The Sixth Islamic Conference of Culture Ministers icon

The Sixth Islamic Conference of Culture Ministers


Similar
The development of the islamic culture among albanians during the XX...
Šesta mednarodna konferenca (Sixth International Topical Conference)...
Secretary General of the Organization of Islamic Conference...
Proceedings of Sixth International Conference on Indoor Air Quality...
Doctoral thesis in « Language and Culture» (Osaka University (Japan))2006. 3...
Retribution against Heads of State and Prime Ministers...
ST. cyril and st. Methodius may 11, celebrated May...
Conference abstracts serve two purposes: (1) they assure the conference organizers that you are...
Conference Report urkew’s spring conference at Cumberland Lodge...
The Twelfth India Conference was organized on December 24-25, 2008 at Sanskrit Bhawan, Near jnu...
Second Through Sixth Grade Language Arts...
The Castle School Sixth Form...



Загрузка...
страницы:   1   2   3
скачать





The Sixth Islamic Conference of Culture Ministers

Baku, Azerbaijan

Baku, 13-15 October


DELEGATE’S GUIDE

C O N T E N T S


INTRODUCTION………......………………….………………………………………………4


ADMINISTRATIVE ARRANGEMENTS....…………………………………………………5


Airport………….……..……………………...………………………………………………….5

Visas ……………………………………………………………………………………...……..5

Accreditation Procedures……………...……………………..………………………………….5

Accommodations…………..…………………………….………………………………………6

Transportation ……………...…………………………………………………………………...6

Liaison Officers………………….…….………………………………………………………...7

Security………………………………….……………………………………..………………..7

Conference Programme………….…………………………………………………………………….7


^ CONFERENCE CENTER…………………………………………...………………………..7

Venue……………………...…………………………………………………………………….7

Azerbaijan Organizing Committee……….……………………………………………………..7

ISESCO Secretariat………….………………………………………………………………….7

Delegates’ working area……………………………….………………………………………..7

Documents Distribution Centre…………..………………………………………………….….8

Heads of Delegation’s bilateral meeting room …………………….……………………………8

Bilateral meeting rooms ………………………………………….……………………………..8

Interpretation service…………………...………………………………………………………..8

Delegates’ Lounges……………………………………………………………………………...8

Medical Services………………………………………………………………………………...8

Travel Agencies and Ticketing Office……………………………………………………….….8

Transport Office…………………………………………………………………………………8

Souvenir Shop …………………………………………………………………………………..9

Prayer room………………………………………………………….…………………………..9


GENERAL INFORMATION ABOUT AZERBAIJAN …………..…………………..……8

Territory ……………………………………………………….………………………………..8

Population …………………………………..………………………………..………..………..8

Government ……..………………….…………………………………………………………..8

The National Symbols of the Republic of Azerbaijan …...…………….………………..……10

Religion………………………………………………………………………………………..11

Administrative Division ………………………………………………………………………11

Historical Timeline……………………………………………………………………………12

Cultural Policy…………………………………………………………………………………14

Tourism Policy ………………………………………………………………………………..20


^ USEFUL INFORMATION……………………………………………………………..……22

Customs Regulations…………………………………………………………………….….…22

Illegal Drugs……………………………………………………………………………………23

Electricity ……………………………………………………………………………………...23

Water ………………………………………………………………………………………..…23

Smoking Restrictions ……………………………………………………………...…….….…23


Annex 1. Draft Programme ……………………………………..……………………….….…24

Annex 2. Selected hotels ……………………………………..………………………….….…27

Annex 3. Gulustan Palace First Floor……………………………………...…………….….…28

Annex 4. Gulustan Palace Ground Floor……………………………………………….….…...29

Annex 5. Telephone Directory ………………………………………...…….….…..................30

Annex 6. Azerbaijan - English Dictionary ……………………………...……………………..33

INTRODUCTION


The Fifth Islamic Conference of Culture Ministers was held in Tripoli, the city of Libyan on 21-23 November, 2007. According to the Resolution İCCM5/2007/R.5.2 adopted at this conference Baku was proclaimed the Capital of Islamic Culture for 2009 and it was decided to hold the Sixth Islamic Conference of Culture Ministers in 2009 in Baku.

