Preliminary White Paper for Consideration by afosr program Manager icon

Preliminary White Paper for Consideration by afosr program Manager

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To: Institutes


in Ukraine, Azerbaijan, Georgia, and Moldova

Dear Colleagues:

The Science and Technology Center in Ukraine (STCU) is sending you a translated Broad Agency Announcement from AFOSR (US Air Force Office of Scientific Research).  This is a funding opportunity from the United States for peaceful fundamental research support.  Please review the attached document of scientific areas of interest.

The appropriate AFOSR program manager can provide greater details about particular opportunities. We recommend that you first prepare a Preliminary White Paper and send it to the US Program Manager for discussion with you by e-mail. The format should be as follows: 

Preliminary White Paper for Consideration by AFOSR Program Manager

 Project Title

  1. Objective

  2. General approach

  3. Impact of proposed research

  4. Contact information.

The Preliminary White Paper should be approximately 3 pages.  Include topics that are of interest to the Program Manager.  Please don’t send general topics requesting support.  Please do not include cost information. You can send the Preliminary White Paper to the US Program Manager who is listed in BAA document.  You can start discussions with him or her to determine if there is interest in your proposed project.

If the US program manager requests then you may submit a White Paper, which should briefly describe the proposed research project’s (1) objective, (2) general approach, and (3) impact of proposal research. The white paper may also contain any unique capabilities or experience you may have (e.g., collaborative research activities involving US and international agencies).

Important:  Before sending this Preliminary White Paper you should have the approval of your Experts Commission of your Institute or University.

Please pay attention: Your proposal material should be sent directly to AFOSR ( and not to STCU.  If your proposal is selected then it may be implemented through STCU.


Funding Opportunity Title

Research Interests of the United States Air Force Office of Scientific Research

Funding Opportunity Number


Translated into Ukrainian and Russian


Science and Technology Center in Ukraine

Assisting Azerbaijan, Georgian, Moldavan, Ukrainian and Uzbek scientists

in their integration into the international science and business communities.

August, 2010


1. Agency Name

Air Force Office of Scientific Research

Arlington VA

2. Funding Opportunity Title

Research Interests of the Air Force Office of Scientific Research

^ 3. Announcement Type

This is the initial announcement.

4. Funding Opportunity Number


5. Catalog of Federal Domestic Assistance (CFDA) Numbers


6. Due Dates

This announcement remains open until superseded. Proposals are reviewed and evaluated as they are received. Proposals may be submitted at any time.

^ 7. Additional Overview

The Air Force Office of Scientific Research (AFOSR) manages the basic research investment for the U.S. Air Force (USAF). As a part of the Air Force Research Laboratory (AFRL), AFOSR’s technical experts foster and fund research within the Air Force Research Laboratory, universities, and industry laboratories to ensure the transition of research results to support USAF needs. Using a carefully balanced research portfolio, research managers seek to create revolutionary scientific breakthroughs, enabling the Air Force and U.S. industry to produce world-class, militarily significant, and commercially valuable products.

To accomplish this task, AFOSR solicits proposals for basic research through this general Broad Agency Announcement (BAA). This BAA outlines the Air Force Defense Research Sciences Program. AFOSR invites proposals for research in many broad areas. These areas are described in detail in Section I, Funding Opportunity Description.

^ AFOSR is seeking unclassified, white papers and proposals that do not contain proprietary information. We expect our research to be fundamental.

It is anticipated the awards will be made in the form of a grant, cooperative agreement or contract. AFOSR reserves the right to select and fund for award; all, some, part or none of the proposals in response to this announcement.

This announcement will remain open until replaced by a successor BAA. Proposals may be submitted at any time. However, those planning to submit proposals should consider that AFOSR commits the bulk of its funds in the Fall of each year.

