Degree course in physics First Degree  icon

Degree course in physics First Degree


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Students should learn approximation tools in quantum mechanics, such as the perturbation theory and variational methods.





Prerequisites:

Introduction to Quantum Physics

Quantum Mechanics


Course contents:

Theory of angular momentum. Addition of angular momenta. Clebsch-Gordan coefficients. Identical particles. Pauli’s exclusion principle. Approximation methods: variational calculation, time-dependent and time-independent perturbation theory, semi-classical approximation. Relativistic wave equation: Klein-Gordon and Dirac equations. Feynman path integration.



Recommended reading:
^

J.J. Sakurai, Modern Quantum Mechanics, Wiley

Notes

32 hours lectures + 12 hours exercises


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Course code:

Course title: Laboratory of Nuclear and Sub-nuclear Physics

^ Type of course: lectures plus laboratory

Level of course: Advanced Level Course

Year of study: 1st

Duration: semester

Period: 2° Trimester Spring (January-March)

Number of credits: 5

Name of Lecturer: M. Schioppa

Teaching methods: lectures-laboratory

Assessment methods: oral-seminar

Language of instruction: Italian


Objective of course:
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Students should become familiar with basic instrumentations of nuclear and particle physics.





Prerequisites:

Data acquisition and analysis


Course contents:

Standard nuclear electronic instruments: NIM, CAMAC, VME. Integral flux measurements of penetrating radiation. Tracking of charged particles in drift chambers. Differential flux measurements of penetrating radiation. Energy measure of charged particles. Experimental setup for fixed target and colliders.


^ Recommended reading:

Notes

24 hours lectures + 6 hours exercises + 30 hours laboratory


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Course code:

Course title: Advanced Numerical Methods

^ Type of course: lectures

Level of course: Advanced Level Course

Year of study: 2nd

Duration: semester

Period: 1° Trimester Spring (Oct-Dec)

Number of credits: 5

Name of Lecturer:

Teaching methods: lectures

Assessment methods: oral-seminar

Language of instruction: Italian


Prerequisites:

Numerical Methods


Course contents:

Numerical methods for fluid equations: finite differences, compact differences, spectral and pseudospectral methods. Numerical methods for kinetic equations. Particle- and Monte Carlo simulations.


Notes

Elective module; 32 hours lectures + 12 hours exercises


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^ Course code:

Course title: Quantum Electrodynamics

Type of course: lectures

Level of course: Advanced Level Course

Year of study: 2nd

Duration: semester

Period: 1° Trimester Spring (Oct-Dec)

Number of credits: 5

Name of Lecturer: R. Fiore

Teaching methods: lectures

Assessment methods: oral-seminar

Language of instruction: Italian


Objective of course:
^

Students should learn the foundations of the theory of the interaction between charged particles.





Prerequisites:

Advanced Quantum Mechanics, Theory of Free Relativistic Fields


Course contents:

S-matrix and Wick’s theorem. Lagrangian of quantum electrodynamics (QED). Feynman rules for QED. Compton, Moeller and Bhabha scattering. Lepton production in electron-positron collisions. Bremsstrahlung. Infrared divergences. Radiative corrections. Regularization and renormalization of QED. Lamb shift. Electron anomalous magnetic moment.



Recommended reading:
^

Mandl-Shaw, Quantum Field Theory, Wiley.

Notes

Elective module ; 32 hours lectures + 12 hours exercises


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Course code:

Course title: Gauge Theories

^ Type of course: lectures

Level of course: Advanced Level Course

Year of study: 2nd

Duration: semester

Period: 1° Trimester Spring (Oct-Dec)

Number of credits: 5

Name of Lecturer: R. Fiore

Teaching methods: lectures

Assessment methods: oral-seminar

Language of instruction: Italian


Objective of course:
^

Students should learn the foundations of the theory regarding the interaction between quark and gluons.