This Ministerial conference will highlight the vital role of cultural policy, cultural tourism and action in fostering understanding among different regions and between cultures: Ministers of Culture from the member states of the Organization of the Islamic Conference and as well as several Ministers representing states in the neighbouring regions of Azerbaijan, 10 European states were invited to explore approaches to cultural policies in the Islamic countries and in other part of the world, intercultural dialogue activities and opportunities for future trans-national co-operation.

The representatives of the member states and observer states of OIC and ISESCO, senior officials from the Council of Europe, UNESCO, ALECSO and other international organisations and foundations, European NGOs, as well as leading international experts in the sphere of cultural policy, intercultural dialogue, heritage, and prominent figures from the arts/ cultural community will take part in the events in Baku.

During the conference the Director General of ISESCO, heads of the delegation from the member states of OIC will make reports and the implementation of cultural strategy for the Islamic World, promotion of cultural strategy for the Islamic World, different activities in the field of culture will be discussed by the participants.

Being situated at the crossroad between the East and the West, the North and the South, Azerbaijan has turned to be a vital bridge between cultures and civilizations. This year we have been celebrating “Baku as a capital of Islamic Culture for 2009” and many cultural events, in particularly on the topic of dialogue among civilizations and cultures are being held in the framework of this Culture Year.

As a continuation of the “Baku process” for intercultural dialogue launched in December 2008 Azerbaijan invited more than 10 member states of the Council of Europe to participate at the Sixth Conference of Ministers of Culture of Islamic countries to be held in Baku on 13-15 October, 2009.

According to the initiative of the Government of Azerbaijan a Ministerial Roundtable on the theme of intercultural dialogue is planned to be organized between the member states of ISESCO and invited member states of the Council of Europe on the first day of the conference, October 13, 2009. This roundtable will give an important opportunity for discussions at ministerial level the promotion of intercultural dialogue and cultural cooperation between different parts of the world.

The conference will be held at the Gulustan Palace. (1, M.Rasulzade Street, Baku AZ 1001, Azerbaijan).

Before the Conference, the 9th Meeting of the Consultative Council in Charge of Implementing the Cultural Strategy of the Islamic World will be held on October 9-10, 2009 in Baku in order to prepare the documentation for the 6th Islamic Conference of Culture Ministers. The meeting will be held at the Qafqaz Point Hotel (K.Kazimzade str. 118)

^ ADMINISTRATIVE ARRANGEMENTS


AIRPORT


There are direct flights to Baku from Aktau, Aleppo, Alma-Ata, Amman, Ankara, Ashgabat, Dubai, Frankfurt, Istanbul, Kiev, London, Milan, Minsk, Moscow, Paris, Prague, Saint Petersburg, Tashkent, Tehran, Tel-Aviv, Tbilisi, Trabzon, Vienna and Urumqi.

Senior officials from the Ministry of Culture and Tourism of the Republic of Azerbaijan will welcome the heads of the delegation upon their arrival at the Heydar Aliyev International Airport. Local liaisons and security officers assigned to the heads of these delegations will also be at the airport. The Azerbaijani Organizing Committee (OC) for the Conference will facilitate entry procedures (through immigration) and Customs clearances for the delegations at the VIP lounge of the airport to be assisted by a member of the delegations and local diplomatic representatives. The telephone number of the VIP lounge in the Heydar Aliyev International Airport is + 99 412 497 26 13.


VISAS


Visa requirements should be completed before the arrival in Azerbaijan. Delegates and media representatives requiring entry visas should submit their application to the respective Azerbaijani diplomatic missions in their region. Delegates and media representatives from those states where there are no diplomatic missions of Azerbaijan will have their entry visas issued upon their arrival at the Heydar Aliyev International Airport.


^ ACCREDITATION PROCEDURES


Accreditation of delegates and identification badges


The Gulustan Palace and the hotels where delegations and media representatives are billeted are deemed secured areas. Access to Gulustan Palace will only be possible with a valid identification badge to be issued upon registration.

