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Permanent office address office address ay 2002/3





University of Illinois at Chicago School of Social Science

Department of Political Science (m/c 276) Institute for Advanced Study

1007 West Harrison Street Einstein Drive

Chicago, Illinois 60607-7137 Princeton, NJ 08540

(312) 996-2396 · FAX (312) 413-0440 Tel: (609) 734-8274

e-mail: Fax: (609) 951-4434


Comparative Politics; East European Politics; Politics of USSR and Successor States; Transitions to Democracy; Comparative Ethnic Relations; Citizenship and Integration; Comparative Public Policy; Corruption in Post-Communist Systems; Protest and Collective Action; Political Participation.


1975, Ph.D. Political Science, The University of Chicago

1971, M.A. International Relations, The University of Chicago

1969 “Diplom-Politologe,” Free University of Berlin, Germany


1994- Professor of Political Science, University of Illinois at Chicago, (Chair, 1994-96, 1999-2001)

1987-1994 Associate Professor of Political Science, University of Illinois at Chicago

1980-1987 Assistant Professor of Political Science, University of Illinois at Chicago

1976-1977 Adjunct Assistant Professor, Boston University Overseas Graduate Program in

International Relations, Italy and FRG

1975-1976 Assistant Professor of Political Science, Boston University


2002-03 Visiting Member, School of Social Sciences Institute for Advanced Study, Princeton, NJ

2001- Participant, “Honesty and Trust Project,” Collegium Budapest, Institute for Advanced Study,

February 1996 Scholar in Residence, Rockefeller Center, Bellagio, Italy.

1994-96, President, Association for the Advancement of Baltic Studies.

1991-1995 Member, The Woodrow Wilson Center Ethnicity Planning Group.

1993 - 1994 Fulbright lectureship in Latvia.

Summer 1992 Woodrow Wilson Center Guest Scholar.

Foreign Member, Academy of Sciences of Latvia, elected November 24, 1992.

1989 “International Understanding Award”of Illinois Humanities Council, for

promoting international understanding through scholarship.

1987 American Political Science Association Ralph J. Bunche Award “for the best

scholarly work in political science exploring the phenomenon of ethnic and

cultural pluralism” for the book ^ Ethnic Relations in the USSR.

GRANTS (selected)

May 2002 International Research and Exchanges Board, “Short term travel grant,” Hungary and Latvia

April 1999 Grant, East European Studies at Woodrow Wilson Center for Scholars;

Fellow, Institute for European, Russian and Eurasian Studies, George Washington University

1998 Collaborative Grant, John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation "Initiative in

the Former Soviet Union."

1997-98 Grant, United States Institute of Peace.

1996-97 Grant, National Council for Eurasian and East European Research.

9/1995-May 1996 Individual Advanced Research Grant, International Research and Exchanges Board.

1994 John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation Conference and Travel Grant.

May 1993-April 1994 “Special Projects” grant from International Research and Exchanges Board.

Summer 1992 Woodrow Wilson Center Summer Guest Scholar, Ethnicity Planning Group

1991-1992 John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation “Grant for Research and Writing .“

1988-1989 International Fellowship, “Programme for Advanced Soviet and East

European Studies,” University of Cologne, FRG (4 months).

October 1988 Moscow State University, Senior Scholars Exchange, MUCIA.

1987-1988 Senior Fellow, Institute for the Humanities, UIC.

1981-1988 Co-recipient of National Council for Soviet and East European Research Grant for

“Soviet Interview Project”; member of research team.


American Political Science Association

American Association for the Advancement of Slavic Studies

Association for the Advancement of Baltic Studies

Chicago Consortium for Slavic and East European Studies

International Political Science Association

International Studies Association

Midwest Political Science Association

Political Science Association of Latvia, Founding Member

^ COURSES TAUGHT (selected)

Comparative Ethnic Politics

Transition to Democracy

Comparative Politics and Public Policy

Government and Politics of the Soviet Union/Russia

Government and Politics of Eastern Europe

Introduction to Comparative Politics

Public Administration in the USSR/Russia

Comparative Communism

Theories and Approaches to International Relations

Introduction to Political Science

Introduction to International Relations


^ Ethnic Politics and Transition to Democracy: The Collapse of the USSR and Latvia, Woodrow Wilson Center Press and Johns Hopkins University Press, 1994.

Ethnic Relations in the USSR: The Perspective from Below (Boston and London: Allen & Unwin, 1986. Paperback Unwin & Hyman, 1988).