AFOSR will not issue paper copies of this announcement. AFOSR provides no funding for direct reimbursement of proposal development costs. Technical and cost proposals, or any other material, submitted in response to this BAA will not be returned.



a. Aerospace, Chemical and Material Sciences (RSA)

1) Mechanics of Multifunctional Materials & Microsystems

2) Multi-Scale Structural Mechanics and Prognosis

3) Surface and Interfacial Science

4) Organic Materials Chemistry

5) Theoretical Chemistry

6) Molecular Dynamics

7) High Temperature Aerospace Materials

8) Low Density Materials

9) Hypersonics and Turbulence

10) Flow Interactions and Control

11) Space Power and Propulsion

12) Combustion and Diagnostics

13) Molecular Design and Synthesis

b. Physics and Electronics (RSE)

1) Plasma and Electro-Energetic Physics

2) Atomic and Molecular Physics

3) Multi-scale Modeling

4) Electromagnetics

5) Laser and Optical Physics

6) Remote Sensing and Imaging Physics

7) Space Sciences

8) Quantum Electronic Solids

9) Adaptive Multi-Mode Sensing and GHz-THz Speed Electronics

10) Optoelectronics: Components, Integration and Information Processing and Storage

11) Sensing, Surveillance, Navigation

c. Mathematics, Information and Life Sciences (RSL)

1) Bioenergy

2) Complex Networks

3) Computational Mathematics

4) Information Fusion

5) Dynamics and Control

6) Mathematical Modeling of Cognition and Decision

7) Natural Materials and Systems

8) Optimization and Discrete Mathematics

9) Sensory Information Systems

10) Collective Behavior and Socio-Cultural Modeling

11) Systems and Software

12) Information Operations and Security

13) Robust Computational Intelligence

d. Discovery Challenge Thrusts (DCTs)

1) Integrated Multi-modal Sensing, Processing, and Exploitation

2) Robust Decision Making

3) Turbulence Control & Implications

4) Space Situational Awareness

5) Complex Networked Systems

6) Reconfigurable Materials for Cellular Electronic and Photonic Systems

7) Thermal Transport Phenomena and Scaling Laws

8) Radiant Energy Delivery and Materials Interaction

9) Socio-Cultural Modeling of Effective Influence

10) Super Configurable Multifunctional Structures

11) Prognosis of Aircraft and Space Devices, Components, and Systems

e. Other Innovative Research Concepts

f. Education and Outreach Programs

1) United States Air Force/National Research Council Resident Research Associateship (NRC/RRA) Program

2) United States Air Force-Summer Faculty Fellowship Program (SFFP)

3) Engineer and Scientist Exchange Program (ESEP)

4) Air Force Visiting Scientist Program

5) Window on Science (WOS) Program

6) Windows on the World (WOW) Program

7) National Defense Science and Engineering Graduate (NDSEG) Fellowship Program

8) The Awards to Stimulate and Support Undergraduate Research Experiences (ASSURE)

g. Special Programs

1) Small Business Technology Transfer Program (STTR)

2) Historically Black Colleges and Universities and Minority Institutions (HBCU/MI) Program

3) Young Investigator Research Program (YIP)

h. University Research Initiative (URI) Programs

1) Defense University Research Instrumentation Program (DURIP)

2) Multidisciplinary Research Program of the University Research Initiative (MURI)

3) Presidential Early Career Award in Science & Engineering (PECASE)

4) Partnerships for Research Excellence and Transition (PRET)

i. Conferences and Workshops

j. Technical Information

k. Evaluation Criteria For Conference Support

l. Cost Information

II. Award Information

III. Eligibility Information

IV. Application and Submission Information

V. Application Review Information

VI. Award Administration Information

VII. Agency Contacts

VIII. Additional Information

I. Funding Opportunity Description

AFOSR plans, coordinates, and executes the Air Force Research Laboratory’s (AFRL) basic research program in response to technical guidance from AFRL and requirements of the Air Force; fosters, supports, and conducts research within Air Force, university, and industry laboratories; and ensures transition of research results to support USAF needs.

The focus of AFOSR is on research areas that offer significant and comprehensive benefits to our national warfighting and peacekeeping capabilities. These areas are organized and managed in three scientific directorates: Aerospace, Chemical and Material Sciences, Physics and Electronics, and Mathematics, Information and Life Sciences. The research activities managed within each directorate are summarized in this section.

