Buyers List\" Nature of the “buyers list\" icon

Buyers List" Nature of the “buyers list"


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Analysis of the Operation Gold Seal “Buyers List”

Nature of the “buyers list”



The Operation Gold Seal “buyers list” is built from a combination of paper and electronic records. Paper documents were obtained by investigators during search warrants of the defendants’ homes and offices, while electronic records were found on various electronic internal and external storage media possessed by the defendants. Information from paper documents was loaded into a Microsoft Access database. Not all purchase records contain complete information about a transaction. For example, the name of the “university” to be printed on a customer’s diploma is only present in some of the records.


About a third of the transactions from the defendants’ degree-selling business are available in both the paper and electronic records, as shown in the following table. In the table all transactions for an individual customer have been combined into one record for that customer.


^ Transaction record source(s)

Number of transaction records

Available only in paper records

2,472 records

Available in both paper and electronic records

3,155 records

Available only in electronic records

3,985 records

Total

9,612 records



There is good consistency between the paper and electronic records. This can be seen by constructing two different transaction histories for the defendant’s diploma mill organization (one in which priority is given to paper records and the other in which priority is afforded to electronic records). When the results are compared, there is a relatively small discrepancy (See below table).


^ Transactions used to build sales history

Payments

Revenue

All paper records + electronic records when paper records are unavailable

10,537

$7,369,907

All electronic records + paper records when electronic records are unavailable

10,313

$7,388,164

Difference

224

($18,257)


In the following sections, conclusions are based using all paper records in combination with electronic records, when paper records are unavailable. The reason for using this combination is because it is felt by investigators that the paper documents are likely more reliable.
^

Total number of buyers



From the transaction history we see the following:


Buyers

Number of degrees and related academic documents purchased

Total sales

9,612

10,815

$7,369,907



^

Country totals



Of 9,612 buyers, the shipping address for 9,165 of the buyers were available. The list of countries to which the fraudulent academic products were shipped, indicate a total of 131 different countries. The first table is sorted alphabetically by country name, the second sorted by number of buyers.


^ Sales vs. country, sorted by country name

Line

Abbrev

Country

Buyers

Sales

1

AL

Albania

1

$2,160

2

AG

Antigua and Barbuda

2

$1,436

3

AR

Argentina

5

$7,525

4

AM

Armenia

2

$572

5

AW

Aruba

2

$3,147

6

AU

Australia

52

$59,960

7

AT

Austria

5

$5,412

8

BS

Bahamas

6

$5,968

9

BH

Bahrain

12

$7,523

10

BD

Bangladesh

5

$7,621

11

BE

Belgium

6

$11,558

12

BJ

Benin

1

$835

13

BM

Bermuda

4

$12,618

14

BT

Bhutan

2

$736

15

BO

Bolivia

6

$9,208

16

BA

Bosnia-Herzegovina

5

$5,014

17

BW

Botswana

1

$1,405

18

BR

Brazil

13

$13,888

19

BN

Brunei Darussalam

1

$881

20

CM

Cameroon

3

$4,064

21

CA

Canada

406

$290,608

22

KY

Cayman Islands

3

$3,324

23

CL

Chile

6

$3,985

24

CN

China

6

$3,981

25

CO

Colombia

3

$1,812

26

CR

Costa Rica

3

$3,033

27

CY

Cyprus

8

$5,706

28

CZ

Czech Republic

3

$5,213

29

DO

Dominican Republic

2

$1,630

30

EC

Ecuador

3

$7,173

31

EG

Egypt

13

$15,271

32

SV

El Salvador

4

$5,351

33

ER

Eritrea

2

$198

34

ET

Ethiopia

2

$2,630

35

FI

Finland

2

$1,826

36

FR

France

6

$5,331

37

GA

Gabon

70

$45,738

38

GM

Gambia

1

$2,351

39

DE

Germany

69

$89,282

40

GH

Ghana

19

$31,883

41

GB

Great Britain

148

$132,261

42

GR

Greece

17

$14,741

43

GU

Guam (USA)

3

$2,838

44

GT

Guatemala

2

$1,627

45

GY

Guyana

1

$731

46

HT

Haiti

1

$386

47

HK

Hong Kong

29

$27,537

48

HU

Hungary

2

$936

49

IN

India

80

$71,968

50

ID

Indonesia

11

$8,152

51

IR

Iran

27

$47,964

52

IE

Ireland

14

$17,939

53

IL

Israel

9

$7,542

54

IT

Italy

15

$20,533

55

CI

Ivory Coast (Cote D'Ivoire)