Prerequisites:

Advanced Quantum Mechanics

Theory of Free Relativistic Fields

Quantum Electrodynamics


^ Course contents:

Gauge principle. Non-Abelian gauge theories. Spontaneous symmetry breaking. Higgs mechanism. Feynman formulation of quantum mechanics and field theory. Standard model of electro-weak interactions. Quantum chromodynamics: perturbation theory. Gauge theories on a space-time lattice.


Recommended reading:
^

Mandl-Shaw, Quantum Field Theory, Wiley


Rothe, Quantum Fields on a Lattice, World Scientific.

Notes

Elective module ; 32 hours lectures + 12 hours exercises


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^ Course code:

Course title: Statistical Field Theory

Type of course: lectures

Level of course: Advanced Level Course

Year of study: 2nd

Duration: semester

Period: 1° Trimester Spring (Oct-Dec)

Number of credits: 5

Name of Lecturer:

Teaching methods: lectures

Assessment methods: oral-seminar

Language of instruction: Italian


Objective of course:
^

Students should understand how field theory can be used to study matter physics, with special regard to phase transitions.





Prerequisites:

Advanced Quantum Mechanics

Field Quantization and Quantum Statistics

Theory of Free Relativistic Fields


^ Course contents:

Spin systems. Ising model. Wilson-Kadanoff renormalization group. Critical behaviour. Universality. Helium superfluidity. Landau-Ginzburg superconductivity. Higgs phenomenon. Goldstone theorem. Integer quantum Hall effect.



Notes

Elective module ; 32 hours lectures + 12 hours exercises


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^ Course code:

Course title: Symmetries and Conservation Laws

Type of course: lectures

Level of course: Advanced Level Course

Year of study: 2nd

Duration: semester

Period: 1° Trimester Spring (Oct-Dec)

Number of credits: 5

Name of Lecturer: G. Crosetti

Teaching methods: lectures

Assessment methods: oral-seminar

Language of instruction: Italian


Objective of course:
^

Students should learn the fundamental symmetries of physical laws and their relevance for understanding particle interactions.





Prerequisites:

Nuclear and Sub-nuclear Physics


Course contents:

Noether’s theorem in classical theory and quantum mechanics. Discrete symmetries: parity (P), charge conjugation (C), time reversal (T). CPT theorem. Parity violation in weak interactions. CP violation in K-meson decay. CP violation in B-mesons. CP violation and implications in cosmology. PEPII accelerator and BaBar experiment.



Notes

Elective module ; 32 hours lectures + 12 hours exercises


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^ Course code:

Course title: Particle Detectors

Type of course: lectures

Level of course: Advanced Level Course

Year of study: 2nd

Duration: semester

Period: 1° Trimester Spring (Oct-Dec)

Number of credits: 5

Name of Lecturer: M. Schioppa

Teaching methods: lectures

Assessment methods: oral-seminar

Language of instruction: Italian


Objective of course:
^

Students should become familiar with basic instrumentation used in particle detection.





Prerequisites:

Nuclear and Sub-nuclear Physics


Course contents:

Standard nuclear electronic instruments: NIM, CAMAC, VME. Integral flux measurements of penetrating radiation. Tracking of charged particles in drift chambers. Differential flux measurements of penetrating radiation. Energy measure of charged particles. Experimental setup for fixed target and colliders.



Notes

Elective module ; 32 hours lectures + 12 hours exercises


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^ Course code:

Course title: Particle Accelerators

Type of course: lectures

Level of course: Advanced Level Course

Year of study: 2nd

Duration: semester

Period: 1° Trimester Spring (Oct-Dec)

Number of credits: 5

Name of Lecturer: M. Schioppa

Teaching methods: lectures

Assessment methods: oral-seminar

Language of instruction: Italian


Objective of course:
^

Students should understand the working principles of a particle-accelerator.