Aerospace, Chemical and Material Sciences (RSA)

The Aerospace, Chemical and Material Science Directorate strives to find, support, and foster new scientific discoveries that will ensure future novel innovations for “The Future AF”. The Directorate leads discovery and development of fundamental and integrated science that advances future air and space power. Five scientific focus areas are the central research direction for the Directorate focused to meet the following strategy. “If it has structure and rises above the ground, then the directorate has responsibility leading the discovery and development of fundamental and integrated science that advances future air and space power”. This alignment is not limited to the size, speed, or operating elevation and encompasses the entire operating spectrum for “The Future AF” to ensure universal situational awareness, delivery of precision effects and access and survivability in the battlespace. The five scientific focus areas provide broad scientific challenges where development of new scientific discoveries will enable future technology innovations necessary to meet the needs of “The Future AF”. The five scientific focus areas are:

1) Aero-Structure Interactions and Control

2) Energy, Power and Propulsion

3) Complex Materials and Structures

4) Space Architecture and Protection

5) Thermal Control

A wide range of fundamental research addressing structures, structural materials, fluid dynamics, propulsion, and chemistry are brought together to address these multidisciplinary topics in an effort to increase performance and operational flexibility.

1) Mechanics of Multifunctional Materials and Microsystems, Dr. Les Lee

2) Multi-Scale Structural Mechanics and Prognosis, Dr. David Stargel

3) Surface and Interfacial Science, Maj. Michelle Ewy

4) Organic Materials Chemistry, Dr. Charles Lee

5) Theoretical Chemistry, Dr. Michael Berman

6) Molecular Dynamics, Dr. Michael Berman

7) High Temperature Aerospace Materials, Dr. Joan Fuller

8) Low Density Materials, Dr. Joycelyn Harrison

9) Hypersonics and Turbulence, Dr. John Schmisseur

10) Flow Interactions and Control, Dr. Douglas Smith

11) Space Power and Propulsion, Dr. Mitat Birkan

12) Combustion and Diagnostics, Dr. Julian Tishkoff

13) Molecular Design and Synthesis, Dr. Kenneth Caster

Research areas of interest to the Air Force program managers are described in detail in the Sub areas below.

^ 1. Mechanics of Multifunctional Materials & Microsystems

The main goals of this program are to establish safer, more maneuverable aerospace vehicles and platforms with improved performance characteristics; and to bridge the gap between the viewpoints from materials science on one side and structural engineering on the other in forming a science base for the materials development and integration criteria.

Specifically, the program seeks to establish the fundamental understanding required to design and manufacture new aerospace materials and microsystems for multifunctional structures and to predict their performance and integrity based on mechanics principles.

The multifunctionality implies coupling between structural performance and other as-needed functionalities (such as electrical, magnetic, optical, thermal, chemical, biological, and so forth) to deliver dramatic improvements in system-level efficiency. Structural performance includes durability, reliability, survivability, maintainability and the ability to reconfigure, in response to the changes in surrounding environments or operating conditions.

Among various visionary contexts for developing multifunctionalities, the concepts of particular interest are:

(a) “autonomic” structures which sense, diagnose and respond for adjustment with minimum external intervention, and

(b) “adaptive” structures allowing reconfiguration or readjustment of functionality, shape and mechanical properties on demand.

This program thus focuses on the developing new design criteria involving mechanics, physics, chemistry, biology, and information science to model and characterize the integration and performance of multifunctional materials and microsystems at multiple scales from atoms to continuum. Projected Air Force applications require material systems and devices which often consist of dissimilar constituents with different functionalities. Interaction with Air Force Research Laboratory researchers is encouraged to maintain relevance and enhance technology transition.

Dr. Les Lee AFOSR/RSA (703) 696-8483

DSN 426-8483 FAX (703) 696-7320


^ 2. Multi-Scale Structural Mechanics and Prognosis

This fundamental basic research program addresses the US Air Force needs in the following application areas:

1) New and revolutionary flight structures,

2) Multi-scale modeling and prognosis and

3) Structural dynamics under non-stationary conditions and extreme environments.

