California High School Career-Technical Education Courses Meeting University of California a-g admission Requirements for icon

California High School Career-Technical Education Courses Meeting University of California a-g admission Requirements for


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California High School Career-Technical Education Courses Meeting University of California A-G Admission Requirements for

2005-2006


Secondary, Post-Secondary & Adult Leadership Division

California Department of Education

October 1, 2005


Foreword


The primary purpose of this report is to determine how many career-technical education courses meet University of California “a-g” admission requirements. The author utilized the University of California website and reviewed 914 comprehensive high school’s “a-g” admission lists. The findings in this report should provide significant guidance to key audiences including policy makers, district administrators, school site personnel, UC staff, CDE staff, and students of “raising academic expectations” through career-technical education courses.


One of the major obstacles encountered by the author was trying to determine whether or not a specific course was actually taught by a career-technical education teacher. In the areas of Agriculture Education and Home Economics Careers & Technology, courses are tracked by those disciplines within the CDE and therefore are by-in-large taught by career-technical education teachers. However, in the areas of Art, Media & Entertainment, Business Education, Health Careers, and Industrial & Technology Education; no such tracking occurs via course titles. The author relied on career-technical education subject matter consultants within the California Department of Education to determine if a career-technical education teacher could teach a given CTE course found in this study.


Special thanks to the CDE consultants who provided technical support and assistance to this report:


Agriculture Education Dr. Lloyd McCabe (916) 319-0488

Art & Entertainment Don Doyle (916) 323-2469

Art & Entertainment Nancy Carr (916) 445-5669

Business Education Bernie Norton (916) 319-0669

Health Careers Cindy Beck (916) 319-0470

Home Economics Careers & Technology Janice DeBenedetti (916) 323-5025

Industrial & Technology Education Dr. Richard Dahl (916) 319-0460

ROP/C’s Al Tweltridge (916) 327-5711


Lastly, special acknowledgement to Dr. Pat Ainsworth, Director of Secondary, Postsecondary & Adult Leadership Division, California Department of Education; Sue Wilbur, UC Director of Undergraduate Admissions; Jeanne Hargrove, UC High School Articulation Coordinator; Nina Costales, UC Articulation Analyst; and Glenda Gentry, UC “a-g” Guide Coordinator for their efforts in encouraging and promoting the practice of “raising academic expectations” through rigorous career-technical education courses.


^ Evolution of CTE Courses Meeting UC Admission Requirements


The genesis of career-technical education (CTE) courses meeting UC admission requirements started with the passage of Senate Bill 813 (The Educational Reform Act of 1983). This educational legislation ignited a flurry of reform within the high school educational community by mandating specific graduation requirements in English, history, science, mathematics, fine arts/or foreign language, and physical education. Unfortunately, CTE courses were not part of the high school graduation requirement reform movement. However, the Legislature provided a provision within the California Education Code (EC) that stipulated that LEAs were to provide alternative methods for students to meet mandated graduation requirements. EC Section 51225.3(b) states:


“The governing board, with the active involvement of parents, administrators, teachers, and pupils, shall adopt alternative means for students to complete the prescribed course of study which may include practical demonstration of skills and competencies, supervised work experience or other outside school experience, interdisciplinary study, independent study, and credit earned at a postsecondary institution. Requirements for graduation and specified alternative modes for completing the prescribed course of study shall be made available to pupils, parents, and the public.”


The passage of this EC Section allowed CTE educators to design integrated courses that could meet graduation requirements in many of these mandated academic areas. During the same timeframe, State Superintendent of Public Instruction Bill Honig called on all educators to “raise academic expectations” within their curriculum. This clarion call to action by Honig solidified the notion within the vocational educational community that CTE teachers should infuse and reinforce academics within their respective courses. In 1990, with the reauthorization of the Carl D. Perkins Career and Technical Education Act, academic integration of CTE courses would become a cornerstone of this federal initiative.


While the record is not entirely clear, the first known CTE courses to meet UC admission requirements came from two agriculture programs located in the San Joaquin Valley. Exeter High School submitted a Plant & Animal Physiology course that was approved to meet the "d’ or laboratory science requirement in 1983. Chowchilla Union High School submitted three courses in Agriculture & Physical Science, Plant Botany, and Animal Physiology, which were approved to meet the "F" or elective admission requirement in 1985.


In 2003, State Superintendent of Public Instruction Jack O’Connell became the first state official to openly urge CTE educators to develop rigorous, standards-based CTE courses that could meet UC admission requirements. O’Connell’s encouragement has led to the dramatic increases of CTE courses meeting UC “a-g” admission requirements that we have witnessed at this time.


