muslim world today that the resource and quality gap

among the Universities located in different parts of the world is increasing more than

ever before. While some have already succeeded in realizing the most critical factors of success such as attaining world class teaching, research and publication of scientific

knowledge, others are still stuck. They cannot advance rapidly with ease. This is due to a number of factors most important of which is the scarcity of resources, which in turn can easily compromise the quality. Quality in the product is impossible without quality in the process. Thus, the present market-based orientation and international character of higher education institutions around the globe cannot allow Muslim Education leaders sit back and look on. We must come out to address this issue. And the time is now.


The paper focuses on some of the existing resource gaps among the universities and

the challenges before us that urgently begs for effective cooperation and considerable

assistance from governments and sister universities.


Universities like the Islamic University in Uganda (IUIU), which started in 1988 with 80 students only, and with a present population of about 7000, have been struggling to develop and help the majority Muslim poor students acquire education. While it is

owned by the Organisation of the Islamic Cooperation (OIC), No particular government has focused its resources on annual basis to its development. Thus, while the present Management has worked very hard to create new facilities and cope with the ever 2 growing demand for higher education, the resources continue to hamper the implementation of her strategic plan, hence the need for help. This situation is true for other Muslim institutions with poor students elsewhere.


Similarly, strategies must be developed that can ensure that Universities come together and help each other to stand up and offer quality education to the many poor ones especially Africa. There is need to not only cooperate, but also assistance and

Consistence.


The aim of the cooperation between the Islamic World Universities should be;

1.. Benefiting optimally from the educational potentials of universities in the Islamic

World, and reducing the quality gaps among member universities;


2.. Benefiting from the expertise of highly qualified and renowned university

teachers, and enabling researchers and students to easily contact distinguished

University professors in member universities;


3.. Creating an appropriate system in which professors and students of the Islamic

world would communicate and exchange ideas in various specializations;


4.. Striving to institute and expand information technology among member

Universities within the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation (OIC)


5.. Introducing specialized courses and establish a benchmarking system for

evaluation purposes;


6.. Eliminating the obstacles of geographical distance between universities through

the use of internet-based information technology, such as video conferencing;


7.. Setting up an appropriate mechanism to expose to the world the scientific and

research potentials of these universities;


8.. Implementing research projects through close cooperation of member-state

universities;


9.. Connecting senior specialists and qualified academics to the poor Universities.


10.. Producing, exchanging and providing information;


11.. Enhancing cooperation among researchers in Islamic world universities.


12.. Committing a special sum of money annually by some OIC member countries to

the assistance of the still very needy universities like Islamic University in Uganda

(IUIU) etc.


Specifically therefore, the purpose of the above should be aimed at fulfilling the

following objectives:-


1) Providing education opportunities for everyone, everywhere, and every time,

with the most cost-effective facilities and the highest level of productivity.


2) Creating a proper ground for localizing science and technology in the Islamic

World.


3) Contributing to the production of science and developing it based on Islamic

values.


4) Providing the possibility for exchanging experiences and transferring science

among Muslim Nations.


5) Eliminating scientific and cultural disparity among Muslim Nations;


6) Establishing grounds for putting science and technology into practice based on

the needs of the Islamic World;


7) Consolidating the capacities of the Islamic Ummah through modern science and

technology.


8) Consolidating the unity of the Islamic world and shunning division.


By focusing on these objectives and implementation of the above strategies, the

resource and quality gaps are most likely to be closed gradually.


The paper concludes by warning that unless such strategies are implemented, the

knowledge gap, poverty, ignorance and disease will continue to touch the majority of

the Muslim poor. Because everything cannot be done at once, something need be done immediately to avoid a pending crisis.

  1. ^ Azerbaijan model of higher education – thinking globally


Prof.Dr. Rufat M. Kasumov


Professor, Doctor of Science

Azerbaijan State Economic University, Azerbaijan


The current state of higher education in Azerbaijan is considered widely in report. The problems and tasks standing before higher education were opened for discussion and consideration. The main idea is it is time to transform higher education for calls of globalized world and labor market. Show how this calls were answered the real situation and reforms in higher education.

