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Degree course in physics First Degree


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DEGREE COURSE IN PHYSICS

First Degree & Advanced Degree Individual Course Descriptions


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Course code: 50900390

Course title: Introduction to Experimental Methodology

Type of course: lectures plus laboratory

Level of course: First Degree Course

Year of study: 1st

Duration: trimester

Period: 1° Trimester - Autumn (Oct-Dec)

Number of credits: 5

Name of Lecturer: Gaetano Cannelli (coordinator)

Teaching methods: lectures, laboratory

Assessment methods: written and orals exam

Language of instruction: Italian


Objective of course:

The aim of the course is to provide students with fundamental insights into experimental methods in physics and scientific disciplines in general, covering basic concepts of statistics, scientific reasoning, and objective data reporting etc.


Prerequisites:

none


Course contents:

  • Measurements

  • Fundamentals quantities and units

  • Types of errors

  • Propagation of errors

  • Probability distributions

  • Goodness of fit

  • Chi-square test

  • Standard deviation of the mean

  • Methods of least square,

  • Practical laboratory skills for physics




Recommended reading:

J.R. Taylor. An Introduction to error analysis, the study of uncertainties in physical measurements. University science book, 1982.

Cannelli. Metodologie sperimentali in Fisica. EdiSES, Napoli, 2000.


Notes:

The course is organised into 24 hours of lectures and 16 hours of laboratory

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^ Course code: 50900391

Course title: Laboratory of Mechanics and Thermodynamics

Type of course: lectures plus laboratory

Level of course: First Degree Course

Year of study: 1st

Duration: trimester

Period: 3° Trimester Spring (April - June)

Number of credits: 5

Name of Lecturer: Rosina Bartucci

Teaching methods: lectures- laboratory

Assessment methods: laboratory (measurement of physical quantities)

Language of instruction: Italian


Objective of course:

Verification of the fundamental laws of mechanics and thermodynamics; measurements of some important physical quantities


Prerequisites:

Introduction to Experimental Methodologies (50900390)

Mechanics (50900386)

Elements of Thermodynamics (50900388)


^ Course contents:

Force and motion; friction; elastic constant of a spring; conservation of mechanical energy; rotational inertia; angular momentum; the angular momentum of a rigid rotating body; temperature; heat and laws of thermodynamics.


Recommended reading:

Handouts are given throughout the course


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^ Course code: 50900594

Course title: Laboratory of Modern Physics

Type of course: lectures-laboratory

Level of course: First Degree Course

Year of study: 3rd

Duration: trimester

Period: 3° Trimester Spring (April - June)

Number of credits: 5

Name of Lecturer: G. Chiarello

Teaching methods: lectures-laboratory

Assessment methods: laboratory test, oral

Language of instruction: Italian


Objective of course:

Verification of the fundamental phenomena of quantum physics


Prerequisites:

Atoms, Molecules and Solids (50900591)

Nuclei and Particles (50900592)

Stars and Galaxies (50900593)


^ Course contents:

Thermal radiation and black-body; photoelectric effect; emission spectra; Franck-Hertz experiment; electron diffraction; Stern-Gerlach experiment; Raman effect.


Recommended reading:

Handouts are given throughout the course


Notes:

24 hours lectures plus 24 hours laboratory


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^ Course code: 50900591

Course title: Atoms, Molecules and Solids

Type of course: lectures

Level of course: First Degree Course

Year of study: 3rd

Duration: trimester

Period: 1° Trimester - Autumn (Oct-Dec)

Number of credits: 5

Name of Lecturer: E. Colavita

Teaching methods: lectures

Assessment methods: written and oral exam

Language of instruction: Italian


Objective of course:

The basic purpose of this course is to introduce students to the properties of atoms, molecules and solids from the point of view of elementary quantum mechanics


Prerequisites:

Mathematical Methods for Physics (50900584)

Introduction to Quantum Physics (50900436)


^ Course contents:

  • The hydrogen atom, magnetic and dipole moments, spin and transition rate, multi-electron atoms, identical particle, the exclusion principle, exchange forces, the Hartree theory, ground states and the Periodic table, multi-electron atoms and optical excitations, alkali atoms;

  • The Born-Oppenheimer approximation for diatomic molecules, the rotation and vibration of diatomic molecules, electronic structures of diatomic molecules, diffusion of radiation by molecules, Raman effect Franck-Condon principle;

  • Elementary crystallography, x-ray diffraction and reciprocal lattice, lattice vibrations, thermal conductivity, the quantum free-electron model, band theory of solids




Recommended reading:

R. Eisberg, R. Resnick. Quantum physics of atoms, molecules, solids, nuclei and particles. J. Wiley and sons: N.Y., 1985.