Other game-changing and revolutionary structural mechanics problems relevant to the US Air Force are also of interest.

The structural mechanics program encourages fundamental basic research that will generate understanding, models, analytical tools, numerical codes, and predictive methodologies validated by carefully conducted experiments. The program seeks to establish the fundamental understanding required to design and manufacture new aerospace materials and structures and to predict their performance and integrity based on mechanics principles.

Fundamental basic research issues for new and revolutionary flight structures include:revolutionary structural concepts and unprecedented flight configurations; hybrid structures of dissimilar materials (metallic, composite, ceramic, etc.) with multi-material joints and/or interfaces under dynamic loads, and extreme environments; controlled-flexibility distributed-actuation smart structures;.

The predictive analysis and durability prognosis of hybrid-material structures that synergistically combine the best attributes of metals, composites, and ceramics, while avoiding their inherit shortcomings is of great interest.

Fundamental basic research issues of interest for multi-scale modeling and prognosis include: physics-based models that quantitatively predict the materials performance and durability of metallic and composite flight structures operating at various regimes; modeling and prediction of the structural flaws distribution and service-induced damage on each aircraft and at fleet level; structural analysis that accounts for variability due to materials, processing, fabrication, maintenance actions, changing mission profiles; novel and revolutionary on-board health monitoring and embedded NDE concepts.

An area of particular research interest is the development and validation of new diagnostic techniques capable of measurements at the mesoscale. Experimental techniques capable of simultaneous measurements on multiple length scales (i.e. meso to macro) are also sought.

Fundamental basic research issues for structural dynamics include: control of dynamic response of extremely flexible nonlinear structures; control of unsteady energy flow in nonlinear structures during various flight conditions; nonlinear dynamics and vibration control of thin-wall structures of functionally graded hybrid materials with internal vascular networks under extreme loading conditions.

Researchers are highly encouraged to submit short white papers prior to developing full proposals. White papers are encouraged as an initial and valuable step prior to proposal development and submission. White papers should briefly relate the current state-of-the-art, how the proposed effort would advance it, and the approximate yearly cost for a three to five year effort. Researchers with white papers of significant interest will be invited to submit full proposals.

Dr. David Stargel AFOSR/RSA (703) 696-6961

DSN 426-6961 FAX (703) 696-7320


^ 3. Surface and Interfacial Science

Understanding the chemistry, physics and mechanics of surfaces and their interfaces is critical to a wide range of Air Force technologies, particularly as we look towards miniaturization of assets, operation in extreme environments, and reliance on complex, hybrid materials.

This program is focused on discovering the fundamental mechanisms causing surface degradation (from non-destructive interactions to complete deterioration) across multiple length-scales that could later be used to design robust materials with specific surface and interfacial properties

The surface degradation research currently funded under this program investigates basic chemical and morphological phenomena at the interface through experiments and molecular dynamics, fundamental mechanisms of friction and wear, multi-scale investigations of tribological properties and degradative processes, and the development of tools for the in situ monitoring of friction, adhesion, wear and other non- galvanic/oxidative means of corrosion.

Specific consideration is given to research focused on uncovering key, broadly applicable mechanisms of quantum, atomic and molecular behavior at and on surfaces leading to or preventing material degradation.

Major Michelle Ewy, AFOSR/RSA (703) 696-7297

DSN 426-7297 FAX (703) 696-7320

^ 4. Organic Materials Chemistry

The goal of this research area is to gain a better understanding of the influence of chemical structures and processing conditions on the properties and behaviors of polymeric and organic materials. This understanding will lead to development of advanced organic and polymeric materials for Air Force applications. This program’s approach is to study the chemistry and physics of these materials through synthesis, processing, characterization and establishing the structure properties relationship of these materials. This area addresses both functional properties and properties pertinent to structural applications. Materials with these properties will provide capabilities for future Air Force systems to achieving global awareness, global mobility, and space operations.

Research concepts that are novel, high risk with potential high payoff are encouraged.

Proposals with innovative material concepts that will extend our understanding of the structure-property relationship of these materials and achieve significant property improvement over current state-of-the-art materials are sought.