Entry to the Gulustan Palace as well as to other official functions shall require that the valid identification badges must be worn visibly at all times inside the building. In addition, delegates and media representatives are requested to cooperate with the required security checks. Access to certain areas of the conference venue will be ascertained through the color-coding of Identification badges which are as follows:


Head of delegation, guests - red

Members of delegation - blue

ISESCO Secretariat - green

Organizing Committee - violet

Local Staff - grey

Security - white

Media - yellow

Floater (access to meeting rooms only) - brown


The security staff on the premises will ensure that only the authorized are allowed entrance to areas with limit or freedom to roam in accordance to the colour of the ID badges. Lost badges are to be reported immediately in person to the Organizing Committee.


^ Accreditation of Security Personnel


In the event a head of a delegation is accompanied by their own security personnel, they are requested to submit a separate letter of authorization/for the said security personnel along with separate participation forms for security personnel and two coloured photos for each form.

^ Accreditation of Media Representatives


Media representatives can submit their application of participation solely via e-mail.

E-mail applications, together with a completed accreditation form should be sent to the Ministry of Culture and Tourism of the Republic of Azerbaijan: khumar_mct@yahoo.com, vasifeyvazzade@gmail.com fax: +99412 493 65 38. The completed participation form can be attached to the e-mail message.


ACCOMMODATIONS


The accommodations of delegations from October 12-16, 2009 will be shouldered by the Republic of Azerbaijan, delimited to the following:

      • OIC Delegation : 2 persons

      • OIC Member States delegations: 3 persons (Head of delegation and 2 members);

      • Arab, Islamic and international organizations: 2 persons (Head of delegation and 1 member);

      • ISESCO delegation: to be determined;

      • Heads of delegation are to be lodged in suites and the members in single rooms.

However it does not include international calls, telexes, faxes, mini-bar consumption and other hotel services as well as personal expenses.

Lodging and local transport may be provided for other members of the delegations (if more than indicated above) in case that they will bear the costs of their accommodation and local transport.

The Hyatt Park Hotel, Hyatt Regency Hotel and Qafqaz Point Hotel are the only official hotels for the housing of the delegation. Details relating to hotel reservations are provided in Annex 2.


TRANSPORTATION


The heads of delegations will be provided with a chauffeur-driven vehicle, exclusively for use at the ISESCO Conference of Culture Ministers, which will be available to them from their arrival at the Heydar Aliyev International Airport until their departure. This vehicle is for the exclusive use of the heads of the delegations.

Only cars provided to the delegations by organizers will be allowed to drive to the entrance of the Gulustan Palace. Other cars will have to park outside the secured area around the Gulustan Palace.

A shuttle service will be made available to the delegates that will take them to and from the official hotels to the Gulustan Palace.


^ LIAISON OFFICERS


An Azerbaijani liaison officer will be assigned to each head of a delegation. Liaison officers will advice and coordinate programme schedules and other matters for the heads of delegation.


SECURITY


24-hours security will be provided at the Gulustan Palace, official hotels and all other venues where the delegates are expected to be present.

Access to meeting rooms and other venues will be restricted to holders of valid identification badges. Access to the meeting room where plenary meetings are held will be possible only with special floater badges.

For all security-related issues, please contact the Organizing Committee or the closest information desk.


^ CONFERENCE PROGRAMME


For the programme of the Sixth Islamic Conference of Culture Ministers see Annex 1. In case of possible change in the programme, all delegations will be duly informed in advance by the ISESCO Secretariat, OC officials, as well as their respective liaison officers.


^ CONFERENCE CENTER


Venue


The venue of the session is at the Gulustan Palace. Meetings will be held in meeting room on the first floor. For the floor plans of the Gulustan Palace see Annex 3 & 4.


Azerbaijan Organizing Committee


The Azerbaijan Organizing Committee (OC), responsible for all on-site arrangement and logistics before and during the Conference is located on the ground floor of Gulustan Palace. For the telephone directory of the Gulustan Palace and Azerbaijan Organizing Committee see Annex 5.


^ ISESCO Secretariat.