Islamic world now stands before the more global problems in higher education and economic development. To realize these problems it is proposed the IUBN project, as the tool, which can solve in some cases the existing and future problems in higher education in Muslim countries. The some main points of project were shown in report.

  1. ^ Quality Assurance In Universities


Prof. Dr. Hasan KAPLAN,

Vice President of PamukkaleUniversity, Denizli/Turkey

ABTRACT


This study deals with the duties of universities as universal institutions. In particular, suggestions on the system, resources and relationships for quality assurance are given.

INTRODUCTION


Today`s most valuable treasure is knowledge. Knowledge is universal and is a common property of all of us. Knowledge is not confined by religion, nations and language. The societies which own knowledge and use it properly have reached the most developed status. Due to the enormous developments in information technology, reaching knowledge has become very easy.


Universities are universal entities where knowledge is produced and shared with the society. In this context, they are the most important tools of society`s development. The universities duties are: Education, Research and Contribution to the Society (Figure 1). Universities are ranked and chosen according to their success in carrying out these duties.


A university gains its universal status by producing knowledge at the international level, by effectively sharing and innovating itself as an education and research institution. The most important duty of universities is to raise individuals sensitive to the world`s truths; investigative, productive, professional, competent and with a researching spirit.




Figure 1 University’s Duties


Universities serve the society by teaching knowledge and technology and supporting the work in this area. They contribute to the development of knowledge and technology in the country where they are established and contribute to the training of human resources.

  1. ^ Importance of Spiritual Education in Universities and Higher Education Institutions



Dr. Muhammad Nadwi Bahaudheen

Vice Chancellor

Darul Huda Islamic University

Hidaya Nagar, Malappuram Dst., Kerala, India


Though geographical colonization has been a thing of the past, the Muslim world still face the intellectual colonization, especially in the field of education where the purpose of learning has become only to get a suitable job. It is true that classification of knowledge and provisions for certification in each and every minute branches of knowledge are important in training capable human resources for meeting professional needs arising day by day. However, the job-oriented education has almost completely polarized the education and morality. Education, as it is envisioned in most of the higher learning centers, does not promote an ideal, moral and exemplary person, but only a professional capable of doing his job using the instructions he got from the institution. It does not nurture the human being capable of using the information and instructions he earned for creative and productive activities and for the betterment of the humanity. It is said that knowledge is power, and the humanity is facing the problems arises out of this powerful knowledge, as almost all the illegal activities and crimes done against the humanity around the world has become the handiworks of the brilliantly educated people in their respect fields.


On this backdrop, my paper will look into the possible ways that can be utilized by the universities and other academic centers in the Muslim world to think of a practical return to the educational philosophies of the golden era of Islamic civilization where the moral aspects and moral thoughts were of higher priority in the entire fields of education despite having all kinds of specializations. The Islamic, Educational and Scientific and Cultural Organization can do a great and leading role in realizing an educational philosophy and preparing a morally-correct educational curriculum touching all the field that value the morality and information simultaneously. If the non-western or developing communities, particularly the Muslim world, free themselves from the intellectual colonization of the West and redefine its curricular objectives and educational perspectives considering their own moral values and ethics and effectively synthesizing it in every branches of knowledge, especially in the higher levels where a human being decides the mode of his future life and visions of his life, the idea of education and the products their educational system will see a great change for the better


  1. ^ Quality and Excellence in Higher Education

(Al Imam Mohammad Ibn Saud Islamic University, a Model)


Prof.Ahmed Yousef Al-Driweesh

Vice President of Religious Institutes Affairs

Imam Mohammad bin Saud, Islamic University, Saudi Arabia


In every country, higher education strives to prepare the manpower needed by the sectors of employment, production and other services in the community. Institutions of higher education serve in many ways, with education and scientific research being

on top of the list, in addition to other community related services. Given that an essential objective of universities and academic institutions is the provision

of a solid and reliable education, efforts must be made towards comprehensive quality assurance in education.