Current interests include photonic polymers and liquid crystals, polymers with interesting electronic properties, polymers with controlled dielectric permittivity and magnetic permeability including negative index materials, and novel properties polymers modified with nanostructures.

Applications of polymers in extreme environments, including Space operation environments, are of interests. Material concepts for power management applications, power generation and storage are of interest.

In the area of photonic polymers, research emphases are on materials whose refractive index can be actively controlled. These include, but are not limited to, electrooptic polymers, liquid crystals, photorefractive polymers and magneto-optical polymers.

Organic molecules with large nonlinear real and imaginary components are also of interest.

Examples of electronic properties of interest include conductivity, charge mobility, electro-pumped lasing and solar energy harvesting. Material concepts related to power generation and storage are also of interest.

Organic based materials, including inorganic hybrids, with controlled magnetic permeability and dielectric permittivity are also of interest. Of great interest are multifunctional materials with non-trivial, low-loss permittivity and permeability at frequencies greater than 100 MHz, especially those functioning at greater than 1 GHz.

This interest extends into 3-D bulk materials with negative index (both permittivity and permeability being negative). Material concepts that will provide low thermal conductivity but high electrical conductivity (as thermoelectric) or vice versa (as thermally conductive electrical insulator) are of interests.

In the area of structural properties, polymers with high thermomechanical properties are desirable. End uses of these structural polymers include aircraft and rocket non-fiber reinforced composite components such as canopies, coatings, and special properties polymers. Issues relating to extreme environments, thermal, thermoxidative, radiation, atomic oxygen bombardment and extreme mechanical loading are of interests. Nanotechnology approaches are encouraged to address all the above-mentioned issues. Approaches based on biological systems to achieve materials properties that are difficult to achieve through conventional means are of interest.

Dr. Charles Y-C Lee AFOSR/RSA (703)-696-7779

DSN 426-7779 FAX (703) 696-7320


^ 5. Theoretical Chemistry

The major objective of the theoretical chemistry program is to develop new methods that can be utilized as predictive tools for designing new materials and improving processes important to the Air Force. These new methods can be applied to areas of interest to the Air Force including the structure and stability of molecular systems that can be used as advanced propellants; molecular reaction dynamics; and the structure and properties nanostructures and interfaces. We seek new theoretical and computational tools to identify novel energetic molecules, investigate the interactions that control or limit the stability of these systems, and help identify the most promising synthetic reaction pathways and predict the effects of condensed media on synthesis.

Particular interests in reaction dynamics include developing methods to seamlessly link electronic structure calculations with reaction dynamics, understanding the mechanism of catalytic processes and proton-coupled electron transfer related to storage and utilization of energy, and using theory to describe and predict the details of ion-molecule reactions and electron-ion dissociative recombination processes relevant to ionospheric and space effects on Air Force systems. Interest in nanostructures and materials includes work on catalysis and surface-enhanced processes mediated by plasmon resonances.

This program also encourages the development of new methods to stimulate and predict properties with chemical accuracy for systems having a very large number of atoms that span multiple time and length scales.

Dr. Michael R. Berman AFOSR/RSA (703) 696-7781

DSN 426-7781 FAX (703) 696-7320


^ 6. Molecular Dynamics

The objectives of the molecular dynamics program are to understand, predict, and control the reactivity and flow of energy in molecules. This program seeks experimental and joint theory-experiment studies that address key, fundamental questions in these areas that can lead to important advances in these fields. A major area of interest includes understanding processes related to the efficient storage and utilization of energy. For example, we seek to understand the fundamental reaction mechanisms of catalysis in these systems.

Thus, we have interest in studying the structure, dynamics, and reactivity of molecular clusters and nanoscale systems in which the number of atoms or specific arrangement of atoms in a cluster has dramatic effects on its reactivity or properties.

The ability to promote and probe these reactions and processes using surface-enhanced methods mediated by plasmon resonances is of interest, as are other novel sensitive diagnostic methods for detecting individual molecules and probing nanostructures and processes on nanostructures. Utilizing catalysts to produce storable fuels from sustainable inputs and to improve propulsion processes are

topics of interest.