The ISESCO Secretariat (coordination for documentation, translators and interpreters) is located on the ground floor of the Gulustan Palace. They are responsible for running conference services of the Islamic conference of Culture Ministers delegates, providing and producing committee materials. Their duties include the interpretation and translation, recording of meetings, editing, reproduction and distribution of conference documents. For the telephone directory of the ISESCO Secretariat see Annex 5.


Delegates working area


The delegates working area can be found in Hall D on the ground floor of the Gulustan Palace. The delegates working area is for the individual use of delegates and is equipped with computers, printers, fax machines, photocopiers, internet access and stationery.


^ Documents distribution centre


Conference documents available for all delegations will be distributed in the document distribution centre. The document distribution centre can be found in HALL F on the first floor of the Gulustan Palace see Annex 3.


Heads of Delegation’s bilateral meeting room


A meeting room for heads of delegations can be found in Hall E on the first floor see Annex 3. This room is exclusively for the use of heads of delegations.


^ Bilateral meeting rooms


Two bilateral meeting rooms will be made available for delegates in Hall D on the ground floor of the Gulustan Palace see Annex 4. For reservations concerning bilateral meeting rooms, delegates should approach Protocol service in Hall D on the ground floor. Advance booking is strictly required to which the preferred time-slot is subject to the availability of the meeting room.


^ Interpretation service


For any media briefings the interpretation service (English, French and Arabic into Azeri and vice versa) will be provided during meeting days in Hall D on the ground floor of the Gulustan Palace. See Annex 4.


Delegates’ Lounge


Delegates’ lounge are located in the Hall F on the first floor. Complimentary tea and coffee will be served in the lounge. See Annex 3.


^ Medical Services


Gulustan Palace and accredited official hotels provide 24-hour medical services. In case of emergencies, delegates and media representatives should contact the information desk in the Gulustan Palace and their official hotel of stay. The medical office in the Gulustan Palace can be found in Hall D on the ground floor. See Annex 4.


Travel Agencies and Ticketing Office


Ticket reservations and flight bookings can be made through the travel agencies and ticketing office located in accredited hotels as well as the travel and ticketing office which can be found in Hall D on the ground floor of the Gulustan Palace, see Annex 4.


^ Transport Office


Transportation can be arranged through the Transport Office which is in Hall D on the ground floor located in the Gulustan Palace (Annex 4).


Souvenir Shop


A souvenir shop is located in Hall D where participants of the conference can avail and purchase various Azerbaijani gift items and souvenirs of Azerbaijan. See Annex 4.


Prayer room


A prayer room will be available in Hall D on the ground floor located in the Gulustan Palace (Annex 4).


^ GENERAL INFORMATION ABOUT AZERBAIJAN


TERRITORY


The Republic of Azerbaijan covers an area of 86,600 square km (forests accounting for 11.5%, water basins-1.6%, sown area-50%, including 27% pastures, 36.9%-other lands). The country extends between longitude 44° and 52° east and latitude 38° and 42°, with Baku situated at the latitude of 40°.

It borders with Iran (765 km) and Turkey (15 km) on the south, Russia on the north (390 km), Georgia-on the north-west (480 km) and Armenia on the west (1007 km). The length of the coastline is 713 km. The distance between Baku and North Pole is 5550 km, the distance between Baku and equator is 4440 km.

The climate is dry, subtropical with hot summers and mild winters. The average temperature during January is 0۫ C to +4۫C and July +25۫ C to +28۫ C.

The Caspian Sea-covers an area of 400 000 square kilometers with a depth of 1,025 meters.
The highest peak - the territory of Azerbaijan is Bazarduzu (4466m).

POPULATION

The population in the Republic of Azerbaijan is 8,500,000 people with 4,500,000 people or 51.5% living in urban areas and 4,011,000 people or 48.5% residing in rural areas.

Men form 49% or 4,058,000 of the population, and women - 51% or 4,207,000.

Azerbaijan is a multinational country with Azerbaijanis comprising of 90.6% of the population. Ethnic groups are: Dagestan is 2.2%, Russians 1.8%, Armenians 1.5%, others 3.9% (Talishes, Jews, Ingiloi, Tatars, Ukrainians, Byelorussians, Udins, and Kurds etc.)