The importance of quality in education is incontestably shared by many countries of world.Progress in economic, industrial and social performance is often driven and impacted by the quality of the educational services a country provides. Never before

was there so much investment in the field of quality in education; never before did so many countries around the world express and seek quality in all aspects of education. Truly we live in the “Era of Total Quality”. Quality assurance and international accreditation in education can be viewed as an unprecedented step towards developing our teaching and educational systems and institutions, while preserving the national character. In general, quality assurance necessitates ongoing development and improvement of the educational process. One can define quality assurance as “the process by which the standards of academic institutions

are identified, achieved and assessed on par with local and international competitors. Such process also ensures that learning opportunities, scientific research and community service meet if not exceed the stakeholders’ expectations of the academic

institution.”


Academic accreditation often refers to a process designed to bestow distinction on an educational institution, granting it a nationally and internationally recognized identity, which reflects successful application of effective strategies, policies and measures to improve quality of its operations, activities and outputs that meet or exceed the expectations of the end users and achieve high levels of satisfaction.”


We know that Islamic law has preceded all man-made systems in emphasizing the mastery and quality of any work. In the Quran Allah says: "and persevere in doing

good: behold, God loves the doers of good”. Prophet Muhammad peace be upon him said: "Allah is pleased with those of you who perfect their deeds”, and perfection

is the highest level of quality.


One of the leading educational institutions in our country that took the reasons and means to achieving excellence and quality in the areas of Public Education (through the religious institutes) and Higher Education (through its colleges) is Al Imam Mohammad Ibn Saud Islamic University. The university has been keen on following and implementing a comprehensive strategy for quality, excellence and development to keep pace with global trends in higher education. To this end, a deanship of quality and assessment has been established to be a supportive tool and an effective measure to ensure the dissemination of common practices and promote a culture of quality and development through the application of internationally recognized quality standards to compete with local and global institutions. The deanship of quality and assessment

aims at improving the performance of faculty members in teaching, scientific research and community service, thus raising the quality of the outputs of the educational process, and achieving the goals of the university in obtaining institutional and academic accreditation.


Imam University has also established in each college a vice deanery for quality and development. It has also taken steps in signing a Memo of Understanding with QS World University Rankings to promote quality in education and scientific research, and develop strategies for assessment and evaluation.


The University has achieved a leading position in the ranks of world universities for its great efforts in this area which include:


1. Excellence in teaching Islamic Law and Arabic Language, where it is on the forefront of universities in this area.


2. Establishing a number of distinguished colleges in the past decade: e.g. College of Languages and Translation, College of Computer Science and Information, College of Sciences, College of Economy and Administrative Sciences, College of Medicine and College of Engineering.


3. The establishment of a number of institutes and specialized centers, including: Prince Nayef Institute for Research and Consulting Services, the Centre for Contemporary Islamic Studies and Dialogue of Civilizations and the Centre for

Applied Linguistics.


4. The establishment of a number of Deanships such as Deanship of Faculty Affairs, Deanship of Distance Learning and Deanship of Information Technology


5. Formation of several scientific societies in all disciplines.


6. Launching a number of scientific research chairs amounting to nearly forty.


7. Hosting conferences and seminars and actively participating in many local and international conferences as well as cooperating with a number of universities and scientific centers at home and abroad which in turn will enrich scientific research and the exchange of experiences and electronic Arab and foreign databases.


8. The University Center for Community Service and Continuing Education serves the community and aims to raise the educational and professional competence of individuals through offering courses and training sessions in all disciplines needed by

the community.


9. The University represented by the Institute of Research and Advisory Services maintained closer relations with public and private sectors alike through conducting research and studies funded by these sectors, and providing academic supervision

for a number of educational facilities.


10. The University has invested in the development of human resources through offering training programs and scholarships for staff and faculty members inside and outside the university.


11. The completion of King Abdullah City for Females in the University Campus.


12. Granting scholarships to foreign students from all over the world and working on fully qualifying them in all scientific disciplines.


13. Attracting a number of highly-qualified experts in various fields.


14. Excellence and distinction in the University’s academic output.


These achievements, besides others, have qualified Imam University for international accreditation and certificates of quality, and helped promote the ranking of the University among international institutions. I ask Allah to guard our country from all that is evil and make it a beacon of knowledge, goodness, peace and security.