B.H. Bransden and C.J. Joachain. ^ Physics of atoms and molecules. Longman scientific and technical: Hong-Kong, 1983.


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Course code: 50900581

Course title: Laboratory of Electromagnetism

^ Type of course: Lectures plus laboratory

Level of course: First Degree Course

Year of study: 2nd

Duration: trimester

Period: 2° Trimester - Winter (January - March)

Number of credits: 5

Name of Lecturer: L. Caputi

Teaching methods: lectures-laboratory

Assessment methods: laboratory test-oral

Language of instruction: Italian


Objective of course:

Verification of the fundamental laws of electromagnetism; measurements of some physical constants, circuits.


Prerequisites:

Electrostatics and Magnetostatics (50900577)

Electromagnetism (50900578: Students are strongly advised to take these two courses simultaneously)


^ Course contents:

Conductors and insulators; capacitors; dielectrics; current and resistance; Ohm's law; electric circuits; the ammeter and the voltmeter; RC circuits; induction and self-induction; variable magnetic fields; inductors and inductance; RL circuits


Recommended reading:

A. M. Portis, H. D. Young, Berkley Physics laboratory MC Graw-Hill, Inc, 1971


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^ Course code: 50900580

Course title: Laboratory of Waves

Type of course: lectures plus laboratory

Level of course: First Degree Course

Year of study: 2nd

Duration: trimester

Period: 3° Trimester Spring (April - June)

Number of credits: 5

Name of Lecturer: L. Caputi

Teaching methods: lectures-laboratory

Assessment methods: test laboratory-oral

Language of instruction: Italian


Objective of course:

To give the students an overview of wave phenomena.


Prerequisites:

Laboratory of Electromagnetism (50900581)

Wave Phenomena (50900580: Students are strongly advised to take these two courses simultaneously)

Electromagnetism (50900578)


^ Course contents:

Transverse and longitudinal waves; wave length and the speed of sound; electromagnetic waves; polarization; reflection; refraction; interference; diffraction; Miclelson's interferometer


Recommended reading:

Handouts are given throughout the course


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^ Course code: 50901138

Course title: Dynamics of the Atmosphere

Type of course: lecture

Level of course: First Degree Course

Year of study: 2nd

Duration: trimester

Period: 3° Trimester Spring (April - June)

Number of credits: 5

Name of Lecturer: Luca Sorriso-Valvo

Teaching methods: lectures plus laboratory

Assessment methods: orals

Language of instruction: Italian-English if requested


Objective of course:

Students should understand the basic principles underlying atmospheric dynamics and how the concepts of thermodynamics apply to the formation of clouds.


Prerequisites:

Differential Equations (50900583)

Mechanics (50900386)

Differential Calculus(50900381)


Course contents:

This course covers:

  • general description of the atmosphere;

  • radiative equilibrium for the atmosphere;

  • basics of atmospheric thermodynamics;

  • stability conditions and buoyancy forces;

  • humidity in the atmosphere and condensation;

  • cloud formation;

  • rain drop formation and accretion;

  • Lagrangian and Eulerian approach to fluid dynamics;

  • Navier-Stokes equation in spherical coordinates;

  • hyrostatic and geostrophic approximations;

  • thermal wind equation, fronts;

  • thermodynamic energy equation.




Recommended reading:

Andrews. An Introduction to Atmospheric Physics. Cambridge

Salby. Fundamentals of Atmospheric Physics. Academic Press


Notes:

20 hours lectures + 20 hours laboratory.