GOVERNMENT


Azerbaijan is a democratic republic. The government is divided into the legislative, executive and judicial branch. Each of them acts in accordance with the constitution and other legislative acts. The constitution of Azerbaijan was adopted on November 12th, 1995. The constitution established Azerbaijan as a democratic, constitutional, secular and unitary republic.

Azerbaijan has a strong executive system. The president is the chief of state, bearing the ultimate responsibility for both internal and external matters of the nation. The president appoints and discharges members of the Cabinet, including the Prime Minister. The President is also the Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces. The president is elected in nationwide general elections for a term of five years and can serve a maximum of two consecutive terms. To be elected, a presidential candidate must receive at least two-thirds of the votes of the participants in the election. If this amount is not ascertained in the first round of elections, a second round is held. During the interim, the Prime Minister performs the duties of the President.

The legislative power is held by Milli Majlis. It is a 125-member unicameral parliament. Members are elected for a 5-year term, all of them stemming from territorial districts. Executive power is carried out by the president, while the judicial power is held by the courts of the Republic of Azerbaijan.

The Republic of Azerbaijan also recognizes state authority in the autonomous Republic of Nakhchevan. The constitution defines the autonomous Republic of Nakhchivan as an autonomous state within the Republic of Azerbaijan. Its legislative power is held by the Supreme Mejilis of the Nakhchevan Autonomous Republic, executive power - by the Cabinet of Ministers of the Nakhchevan Autonomous Republic, and the judicial power is vested in the courts of the autonomous Republic of Nakhchevan. The chair of the Supreme Medjis of Nakhchivan AR is the senior official of the autonomous republic.

The political system of the Republic of Azerbaijan reflects the characteristics of the national and historical profile. Its establishment was and still is influenced by a variety of factors. Another important factor is the political culture of the population. Like all contemporary political systems, the political system of Azerbaijan is characterized by pluralism - the existence of more than one political party. The political parties participate in political life through representatives in the legislative and local self-governing bodies. Major political parties are: New Azerbaijan Party, Popular Front Party, Musavat Party, Azerbaijan Democratic Party, National Independence Party, Social Democratic Party, Communist Party, Islamic Party, plus 52 others parties.

Self-governing municipalities also play an important role in the political system of Azerbaijan. These are newly established, yet highly prospective institutions.

Suffrage age is 18.

^ THE NATIONAL SYMBOLS OF THE REPUBLIC OF AZERBAIJAN

THE NATIONAL FLAG

The flag of the Azerbaijan Republic consists of three horizontal stripes. Top to bottom: blue, red and green. There is a white crescent and an eight-pointed star (Rub El Hizb) in the middle of the red stripe on both sides of the Flag. The proportion of the width to the length is 1 by 2. 

The flag in use is the same as that used by the Azerbaijan Democratic Republic from 1918 until it was occupied by the Soviets in 1920. The eight-pointed star stands for the eight Turkic peoples; light blue is a traditional color of these peoples; green is for Islam; red is for modernization and progress.


T^ HE NATIONAL EMBLEM

The National Emblem of the Azerbaijan Republic symbolizes the independence of Azerbaijan. The national emblem is the image of an oriental shield and a semicircle formed by the branches of an oak-tree and ears resting on it.

The coat of arms of Azerbaijan incorporates the same symbols and colours as the flag, but here acting merely as a frame for the ancient symbol of the land: fire. 

The flames in the center resemble the world "Allah" in Arabic.


^ THE NATIONAL CURRENCY

The national currency of the Republic of Azerbaijan is manat (1 Manat = 1.2 USD).


RELIGION


Since the Republic of Azerbaijan follows the secular form of governance, it mandates no official state religion, thereby allowing for all faiths to practice their religion freely. Following independence during 1991, there has been a revival of Islam and other religions. The majority of Azerbaijanis are Shia Muslims. In a spirit of tolerance, the mosques in Azerbaijan serve both the Shia and the Sunni religious communities. Muslims constitute 93.4% of the population, Russian Orthodox 2.5%, Armenian Orthodox Church 2.3% and others 1.8%.