  1. ^ Governance in Institutions of Higher Education


Maj General (R )Masood Hassan, HI(M)

Rector,National University of Moden Languages, Islamabad, Islamic Republic of Pakistan


ABSTRACT


Governance is a broad concept which is difficult to be captured in a single definition. At the same time there is a great acknowledgement in society about the need of governance at all levels; whether it is whole country’s governance, world governance, or institution’s governance.It is imparitive that Higher education institutions are governed in an efficient way because these are the backbone of any country’s progress.


The need of governance arises in general when two or more individuals, group, organization, or even countries come together and work together for accomplishment of common aim or objective.

Broadly speaking, three dimensions are recognized by research on governance. These are:

  1. Authority

  2. Decision making

  3. Accountability


Keeping in view the above mentioned attributes, university governance determines who possess decision making power, how different stakeholders get a share and voice in decision making, and how the responsible individuals can be held accountable for their actions. In order to facilitate the efficient coordination and working of a large group of decision makers and stakeholder, an entity is created such a the board of directors, to whom the decision makers delegate a considerable proportion of their powers. This makes the functioning of institutions such as a university more democratic, efficient, and effective. Hence, good governance would be “participatory, transparent, accountable, and equitable” as suggested by United Nations Development Program (UNDP).

Governance in Universities

Governance of higher education such as university institutions includes mainly the “administrators”, “faculty” and “trustees” such as board or directors or governors etc. Currently, in the contemporary world, consideration is given to include the increased participation of other stakeholders like students, their parents and community on the whole.

Pakistan Higher Education Commission (HEC) has rationalized the need for upgrading and updating the university governance by facilitating the institutions of higher education through its Modern University Governance program. Not only the need for faculty training has been realized, but university administration is also given special emphasis. The main pillars of a university, the faculty and administration, collectively play pivotal role in the effectiveness of universities. If the administration will be sound, trained, and responsive enough, other stakeholders like students, parents, and community on the whole can be taken on board which makes the whole process responsive, accommodating, non-discriminatory, participatory, transparent and democratic.

Governance at NUML

Being an institution of higher education, NUML is quite vigilant and aware of the changes and innovations in the filed of governance, not only at the national level but international level as well. Keeping in consideration the guidance about best practices of institutions of higher education provided by HEC and other international institutions of higher education, we strive for change and innovation through implementing the model of good governance at the university.

It includes the following main stakeholders:

  1. Administration,

  2. faculty,

  3. students, and their parents


In addition to this, all the policies are made with the mutual consultation and consent of the faculty and administration. The students are also involved in various curricular and co-curricular activities. They also evaluate their courses and teachers through feed-back pro-formas and changes are inculcated through this feedback. In addition to this, Quality Enhancement Cell (QEC) monitors and enhances the quality of education and research output in collaboration with HEC. NUML Research Journals promote the research culture among students and faculty.


  1. ^ Developing Nations Could Overcome their Economic Worries through Innovative Science & Technology


Professor Dr. Muhammad Mukhtar

Vice Chancellor

The Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Islamic Republic of Pakistan


ABSTRACT

Economy is one of the major factors for the sustenance of nations and innovative science and technology is considered as major driver of the World regions facing poverty and undulant development. However, over the past couple of decades technological gaps between developed and developing/under-developed nations have been widening. Rapid information communication technologies (ICT) have interlinked mankind in the form of a global village and also created high awareness about technology-based disparities. Appropriate strategies relevant to sharing of science and technology globally are still being awaited. Both developed and developing nations are benefitting from modern science and technology in the form of wealth and job creation. Innovative products generated through research and developments in these countries are protected through intellectual property laws and due to costs associated with their development are available to public at relatively higher costs. Conversely, if these technologically mediated products would have been developed in less developed nations where professional and general manpower is available at relatively lower wages, high tech products can be available at cheaper prices tomankind throughout the World without compromising profits of sponsoring organizations. Newly, emerging scientific data also suggest that ethically and morally there is need for the universalization/sharing of technological resources otherwise it will lead to techno-polarization.

A recent World Presidential Conclave at the future of Higher Education during concurrent sessions with Knowledge Crossing Borders at West Chester, PA, USA identified six priority areas stressing a need for enhanced collaboration among countries having relative less access to science and technology. This presentation will discuss priorities of developed nations and possible options for developing/less developed nations to devise economy pro science and technology programs.


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Date conversion30.11.2012
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