Edited Book: National Policy in the Baltic States (in Latvian) editor (with Elmars Vebers), Riga: Zinatne, 1995.


“Typology of Post-Communist Corruption,” Problems of Post-Communism, vo. 49/4 (July-August 2002, pp. 22-3; also on, English and Latvian versions.

"Political Participation in Latvia 1989-2001," Journal of Baltic Studies, vol.32/4, (Winter2001), pp.334-346 (with Brigita Zepa).

"Misunderstanding Ethnicity," ^ Problems of Post-Communism, vol.48,no. 3 (May/June 2001) pp. 37-44.

"Ethnopluralism: Panacea for East Central Europe?" Nationalities Papers, vol. 28, no. 2 (June 2000): 219-241.

"Ethnic Integration and School Policies in Latvia," Nationalities Papers, vol. 26, no. 2 (June 1998): 283-302; also in Boris Meissner, ed. Die Deutsche Volksgruppe in Lettland (Hamburg: Biblioteca Baltica, 2000): 230-60.

“Multiple Identities and Ethnopolitics in Latvia,” American Behavioral Scientist, No.1, Vol.40 (September 1996) with B. Zepa, pp. 33-45.

“Explaining Regime Change in the USSR,” Europe-Asia Studies (formerly Soviet Studies), 46, 1 (January 1994): 29-45.

“The Decision Calculus of Protesters and Regimes: Eastern Europe 1989,” Journal of Politics, 55, no. 3 (August 1993), with Roger Petersen, pp. 588-614.

“Perestroika and Ethnopolitics in the USSR,” PS: Political Science & Politics, 22 (June 1989), pp. 208-214.

“The Organization of the Power in Soviet Labor Camps,” Soviet Studies (April 1989), pp. 276-297; reprinted in Russian in Sotsiologicheskie issledovaniia, June 1990, and in Prisons around the world: Studies in International Penology (Brown, 1992), pp.99-123.

“The Dissent/Coercion Nexus in the USSR,” Studies in Comparative Communism, 20, no. 3/4 (Autumn 1987), pp. 322-341.

“The Analysis of National Cadre Politics,” Journal of Baltic Studies, 18, no. 2/3 (Summer/Fall 1987),

pp. 165-173.

“Determinants of Ethnic Identification in the USSR: The Soviet Jewish Case,” Ethnic and Racial Studies, 10, no. 2 (January 1987), pp. 27-47.

“Soviet Elections Revisited: The Significance of Voter Abstention in Non-Competitive Voting,” American Political Science Review, 80, no. 2 (June 1986), pp. 449-469.

“Ethnic Politics and Access to Higher Education: The Soviet Case,” Comparative Politics, 16 (April 1984),

pp. 277-294.

“Nationality Power in Soviet Republics,” Studies in Comparative Communism, 14, no. 1 (Spring 1981),

pp. 70-93.

“Ethnic Interaction in the Baltic Republics,” Journal of Baltic Studies, 12, no. 1 (Spring 1981), pp. 16-34.

“A Note on ‘Nationality’ and ‘Native Tongue’ as Census Categories in 1979,” Soviet Studies, 32, no. 3 (July 1980), pp. 415-422.

“The Uighurs between China and the USSR,” Canadian Slavonic Papers, 17, no. 2-3 (Autumn 1975),

pp. 341-365.

“World Revolution and the Soviet Germans,” Cahiers du Monde russe et sovietique, 16, no. 3-4 (1975),

pp. 425-443.


"Language Policy for Multi-Ethnic Societies," Democracy and Deep Rooted Conflict: Options for Negotiators (Stockholm: Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance, Handbook Series 1998) pp. 243-252.

"Minority Issues in Latvia," in Boris Meissner et al., Der Aufbau einer freiheitlich-demokratischen Ordnung in den baltischen Staaten (Hamburg: Bibliotheca Baltica), 1995, pp. 151-178.

“Nationalities and Ethnic Issues,” in Anthony Jones and David E. Powell, eds., Soviet Update, 1989-1990 (Boulder, Colo: Westview Press, 1991), pp. 75-96.

“Nationality Policy and Ethnic Relations,” in James R. Millar, ed., Politics, Life, and Work in the USSR (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1987), pp. 301-331.

“Deutsche, Kasachen, Russen: Nationale Distanz ind Nahe in Kasachstan,” in A. Kappeler, et al., Die Deutschen im Russischen Reich und im Sowjetstaat (Cologne: Markus, 1987), pp. 137-149.