^ ADMINISTRATIVE DIVISON


Azerbaijan is divided into 76 administrative rayonlar or districts (65 rural districts and 11 cities), and the President appoints the governors of these districts. The cities in Azerbaijan are: Baku, Ali-Bayramli, Ganja, Khankandi, Lankaran, Mingachevir, Naftalan, Quba, Sheki, Shusha and Sumgayit. The local governments of cities Khankandi and Shusha and the districts of Aghdam, Fizuli, Jabrail, Kalbajar, Lachin, Qubadli and Zangilan, which are presently under the illegal occupation of Armenia but nevertheless continues to function in exile.

There are 65 towns, including eight with more than 50, 000 inhabitants. Slightly over half the population lives in urban areas. The capital, Baku, located on the western shore of the Caspian Sea, has a population of over two million. Azerbaijan’s two other main cities are Ganja (300, 000) and Sumgayit (270, 000). Other notable cities include Mingachevir (97,000) and Ali-Bayramli (70,000).

Within Azerbaijan, Nakhchevan is an autonomous republic and consists of seven districts: Babak, Julfa, Ordubad, Kengerli, Sadarak, Shahbuz and Sharur.


^ HISTORICAL TIMELINE


The present day citizens of Azerbaijan are the heirs to a rich history, they are the successors of a long progression of cultures and civilizations. Situated on the western coast of the Caspian Sea, Azerbaijan is located at the strategic crossroads between East and West.

The discovery of the Azykh cave, one of the earliest habitations of humankind to be found in the world, and a number of habitations of the ancient Stone Age gives reason to believe that Azerbaijan is situated in one of the birthplace areas of the mankind. Gobustan, one of the most popular prehistoric cave dwellings excavated in Azerbaijan, is notable for its rock carvings.

The first state that emerged on the territory of Azerbaijan was Aratta in the 3rd Millennium B.C. that was followed by the states named Kutium and Lullubium. In the 9th century B.C., the Manna state emerged with high economic and cultural levels. In the first part of the 6th century B.C., the Manna was soon conquered by the Media where the official religion was Zoroastrianism, the spread of which was connected with Azerbaijan’s bountiful resources of oil and gas.

The 4th century B.C. was marked by the emergence of two Azerbaijani states: Atropatena in the south and Caucasian Albania in the north of Azerbaijan. The name of Atropatena taken from the name of its founder Atropat (satrap of Alexander of Macedonia), which was later changed into defining the name “Azerbaijan”.

By the 2nd century A.D., Caucasian Albania had developed into a major regional power. Its borders were essentially the borders of the present day Azerbaijan, and included the regions of Nakhchevan and Daghliq Garabagh (Mountains Garabagh). The kingdom of Caucasian Albania was home to the first Christian communities in the region. One of the first apostolic Christian churches in South Caucasus appeared in here. Caucasian Albania enjoyed a large degree of autonomy and was virtually an independent state. At the beginning of the 5th century the Albanian alphabet was introduced thus promoting the development of education.

By the beginning of the 8th century, Azerbaijan became a part of the Arab Caliphate. Islam became the dominating religion in Azerbaijan, creating new traditions and culture.

Centuries in medieval times, the Azerbaijani dynasties of Shirvanshahs, Sheddadis, Revvadis, Atabey, Eldegiz, Garagoyunly, Aghgoyunly, and Sefevids ruled in a succession.

Soon after, a rivalry between Russia, Iran and Turkey to involve Azerbaijan into the sphere of their interests resulted in striking internal destabilization in the 18th century. The tug-of-war between the regional powers deepened in the 18th to the 19th centuries where wars were waged over Azerbaijan. The Turkmanchay Treaty of 1828 concluded by Russia and Persia divided Azerbaijan and its people between these two states.