1

$1,429

56

JM

Jamaica

8

$4,831

57

JP

Japan

20

$16,985

58

JO

Jordan

11

$19,704

59

KE

Kenya

14

$14,387

60

KW

Kuwait

16

$18,475

61

LB

Lebanon

13

$20,099

62

LS

Lesotho

1

$795

63

LR

Liberia

6

$1,910

64

LY

Libya

1

$1,185

65

MO

Macau

2

$1,036

66

MK

Macedonia

2

$1,227

67

MG

Madagascar

1

$99

68

MW

Malawi

4

$4,600

69

MY

Malaysia

51

$61,342

70

MU

Mauritius

3

$2,556

71

YT

Mayotte

1

$99

72

MX

Mexico

13

$14,609

73

MA

Morocco

1

$551

74

NA

Namibia

1

$1,906

75

NP

Nepal

13

$6,096

76

NL

Netherlands

10

$10,239

77

AN

Netherlands Antilles

1

$1,647

78

NZ

New Zealand

10

$14,391

79

NG

Nigeria

49

$90,591

80

MP

Northern Mariana Islands

1

$951

81

NO

Norway

1

$1,140

82

OM

Oman

5

$4,844

83

PK

Pakistan

46

$45,103

84

PG

Papua New Guinea

1

$1,010

85

PE

Peru

5

$2,599

86

PH

Philippines

6

$6,442

87

PT

Portugal

18

$22,493

88

PR

Puerto Rico

12

$20,508

89

QA

Qatar

4

$2,199

90

RO

Romania

3

$2,247

91

RU

Russian Federation

1

$3,460

92

RW

Rwanda

2

$789

93

KN

Saint Kitts & Nevis Anguilla

1

$1,495

94

LC

Saint Lucia

1

$1,390

95

VC

Saint Vincent & Grenadines

1

$750

96

SA

Saudi Arabia

69

$89,600

97

SL

Sierra Leone

1

$1,344

98

SG

Singapore

41

$35,766

99

SI

Slovenia

2

$2,851

100

ZA

South Africa

34

$48,604

101

KR

South Korea

28

$18,441

102

ES

Spain

17

$15,333

103

LK

Sri Lanka

4

$4,628

104

SD

Sudan

2

$2,410

105

SR

Suriname

1

$361

106

SE

Sweden

2

$1,772

107

CH

Switzerland

13

$24,542

108

SY

Syria

2

$2,538

109

TW

Taiwan

12

$20,597

110

TZ

Tanzania

4

$12,123

111

TH

Thailand

16

$13,799

112

TG

Togo

1

$975

113

TT

Trinidad and Tobago

4

$5,794

114

TN

Tunisia

1

$690

115

TR

Turkey

5

$9,109

116

TC

Turks and Caicos Islands

1

$99

117

UG

Uganda

3

$11,457

118

AE

United Arab Emirates

65

$100,331

119

UK

United Kingdom

1

$561

120

US

United States

7298

$5,198,320

121

UY

Uruguay

3

$3,048

122

UM

USA Minor Outlying Islands

2

$1,181

123

VE

Venezuela

12

$10,048

124

VN

Vietnam

6

$5,773

125

VG

Virgin Islands (British)

4

$1,709

126

VI

Virgin Islands (USA)

10

$4,151

127

WF

Wallis and Futuna Islands

1

$99

128

EH

Western Sahara

1

$99

129

YE

Yemen

2

$4,065

130

YU

Yugoslavia

6

$3,209

131

ZM

Zambia

6

$11,145

 

 

buyers with identified nationality

9165

$7,137,787



Here is the list sorted by number of buyers in each country.


^ Sales vs. country, sorted by number of buyers

Line

Abbrev

Country

Buyers

Sales

1

US

United States

7298

$5,198,320

2

CA

Canada

406

$290,608

3

GB

Great Britain

148

$132,261

4

IN

India

80

$71,968

5

GA

Gabon

70

$45,738

6

DE

Germany

69

$89,282

7

SA

Saudi Arabia

69

$89,600

8

AE

United Arab Emirates

65

$100,331

9

AU

Australia

52

$59,960

10

MY

Malaysia

51

$61,342

11

NG

Nigeria

49

$90,591

12

PK

Pakistan

46

$45,103

13

SG

Singapore

41

$35,766

14

ZA

South Africa

34

$48,604

15

HK

Hong Kong

29

$27,537

16

KR

South Korea

28

$18,441

17

IR

Iran

27

$47,964

18

JP

Japan

20

$16,985

19

GH

Ghana

19

$31,883

20

PT

Portugal

18

$22,493

21

GR

Greece

17

$14,741

22

ES

Spain

17

$15,333

23

KW

Kuwait

16

$18,475

24

TH

Thailand

16

$13,799

25

IT

Italy

15

$20,533

26

IE

Ireland

14

$17,939

27

KE

Kenya

14

$14,387

28

BR

Brazil

13

$13,888

29

EG

Egypt

13

$15,271

30

LB

Lebanon

13

$20,099

31

MX

Mexico

13

$14,609

32

NP

Nepal

13

$6,096

33

CH

Switzerland

13

$24,542

34

BH

Bahrain

12

$7,523

35

PR

Puerto Rico

12

$20,508

36

TW

Taiwan

12

$20,597

37

VE

Venezuela

12

$10,048

38

ID

Indonesia

11

$8,152

39

JO

Jordan

11

$19,704

40

NL

Netherlands

10

$10,239

41

NZ

New Zealand

10

$14,391

42

VI

Virgin Islands (USA)