“The Nationality Factor in Soviet Foreign Policy,” in Roger Kanet, ed., Soviet Foreign Policy in the 1980s (New York: Praeger, 1982), pp. 58-76.

“Formen des Widerstands im Baltikum, 1940-1968,” in Theodor Ebert, ed., Ziviler Widerstand, Fallstudien der innenpolitischen Friedens-und Konfliktforschung (Dusseldorf: Bertelsmann Universitatsverlag, 1970),

pp. 208-234.

^ CONFERENCE PARTICIPATION (since 1985 only, selected)


“Anti-Corruption Incentives and Constituencies,” invited paper, workshop “Creating a Trustworthy State,” Collegium Budapest, Institute for Advanced Study, Budapest, Hungary, October 18-19, forthcoming.

“Cultural Identity and Postcommunist Corruption: Regional Comparisons,” international convention “Nationalities, Identities, and Regional Cooperation,” Fiorli, Italy, June 4-9, 2002.

“Typology of Post-Communist Corruption,” Law and Society conference, Budapest, Hungary, July 4-8, 2001; special corruption workshop, US State Department, February 22, 2002.

"Rethinking Western Advice on the Transition," Roundtable, American Association for the Advancement of Slavic Studies," Annual Meeting, Denver, Co., November 9-12, 2000.

"Political Participation in Latvia 1988-2000," World Congress of East European Studies, Tampere, Finland, July 31, 2000 (with Brigita Zepa).

"Corruption and Democracy," invited presentation, Conference on Baltic Sea Region, Stockholm, Sweden,

November 3-4, 1999.

"Issues of Corruption in Post-Communist States," invited presentation at doctoral research seminar, University of Oslo, Norway, Sept. 23-25, 1999.

"Compensatory Nationalism," American Political Science Association Convention, Atlanta, Sept. 3, 1999.

"Ethnopluralism: Panacea for East Central Europe?" American Political Science Association convention, Boston, Sept. 1998.

Invited Presentation, "Ethnopluralism: Panacea for East Central Europe?" University of Michigan, April, 1998.

Invited Presentation, “Ethnopolitics and Regime Types” Global Studies Seminar, University of California at Santa Barbara, March 9, 1998; research seminar, University of Oslo, Norway, Sept. 23-25, 1999.

"Ethnopolitics and Language Strategies in Latvia," American Political Science Association, August 28-31, 1997.

"Nationalitatenpolitik Lettlands seit 1988," invitational conference on German-Latvian relations, Institut fur Deutschland und Osteuropaforschung, Travemunde, Germany, September 22-14, 1997.

"Legality and Ethics: Recent Issues in Baltic Political Culture," Woodrow Wilson Center Noon Discussion, Washington, D.C. April 16, 1997.

"Ethnic Integration and School Policy in Latvia," convention of Association for the Study of Nationalisites, Columbia University, New York, April 24, 1997.

“Dismantling Pre-Independence Institutions in the Baltic States,” Invitational Conference on Nation-Building in the Baltic States, The Irving B. Harris Graduate School of Public Policy, University of Chicago, May 2-4, 1996.

“Democratization and Academic Reform in Eastern Europe,” International Conference on Baltic Studies, Riga, Latvia, June 12-15, 1995.

Invited Presentation, “Democratic Ethnopolitics,” Conference on Issues and Perspectives on the Post-Cold War Era, Bard College, April 8, 1995.

Invited Presentation, “Civil Society and Ethnic Policy in the Baltic States,” conference on Post-Communism and Ethnic Mobilization, Cornell University, April 21-23, 1995.

Invited Presentation, “Models of Language Pluralism,” University of California at Berkeley, February 16, 1995.

Invited Seminar Presentation, “Building Functional and Productive Multiethnic Societies,” University of California at Davis, February 17, 1994.

“Civic and Ethnic Integration in the Baltic States,” Seminar, Woodrow Wilson Center for International Studies, Washington, D.C., May 22, 1995

“Multiple Ethnic Identities,” Conference, Social Science History Association, Atlanta, Ga., October 12-14, 1994.

“Baltic Options: Ethnic Rivalry or Regional Cooperation?” Core Seminar, Woodrow Wilson Center for International Studies, Washington, D.C., December 9, 1992.

“Democratic Ethnic Political Culture,” Conference on National Policy in the Russian Federation, Moscow, September 22-24, 1992. (Invitational).