Prerequisites:

Nuclear and Sub-nuclear Physics


Course contents:

Cosmic rays. Sources of charges particles. Tension amplifiers. Resonating cavities. Microwave power sources. Linear accelerators. Principle of phase stability. Focusing. Ring accelerators. N-polar magnetic elements. Strong focusing. Synchrotron radiation.



Notes

Elective module ; 32 hours lectures + 12 hours exercises


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^ Course code:

Course title: Radioactivity

Type of course: lectures

Level of course: Advanced Level Course

Year of study: 2nd

Duration: semester

Period: 1° Trimester Spring (Oct-Dec)

Number of credits: 5

Name of Lecturer: E. Lamanna

Teaching methods: lectures

Assessment methods: oral-seminar

Language of instruction: Italian


Objective of course:
^

Students should understand the phenomenon of nuclear decays.





Prerequisites:

Advanced Quantum Mechanics

Nuclear and Sub-nuclear Physics


Course contents:

Nuclear instability. rays. Radiation sources. Radioactive families. Techniques for radiation detection.



Notes

Elective module ; 32 hours lectures + 12 hours exercises


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^ Course code:

Course title: Nuclear Reactions

Type of course: lectures

Level of course: Advanced Level Course

Year of study: 2nd

Duration: semester

Period: 1° Trimester Spring (Oct-Dec)

Number of credits: 5

Name of Lecturer: R. Alzetta

Teaching methods: lectures

Assessment methods: oral-seminar

Language of instruction: Italian


Objective of course:
^

Students should become familiar with the theoretical tools used in studying nuclear reactions.





Prerequisites:

Advanced Quantum Mechanics

Nuclear and Sub-nuclear Physics


Course contents:

Scattering theory. Lippmann-Schwinger equation. Born approximation. Optical theorem. Partial wave expansion. Low energy and bound states. Effective range. Time-dependent formulation. Young tableaux. Δ baryonic decuplet, introduction of colour. SU(2) group, angular momentum and spin, rotations. Spherical tensors. Wigner-Eckart theorem. Isospin symmetry. Deuteron. Nuclear photoproduction of pions. Hypernuclei. Relativistic and non-relativistic heavy ions. Ultrarelativistic kinematics.


^ Recommended reading:

Handouts are given throughout the course

Notes

Elective module ; 32 hours lectures + 12 hours exercises


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Course code:

Course title: Radioprotection and Dosimetry

^ Type of course: lectures

Level of course: Advanced Level Course

Year of study: 2nd

Duration: semester

Period: 1° Trimester Spring (Oct-Dec)

Number of credits: 5

Name of Lecturer: E. Lamanna

Teaching methods: lectures

Assessment methods: oral-seminar

Language of instruction: Italian


Objective of course:
^

Students should gain an elementary understanding of how radiation interacts with human body tissues.





Prerequisites:

Radioactivity


Course contents:

Ionizing radiation-matter interaction. Radioprotection parameters. Dosimetric instruments. Main applications of radioactive substances. Internal and external protection from natural and artificial radiation sources. Management of radioactive waste.


^ Recommended reading:

Handouts are given throughout the course


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Course code: 50900520

Course title: Biochemistry

Type of course: lectures

Level of course First degree course

Year of study: 2nd

Duration: semester

Period: 1° Trimester Spring (Oct-Dec)

Number of credits: 5

Name of Lecturer:

Teaching methods: lectures

Assessment methods: oral-seminar

Language of instruction: Italian


Objective of course:

Students should gain a basic understanding of biochemistry.





Prerequisites:

General chemistry (50900389)


Course contents:

Principles of protein structures and function. An introduction to thermodynamics, enzymes, and catalysis. The energetics of ATP and other high-energy compounds. Metabolism: pathways and regulation of the major metabolic processes of energy generation and storage. Metabolic pathways of small molecules (amino acids and nucleotides).


Recommended reading:

David L. Nelson, Albert L. Lehninger, Michael M. Cox. Lehninger Principles of Biochemistry, III° Edition.




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