^ The Trend of CTE Courses Meeting UC Admission Requirements


The California Department of Education (CDE) has been tracking the number of CTE courses that meet UC admission requirements over the last six years. Based on this tracking, there has been a dramatic increase of the number of CTE courses meeting UC “a-g” admission requirements. The data below supports this assertion:


School Year A2 = AG BUS HC HE ITE OT AE


2005-06 4021 = 667 408 575 120 314 03 1934

2004-05 3336 = 544 358 522 99 1813* NR NR

    1. 1984 = 449 257 277 57 944* NR NR

    1. 340** = 340 NR NR NR NR NR NR

    1. 289** = 289 NR NR NR NR NR NR

    1. 258** = 258 NR NR NR NR NR NR


A2 = Total number of CTE courses that meet UC “a-g” admission requirements during that year

NR= Not Recorded


* ITE & AE courses were combined

** Only agriculture courses were tracked during those years


In relationship to all UC approved courses and all academic & career-technical courses available in the comprehensive high school, the following trends emerge:


School Year A2 B2 C2 D2 E2 F2


2005-06 4021 NA NA NA NA NA

    1. 3336 25,410** 13.1% 831,463 216,793 26.1%

    1. 1984 26,291** 07.5% 817,265 215,272 26.3%

    1. 340* 32,456 01.0% 845,152 205,338 24.3%

    1. 289* 29,768 00.9% 816,590 187,424 22.9%

    1. 258* 29,461 00.8% 792,090 187,517 23.6%


A2 = Total number of CTE courses that meet UC “a-g” admission requirements during that year

B2 = Total number of CTE courses taught during that year in high schools

C3 = Percent of all CTE courses that are UC approved

D2 = Total number of academic, specialized, and career-technical courses taught during that year

E2 = Total number of UC approved courses in all subject areas in high schools

F2 = Percent of all high school courses that are UC approved

NA= Not available at this time

** Does not include those CTE courses in the industry sector of Arts, Media & Entertainment


^ 2005 Analysis in Agriculture Education


Statewide Analysis


The number of UC approved secondary Agriculture Education courses statewide increased from 548 to 667 courses or an increase of 17.8% compared to last year. 80.2% of all agriculture programs statewide have one or more UC approved agriculture courses. Of the 914 comprehensive high schools in California, 280 or 30.6% have one or more UC approved agriculture courses.


UC A-G Requirements


In analyzing the A-G admission requirements, agriculture courses have been approved for all areas except “C-Mathematics” and “E-Language Other Than English.” There were substantial increases from the previous year in courses approved in the: D-Laboratory Science (19.3%) and G-Elective (25.3%) admission areas. In terms of courses approved by admission category, listed below are the figures:


Admission Category Courses % of Total


A-History/Social Science 21 03.2%

B-English 07 01.1%

C-Mathematics 00 00.0%

D-Laboratory Science 243 36.4%

E-Language Other Than English 00 00.0%

F-Visual Performing Arts 01 00.1%

G-College Preparatory Elective 395 59.2%

Totals 667 100%


In terms of specific courses approved, listed below are the top 15 Agriculture Education courses approved by the UC system for admission purposes:


1. Integrated and/or Agricultural Biology 204

2. Veterinary Science 46

3. Agriculture Science II 35

4. Agricultural Economics 29

5. Animal Science 22

6. Environmental Horticulture Science 21

7. Integrated Animal Science 20

8. Agriculture Business & Economics 18

9. Plant & Soil Science 18

10. Agriculture Science I 14

11. Animal & Plant Physiology 12

12. Agriculture Government & Economics 11

13. Agriculture & Physical Science 11

14. Agricultural Chemistry 10

15. Animal Physiology & Anatomy 09


2005 Analysis in Business Education


Statewide Analysis


The number of UC approved secondary Business Education courses statewide increased from 358 to 408 courses or an increase of 12.3% compared to last year. Of the 914 comprehensive high schools in California, 262 or 28.7% have one or more UC approved Business Education courses.


UC A-G Requirements


In analyzing the A-G admission requirements, Business Education courses have been approved in the B, F & G Admission requirement areas. There were substantial increases from the previous year in courses approved in the: F-Visual Performing Arts (33.3%) and G-Elective (11.2%) admission areas. In terms of courses approved by admission category, listed below are the figures:


Admission Category Courses % of Total


A-History/Social Science 00 00.0%

B-English 04 01.0%

C-Mathematics 00 00.0%

D-Laboratory Science 00 00.0%

E-Language Other Than English 00 00.0%

F-Visual Performing Arts 21 05.1%

G-College Preparatory Elective 383 93.9%

Totals 408 100%


In terms of specific courses approved, listed below are the top 15 Business Education courses approved by the UC system for admission purposes:


1. Computer Science 1-2 46

2. International Relations 39

3. Economics of Business Ownership 19

4. Computer Science 18

5. Money and Banking 16

6. Advertising Design 14

7. Applied Economics 14

8. Computer Science 3-4 13

9. Law & Order and Public Policy 13

10. Product Development 13

11. Virtual Enterprise 12

12. Advanced Computer Science 10

13. Economics – Virtual Business 10

14. Topics in Global Economics & Finance 10

15. Law & Society 08


2005 Analysis in Health Careers


Statewide Analysis


The number of UC approved secondary Health Careers courses statewide increased from 523 to 575 courses or an increase of 9.0% compared to last year. Of the 914 comprehensive high schools in California, 414 or 45.3% have one or more UC approved Health Careers courses.