“New Thinking and the Baltic States,” invitational International Conference on Soviet Ethnic Relations and International Peace, University of Michigan, May 6-7, 1991.

“National Revolutions and the New Democratic Order in the USSR,” Invitational International Conference, Institute on East-West Security Studies, Prague, April 13-17, 1991.

“Democracy vs. Bureaucracy in Transitional Communist Regimes,” Workshop on “Democratization and Mass Movements,” organized by the Department of Political Science, UIC with Adam Mickiewicz University, Poznan, Poland, March 17-21, 1991.

“Republican Sovereignty and the Decline of Party Authority,” invited presentation, International Conference at Columbia University, October 18-21,1990.

“Democratization and Ethnopolitics, Concepts” World Congress of Soviet and East European Studies, Harrogate, England, July 23-27, 1990.

“Social Pathology in Soviet Labor Camps,” annual meeting of the American Association for the Advancement of Slavic Studies, Honolulu, November 18-22, 1988.

“The Organization of Power in Soviet Labor Camps,” AAASS convention, Boston, November 5-8, 1987.

“Comparing Cadre Policy in the Baltic and Central Asia,” invited presentation at International Conference on Regional Identity Under Soviet Rule, Kiel, FRG, June 9-11, 1987.

“Comparative Findings on Ethnicity and Political Participation: Two Interview Projects,” invited presentation at conference organized by the Osteuropa Institut Munich, FRG, June 29/30, 1987.

“The Instrumental Value of Ethnicity,” III World Congress of Soviet and East European Studies, Washington, D.C., November 1-4, 1985.

^ DISCUSSANT OR CHAIR ON PANELS: (since 1987 only, selected)

Collegium Budapest, Institute for Advanced Study, Budapest, Hungary, Participant, planning meeting for “Project on Honesty and Trust,” May 28-29, 2001.

Carnegie Corporation of New York, Participant, Planning Meeting on Self-determination vs. Sovereignty, Washington, D.C. Sept. 30 and Oct. 1, 1999.

Chair: "State, Society and Identity Construction in Post-Communist Politics," annual meeting of the American Association for the Advancement of Slavic Studies, Seattle, November 20-23, 1997.

Roundtable participant, "Area Studies and the Discipline," annual meting of the American Association for the Advancement of Slavic Studies, Seattle, November 20-23, 1997.

Chair, "Party Organizations, Interest Groups, and Postcommunist Politics," Midwest Political Science Meeting, April 1997.

Chair and Discussant, panel on Ethnic Identity, Annual Convention of the International Studies Association, February 21-25, 1995.

Roundtable Participant, “Ethnic Issues in the Modern World,” Annual Convention of ISA, February 21-25, 1995.

Chair and Discussant, “Ethnic Identities and Transitions toward Democracy in Eastern Europe,” Midwest Political Science Meeting, April 6, 1995.

“Strains of Economic Transition and Seeds of Ethnic Conflict,” Prague, November 5-6, 1993, Invitation conference organized by the Woodrow Wilson International Center and the Central European University.

“Gorbachev and the National Question,” discussant, international invitational conference, University of Waterloo, Canada, May 2-5, 1990.

Discussant, “Political Reform in Eastern Europe,” Midwest Political Science Meeting, Chicago, April 7, 1990.


Valts Kalnins, The Justice System and Corruption,

Russians as the New Minority, by Jeff Chinn and Robert Kaiser (Boulder, Colo: Westview Press, 1996), and After the USSR: Ethnicity, Nationalism, and Politics in the Commonwealth of Independent States by Anatoly M. Khazanow (University of Wisconsin Press, 1995) in Slavic Review, 56/3 (fall 1997): 575-6.

Latvia in Transition, by Juris Dreifelds (Cambridge University Press, 1996), in Slavic Review, (vol.56,

no. 1 spring 1997) p. 136.

Russians in the Former Soviet Republics, by Paul Kolstoe, in American Political Science Review, 3, vol 90 (September 1996), 699.

The Revenge of the Past: Nationalism, Revolution, and the Collapse of the Soviet Union, by Ronald Grigor Suny, Review in Slavic Review, vol.54, 4 (Winter 1994):1155-56.

Hungary and the Soviet Bloc by Charles Gati; review in Political Science Quarterly, 102, no. 4 (Winter 1987/88), pp. 718-719.