Fundamental studies aimed at developing basic understanding and predictive capabilities for chemical reactivity, bonding, and energy transfer processes are also encouraged.

Work in this program also addresses areas in which control of chemical reactivity and energy flow at a detailed molecular level is of importance. These areas include hyperthermal and ion-chemistry in the upper atmosphere and space environment, the identification of novel energetic materials for propulsion systems, and the discovery of new high-energy laser systems. The coupling of chemistry and fluid dynamics in high speed reactive flows, and in particular, dynamics at gas-surface interfaces, is also of interest.

Dr. Michael R. Berman AFOSR/RSA (703) 696-7781

DSN 426-7781 FAX (703) 696-7320


^ 7. High Temperature Aerospace Materials

The objective of basic research in High Temperature Aerospace Materials is to provide the fundamental knowledge required to enable revolutionary advances in future Air Force technologies through the discovery and characterization of high temperature materials (nominally temperatures above 1000ºC) including: ceramics, metals, hybrid systems including composites.

Specifically, the program seeks innovative and high risk proposals that advance the field of high temperature materials research through the discovery and characterization of new materials that exhibit superior structural and/or functional performance at temperatures above 1000ºC. Representative scientific topics include the development and experimental verification of theoretical and/or computational tools that aid in the discovery of new materials and in situ characterization methods for probing microstructural evolution at elevated temperatures. There is special interest in fundamental research of high temperature materials focused on understanding combined mechanical behaviors; e.g. strength and toughness as a function of thermal and acoustic loads. This focus area will require the development of new experimental and computational tools to address the complexity of thermal, acoustic, chemistry, shear or pressure loads as they relate back to the performance of the material.

Researchers are highly encouraged to submit short (max 2 pages) white papers by email prior to developing full proposals. White papers should briefly describe the proposed effort and describe how it will advance the current state-of-the-art; an approximate yearly cost for a three to five year effort should also be included. Researchers with white papers of significant interest will be invited to submit full proposals.

Dr. Joan Fuller, AFOSR/RSA (703) 696-7236

DSN 426-7236 FAX (703) 696-7320


^ 8. Low Density Materials

The Low Density Materials portfolio supports transformative, basic research in materials design and processing to enable radical reductions in system weight with concurrent enhancements in performance and function. One route to achieving game-changing improvements in low density materials is through the creation of hierarchical architectures that combine materials of different classes, scales, and properties to provide optimized, synergistic and tailorable performance. Such materials can transform the design of future Air Force aerospace and cyber systems for applications which include airframes, satellites, adaptive vehicles, and stealth structures.

Proposals are sought that advance our understanding of hierarchical materials and our ability to design, model and fabricate multi-material, multi-scale, multi-functional material systems with a high degree of precision and efficiency. Material classes may be polymeric, ceramic, and metallic, possibly combining synthetic and biological species to engender multifuctionality or autonomic responses. Since the interfacial region is critical to the durability of any hybrid construct of dissimilar materials, a current focus of the program is aimed at understanding the mechanics of interfaces, with the goal of developing design tools and processes to guide the synthesis of fail-proof interfaces. The development of novel processing routes to engineer complexity and multifunctionality in materials is also a keen program interest.

The program welcomes proposals seeking to probe pervasive, fundamental challenges such as: how to design interfaces that do not fail; how to create materials that demonstrate property/performance improvements in response to adverse impacts; how to creatively exploit voids and other defects in materials; how to controllably and reliably fabricate multi-scale, hierarchical materials with multiple constituents; how to develop physics-based, design tools to guide the synthesis and understanding of hierarchical low density materials.

Researchers are highly encouraged to submit short (max 2 pages) white papers by email prior to developing full proposals. White papers should briefly describe the proposed effort and describe how it will advance the current state-of-the-art; an approximate yearly cost for a three to five year effort should also be included. Researchers with white papers of significant interest will be invited to submit full proposals.

Dr. Joycelyn Harrison, AFOSR/RSA (703) 696-6225

DSN 426-6225 FAX (703) 696-7320


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