10

$4,151

43

IL

Israel

9

$7,542

44

CY

Cyprus

8

$5,706

45

JM

Jamaica

8

$4,831

46

BS

Bahamas

6

$5,968

47

BE

Belgium

6

$11,558

48

BO

Bolivia

6

$9,208

49

CL

Chile

6

$3,985

50

CN

China

6

$3,981

51

FR

France

6

$5,331

52

LR

Liberia

6

$1,910

53

PH

Philippines

6

$6,442

54

VN

Vietnam

6

$5,773

55

YU

Yugoslavia

6

$3,209

56

ZM

Zambia

6

$11,145

57

AR

Argentina

5

$7,525

58

AT

Austria

5

$5,412

59

BD

Bangladesh

5

$7,621

60

BA

Bosnia-Herzegovina

5

$5,014

61

OM

Oman

5

$4,844

62

PE

Peru

5

$2,599

63

TR

Turkey

5

$9,109

64

BM

Bermuda

4

$12,618

65

SV

El Salvador

4

$5,351

66

MW

Malawi

4

$4,600

67

QA

Qatar

4

$2,199

68

LK

Sri Lanka

4

$4,628

69

TZ

Tanzania

4

$12,123

70

TT

Trinidad and Tobago

4

$5,794

71

VG

Virgin Islands (British)

4

$1,709

72

CM

Cameroon

3

$4,064

73

KY

Cayman Islands

3

$3,324

74

CO

Colombia

3

$1,812

75

CR

Costa Rica

3

$3,033

76

CZ

Czech Republic

3

$5,213

77

EC

Ecuador

3

$7,173

78

GU

Guam (USA)

3

$2,838

79

MU

Mauritius

3

$2,556

80

RO

Romania

3

$2,247

81

UG

Uganda

3

$11,457

82

UY

Uruguay

3

$3,048

83

AG

Antigua and Barbuda

2

$1,436

84

AM

Armenia

2

$572

85

AW

Aruba

2

$3,147

86

BT

Bhutan

2

$736

87

DO

Dominican Republic

2

$1,630

88

ER

Eritrea

2

$198

89

ET

Ethiopia

2

$2,630

90

FI

Finland

2

$1,826

91

GT

Guatemala

2

$1,627

92

HU

Hungary

2

$936

93

MO

Macau

2

$1,036

94

MK

Macedonia

2

$1,227

95

RW

Rwanda

2

$789

96

SI

Slovenia

2

$2,851

97

SD

Sudan

2

$2,410

98

SE

Sweden

2

$1,772

99

SY

Syria

2

$2,538

100

UM

USA Minor Outlying Islands

2

$1,181

101

YE

Yemen

2

$4,065

102

AL

Albania

1

$2,160

103

BJ

Benin

1

$835

104

BW

Botswana

1

$1,405

105

BN

Brunei Darussalam

1

$881

106

GM

Gambia

1

$2,351

107

GY

Guyana

1

$731

108

HT

Haiti

1

$386

109

CI

Ivory Coast (Cote D'Ivoire)

1

$1,429

110

LS

Lesotho

1

$795

111

LY

Libya

1

$1,185

112

MG

Madagascar

1

$99

113

YT

Mayotte

1

$99

114

MA

Morocco

1

$551

115

NA

Namibia

1

$1,906

116

AN

Netherlands Antilles

1

$1,647

117

MP

Northern Mariana Islands

1

$951

118

NO

Norway

1

$1,140

119

PG

Papua New Guinea

1

$1,010

120

RU

Russian Federation

1

$3,460

121

KN

Saint Kitts & Nevis Anguilla

1

$1,495

122

LC

Saint Lucia

1

$1,390

123

VC

Saint Vincent & Grenadines

1

$750

124

SL

Sierra Leone

1

$1,344

125

SR

Suriname

1

$361

126

TG

Togo

1

$975

127

TN

Tunisia

1

$690

128

TC

Turks and Caicos Islands

1

$99

129

UK

United Kingdom

1

$561

130

WF

Wallis and Futuna Islands

1

$99

131

EH

Western Sahara

1

$99

 

 

buyers with identified nationality

9165

$7,137,787



The following world map indicates the world reach of fraudulent academic products sold by the defendants. Countries to which degrees were sent are shaded in pink.





U.S. buyers reside in all 50 states, Puerto Rico, Guam, and the U.S. Virgin Islands.





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