Georg Brunner, et al., Sowjetsystem und Ostrecht review in Journal of Baltic Studies, 17, no. 4 (Winter 1986), pp. 367-368.

Soviet-Jewish Emigration and Soviet Nationality Policy, by Victor Zaslavsky and Robert J. Brym; Soviet Jewry in the Decisive Decade, 1971-80, by Robert O. Freedman, Slavic Review, XLIV, no. 2 (Summer 1985).

Moscow’s Muslim Challenge: Soviet Central Asia, by Michael Rywkin, American Political Science Review 77 (December 1983), pp. 1082-1083.

^ Biographical Dictionary of Dissidents in the Soviet Union 1965-1975, edited and compiled by S.P. de Boer, E.J. Driessen and H.L. Verhaar, Slavic Review 42 (September 1983), pp. 489-490.

Ethnopolitics: A Conceptual Framework, by Joseph Rothschild; The Politics of Ethnicity in Eastern Europe, ed. by George Klein and Milan J. I. Reban, American Political Science Review 76 (December 1982), pp. 932-933.


Director, Office for Democracy Studies, UIC, 1999- present.

Chair, Department of Political Science, University of Illinois at Chicago, 1994-96; Acting Head 1999-2000.

President, 1994-96, Association for the Advancement of Baltic Studies: President-Elect, 1992-94.

Member, Executive Board, Association for the Study of Nationalities, 1995-98, re-elected 1998-2000, 2000-2003.

Senior Scholar, Woodrow Wilson Center East European Program "Junior Scholars' Training Seminar",

Aspen Institute Wye Conference Center, August 14-17, 1997.

Member, Panel of Experts on Eastern Europe, National Security Education Program, 1994.

Director, Baltic Academic Center, Riga, Latvia, Fall 1993.

President, Chicago Consortium for Soviet and East European Studies, 1988-90; Vice-President, 1986-88.

Co-Chair, Search Committee for Head of Department of Slavic and Baltic Languages and Literatures, UIC, 2001-02

Member, Search Committee for Head of Department of Political Science, UIC, 1996-2001.

Member, Search Committee for Dean of Liberal Arts and Sciences, University of Illinois at Chicago, 1995-96.

Member, UIC “Great Cities” Subcommittee on International Urban Connections.

Member, Campus Research Board Selection Committee, Social Sciences, 1995-97.

Member, UIC International Programs Committee.

Search Committee, Endowed Chair in Lithuanian Studies, UIC, 1992.

Ad-Hoc Committee on Immigration Issues program, Hull House.

Presentation on Sabbaticals, The Board of Trustees of the University of Illinois, July 1991.

Reviewer of manuscripts: American Political Science Review, Journal of Politics, International Studies Quarterly, Comparative Politics, Political Communication, Journal of Baltic Studies, American Sociological Review, Journal of Conflict Resolution, Polity, Problems of Post-Communism, Nationalities Papers, Nationalism and Ethnic Politics, The Carl Beck Papers in Russian and East European Studies, Slavic Review, Cornell University Press, Unwin & Hyman, University of California Press, Routledge.

Reviewer of grant proposals: American Council of Learned Societies, National Science Foundation, National Endowment for the Humanities, National Research Council; International Research and Exchanges Board, US Institute of Peace; Social Science and Humanities Research Council of Canada, John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation, Woodrow Wilson Center for International Studies.

Editorial board, ^ Problems of Post-Communism, Demokratizatsiya, CAIR Quarterly; Race and Ethnic Relations Series, Sage Publications.


Guest lectures at Georgetown University, University of Michigan, University of Chicago, University of California at Berkeley, at Davis, at Santa Barbara, University of Washington, University of Wisconsin at Madison; University of Oslo, University of Latvia, University of Cologne, University College of London, et al.; Frequent guest “Chicago Tonight” Channel 11 Public Television Chicago; Letters to the editor, The New York Times; Public lectures to the Chicago Council on Foreign Relations and numerous community groups. Consultant and presenter, US Department of State 2001-2002; RAND Corporation Seminars of Forecasting 1990-; World Bank East Central Europe Program 1997; US Board of Foreign Broadcasting, USIA "Radio-bridge to Latvia,". Participant, Briefing for New Ambassador to Latvia, US Department of State, Washington, D.C. June 7, 1995 and September 8, 1998; Presentation on research to Ambassador and other US representatives Riga, May 22, 1997; Commission of the European Union, May 1998.


English, German, Russian, Latvian, French.

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