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Course code: 50900381

Course title: Differential Calculus

Type of Course: lecture

Level of course: First Degree Course

Year of study: 1st

Duration: trimester

Period: 1° Trimester - Autumn (Oct-Dec)

Number of credits: 5

Name of lecture:

Teaching methods: lectures

Assessment methods: written and oral exams

Language of instruction: Italian


Objectives of course:

Students should be able to

1. calculate limits and derivatives and to determine the plot of real functions of a real variable;

2. determine the summability of real-valued sequences.


Prerequisites:

To attend this course, students must either

  1. Pass the Differential Calculus Placement test which is usually administered the first week of September or, for those who do not pass,

  2. Attend the Preparatory Differential Calculus Course which is over the last two weeks of September, before the beginning of the Autumn Trimester.




^ Course contents:

Real numbers. Real functions of a real variable. Limit of real functions. Real-valued sequences.

Continuous functions. Derivative and differential. Fundamental theorems for differential calculus. Maxima and minima of a function. Taylor series expansion.


^ Recommended reading:

none


Notes: 24 h Lectures + 24 h Tutorials.

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Course code: 50900382

Course title: Integral Calculus

^ Type of course: lecture

Level of course: First Degree Course

Year of study: 1st

Duration: trimester

Period: 2° Trimester - Winter (January - March)

Number of credits: 5

Name of Lecturer:

Teaching methods: lectures

Assessment methods: written and oral exams

Language of instruction: Italian


Objective of course:

Students should be able to:

1. calculate integrals of real functions of a real variable;

2. determine the summability of (and possibly to calculate) improper integrals of real functions of a real variable;

3. calculate multiple integrals;

4. calculate line and surface integrals.


Prerequisites:

Differential Calculus (50900381)


Course contents:

Riemann integration. Fundamental theorem of integration. Integration rules. Primitive functions. Integral dependency on a parameter. Multiple integrals. Line integrals. Surface integrals. Linear differential equations. Differential equations with separable variables. Linear differential equations with constant coefficients. Partial derivatives. Differential forms. Numerical series. Fourier expansion.


^ Recommended reading:

Handouts are given throughout the course


Notes:

24 hours lectures + 24 hours exercises


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Course code: 50900383

Course title: Geometry

^ Type of course: lecture

Level of course: First Degree Course

Year of study: 1st

Duration: trimester

Period: 2° Trimester - Winter (January - March)

Number of credits: 5

Name of Lecturer:

Teaching methods: lectures

Assessment methods: written and oral exams

Language of instruction: Italian


Objective of course:

Students should be able to handle vectors and matrices, to solve linear systems of equations, to represent lines, planes and conics in Cartesian space.


Prerequisites:

None


Course contents:

Cartesian, spherical polar and cylindrical coordinates. Vectors. Complex numbers. Scalar and vector products. Axes rotations. Matrices. Determinants. System of linear equations. Gauss elimination method. Rouché-Capelli’s theorem. Cramer’s rule. Elements of planar and spatial analytical geometry. Conics: classification and properties.


^ Recommended reading:

Handouts are given throughout the course


Notes:

24 hours lectures + 24 hours exercises


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Course code: 50900386

Course title: Mechanics

^ Type of course: lecture

Level of course: First Degree Course

Year of study: 1st

Duration: trimester

Period: 2° Trimester - Winter (January - March)

Number of credits: 5

Name of Lecturer: R. Barberi, A. Bonanno, P. Veltri

Teaching methods: lectures

Assessment methods: written and oral exams

Language of instruction: Italian


Objective of course:

Students should understand the laws of mechanics and their applications to understanding the dynamics of particles and systems.


Prerequisites:

Differential Calculus (50900381)

Integral Calculus (50900382)


^ Course contents:

Vectors. Kinematics in three dimensions. Newton laws , Force, work, power. Conservative forces. Potential energy. Linear momentum. Collisions. Rotational motion. Torque and angular momentum. Elastic forces. Frictional forces. Static equilibrium. Oscillations. Harmonic oscillator . System of particles. Cardinal equations. Rotations of a rigid body around a fixed axis.