The 20th century marked the period of radical changes in socio-economic, political and cultural life for the Azerbaijani people. The industrial age was intensively developing in Azerbaijan. Baku soon became the world center for oil extraction and refinery. It yielded more than half of the worlds and 95% of Russia’s oil. Baku attracted investors and oil developers from all over the world, among them Alfred Nobel and his brothers. In fact, the fortune that Alfred Nobel acquired in Azerbaijan allowed him to establish the well-known Nobel Prize. In 1907, the Azerbaijani composer Uzeyir Hajibayli composed opera “Leyli and Majnun”, which was the first opera in the Muslim Orient. Formation of political societies, organizations and parties for dissemination of progressive, democratic ideas contributed to the process of developing a national identity and fuelled the growth of the liberation movement of the people.

The fall of the tsarist monarchy in Russia on February 18, 1917, created favorable conditions for the development of national movements in its provinces. On May 28, 1918, Azerbaijan restored its state structure – the independent Azerbaijan Democratic Republic was established in the northern part of Azerbaijan. Newly independent Azerbaijan was the first nation in the region to adopt a secular, democratic form of government. Azerbaijan received de facto recognition by the Allied Powers after World War I as an independent nation in January 1920. Having existed for only 23 months, it collapsed on the 28th of April when the troops of the Soviet Red Army invaded Baku and eventually all of the territory of the northern Azerbaijan and overthrew the government. With the Red Army occupying its territory, Azerbaijan was forcibly incorporated into the Soviet Union on December 30, 1922.

For the next 70 years, Azerbaijan was within the Soviet state in the structure of the Soviet Socialist Republic. The Soviet authorities ceded the Azerbaijani territory of Zangezur to Armenia, thus cutting off the Azerbaijani province of Nakhchivan from the west of Azerbaijan. When Azerbaijan was forcibly annexed into the USSR, its total territory was 114,000 sq. km; on regaining its independence in 1991, Azerbaijan’s territory was 86,600 sq. km.

The late 1980s were characterized by increasing unrest, eventually leading to a violent confrontation with the communist regime when Soviet troops killed hundreds of peaceful demonstrators in Baku on January 20, 1990.

Azerbaijan gained its independence from the Soviet Union on August 30, 1991, when the Constitutional Act of State Independence was adopted. May-June 1993, when, as the result of extreme tension of the governmental crisis, the country was at the verge of civil war and loss of independence, the people of Azerbaijan demanded to bring to power Heydar Aliyev. The then leaders of Azerbaijan were obliged to officially invite Heydar Aliyev to Baku. On 15 June 1993, Heydar Aliyev was elected as the Chairman of the Supreme Soviet of Azerbaijan, and on 24 July - on resolution of the Milli Mejlis, he managed to fulfill powers of the President of Azerbaijan Republic. On October 3, 1993, as the result of nationwide voting, Heydar Aliyev was elected as the President of the Republic of Azerbaijan. The new Constitution of the independent Republic of Azerbaijan was adopted on November 12, 1995. This event marked a new stage in the history of Azerbaijan people – the epoch of democracy and progress. On October 11, 1998, having garnered at the elections, passed in high activeness of the population, 76,1 percent of the votes, he was re-elected as the President of the Republic of Azerbaijan. Heydar Aliyev, giving his consent to be nominated as a candidate at the 15 October 2003 presidential elections, Heydar Aliyev relinquished to run at the elections in connection with health problems.

In October 15, 2003 the Prime minister of the Republic of Azerbaijan. Mr. Ilham Aliyev was elected as the President of the Republic of Azerbaijan. More than 76% of voters supported Ilham Aliyev’s candidacy during the elections. He assumed his post in 31 October 2003.

Ilham Aliyev has been elected to the second term of the President of the Republic of Azerbaijan by gaining 88% of votes of electorate in the elections held on October 15, 2008. He has started to execute the Office of the President of the Republic of Azerbaijan on October 24, 2008.





Download 225.65 Kb.
leave a comment
Page1/3
Date conversion30.09.2011
Size225.65 Kb.
TypeДокументы, Educational materials
Add document to your blog or website

страницы:   1   2   3
Be the first user to rate this..
Your rate:
Place this button on your site:
docs.exdat.com

The database is protected by copyright ©exdat 2000-2017
При копировании материала укажите ссылку
send message
Documents

upload
Documents

Рейтинг@Mail.ru
наверх