^ Recommended reading:

Fundamental University Physics, M. Alonso, E.J. Finn, Addison-Wesley Publishing company, N.Y. 1969, Fundamentals of Physics,-Extended, D. Halliday, R. Resnick, J. Walker,, John Wiley and sons, 1998


Notes:

24 hours lectures + 24 hours exercises


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^ Course code: 50900384

Course title: Linear Algebra

Type of course: lecture

Level of course: First Degree Course

Year of study: 1st

Duration: trimester

Period: 3° Trimester Spring (April - June)

Number of credits: 5

Name of Lecturer:

Teaching methods: lectures

Assessment methods: written and oral exams

Language of instruction: Italian


Objective of course:

Students should be able do deal with linear transformations and with their matrix representation


Prerequisites:

Geometry (50900383)


^ Course contents:

Vector spaces. Vector and affine subspaces. Linear applications. Linear operators. Eigenvalues and eigenvectors. Unitary and orthogonal transformations. Symmetrical, Hermitian, unitary and orthogonal matrices. Diagonalisation of linear operators and matrices. Euclidean spaces. Orthonormal bases. Isometries in plane and in space. Affine applications. Parametric and Cartesian equations of affine subspaces.


^ Recommended reading:

Handouts are given throughout the course


Notes:

24 hours lectures + 24 hours exercises


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Course code: 50900387

Course title: Supplements to Mechanics

^ Type of course: lecture

Level of course: First Degree Course

Year of study: 1st

Duration: trimester

Period: 3° Trimester Spring (April - June)

Number of credits: 5

Name of Lecturer: Prof. Bonanno

Teaching methods: lectures

Assessment methods: written and oral exams

Language of instruction: Italian


Objective of course:

Students should learn the principles of special relativity, Newton’s gravitational theory and the kinetic theory of gases. Moreover, they should be able to describe the motion of rigid bodies.


Prerequisites:

Mechanics (50900386)

Differential Calculus (50900386)

Integral Calculus (50900382)


^ Course contents:

Gravitation theory. Planetary motion. Scattering of particles. Cross section. Rigid body. Gyroscopic effects. Special relativity. Kinetic theory of gases


Recommended reading:

Handouts are given throughout the course


Notes:

24 hours lectures + 24 hours exercises


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^ Course code: 50900388

Course title: Elements of Thermodynamics

Type of course: lecture

Level of course: First Degree Course

Year of study: 1st

Duration: trimester

Period: 3° Trimester Spring (April - June)

Number of credits: 4

Name of Lecturer: A. Bonanno

Teaching methods: lectures

Assessment methods: written and oral exams

Language of instruction: Italian


Objective of course:

Students should learn the principles of thermodynamics and their consequences on the behavior of simple thermodynamic systems.


Prerequisites:

Differential Calculus (50900381)

Integral Calculus (50900382)


^ Course contents:

Temperature. Calorimetry. Laws of ideal gases. Thermodynamic systems and observables. Thermodynamic states. Energy conservation and the first principle. Reversible and irreversible transformations. Second principle. Entropy. Thermodynamic potentials.


^ Recommended reading:

Handouts are given throughout the course


Notes:

24 hours lectures + 8 hours exercises


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Course code: 50900583

Course title: Differential Equations

^ Type of course: lectures

Level of course: First Degree Course

Year of study: 2nd

Duration: trimester

Period: 1° Trimester - Autumn (Oct-Dec)

Number of credits: 5

Name of Lecturer:

Teaching methods: lectures

Assessment methods: written and oral exams

Language of instruction: Italian


Objective of course:

Students should become familiar with differential operators, such as gradients, rotor, divergence,

and be able to solve differential equations with partial derivatives, such as Poisson's and Laplace's equations.


Prerequisites:

Differential Calculus (50900381)

Integral Calculus (50900382)


^ Course contents:

Gradient, divergence, rotor operators. Gauss’ and Stokes’ theorems. Green’s formulae. Determination of a vector field from sources and vortices. Partial derivative equations. Linear partial derivative equations. Laplace’s equation. Poisson’s equation. Method of variable separation.





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