UC A-G Requirements


In analyzing the A-G admission requirements, Health Careers courses have been approved in the B, C, D, E & G Admission requirement areas. There were substantial increases from the previous year in courses approved in the: D-Laboratory Science (7.1%) and G-Elective (15.4%) admission areas. In terms of courses approved by admission category, listed below are the figures:


Admission Category Courses % of Total


A-History/Social Science 00 00.0%

B-English 04 00.7%

C-Mathematics 04 00.7%

D-Laboratory Science 422 73.4%

E-Language Other Than English 02 00.3%

F-Visual Performing Arts 00 00.0%

G-College Preparatory Elective 143 24.9%

Totals 575 100%


In terms of specific courses approved, listed below are the top 15 courses in Health Careers approved by the UC system for admission purposes:


1. Anatomy & Physiology 229

2. Human Anatomy & Physiology 77

3. Biotechnology 48

4. Chemistry in the Community 36

5. Sports Medicine 28

6. Human Biology 15

7. Advanced Topics in Medicine 14

8. Advanced Topics in Medical Research 13

9. Human Physiology 13

10. Forensic Science 10

11. Forensic Research 08

12. Medical Technology 07

13. Human Anatomy 05

14. Principles of Biotechnology 05

15. Kinesiology/Sports Medicine 04


2005 Analysis in Home Economics Careers & Technology


Statewide Analysis


The number of UC approved secondary Home Economics Careers & Technology courses statewide increased from 99 to 120 courses or an increase of 17.5% compared to last year. Of the 914 comprehensive high schools in California, 91 or 9.9% have one or more UC approved Home Economics Careers & Technology courses.


UC A-G Requirements


In analyzing the A-G admission requirements, Home Economics Careers & Technology courses have been approved in the D, F & G Admission requirement areas. There were substantial increases from the previous year in courses approved in the: F-Visual Performing Arts (17.4%) and G-Elective (17.9%) admission areas. In terms of courses approved by category, listed below are the figures:


Admission Category Courses % of Total


A-History/Social Science 00 00.0%

B-English 00 00.0%

C-Mathematics 00 00.0%

D-Laboratory Science 02 01.6%

E-Language Other Than English 00 00.0%

F-Visual Performing Arts 23 19.2%

G-College Preparatory Elective 95 79.2%

Totals 120 100%


In terms of specific courses approved, listed below are the top 15 Home Economics Careers & Technology courses approved by the UC system for admission purposes:


1. Developmental Psychology of Children 33

2. Child Development 13

3. Fashion Design & History 07

4. Developmental Psychology of Children & Adolescents 06

5. Introduction to Teaching & Learning 06

6. Environmental Design 05

7. Child Development & Psychology 04

8. Economics Education for Consumers 04

9. Fiber Art/Design 03

10. Introduction to Teaching 03

11. Designing for the Human Environment 02

12. Early Childhood Studies 02

13. Family Sociology 02

14. Principles of Development & Psychology for Children 02

15. Textile Design-Fashion & Furnishings 02


2005 Analysis in Industrial & Technology Education


Statewide Analysis


The number of UC approved secondary Industrial & Technology Education courses statewide decreased from 1815 to 314 courses. The decrease is due to separating the Art & Entertainment Sector courses out of the ITE Sector. Of the 914 comprehensive high schools in California, 179 or 19.5% have one or more UC approved Industrial & Technology Education courses.


UC A-G Requirements


In analyzing the A-G admission requirements, Industrial & Technology Education courses have been approved in the C, D, F & G admission requirement areas. In terms of courses approved by category, listed below are the figures:


Admission Category Courses % of Total


A-History/Social Science 00 00.0%

B-English 00 00.0%

C-Mathematics 01 00.3%

D-Laboratory Science 16 05.1%

E-Language Other Than English 00 00.0%

F-Visual Performing Arts 156 49.7%

G-College Preparatory Elective 141 44.9%

Totals 314 100%


In terms of specific courses approved, listed below are the top 15 Industrial & Technology Education courses approved by the UC system for admission purposes:


1. Architectural Design 1-2 71

2. Engineering 1-4 24

3. Principles of Technology 15

4. Principles of Engineering 1-4 13

5. Engineering Technology 13

6. Architectural Design 3-4 10

7. Bioengineering 09

8. Drafting & Design 09

9. Chemical Engineering Technology 08

10. Digital Imaging Production 08

11. Information Technology in a Global Society 08

12. Pre-engineering 08

13. Pre-engineering & Design 1-2 07

14. Architectural Drafting & Design 1-4 06

15. Introduction to Engineering Design 05


2005 Analysis in Art, Media & Entertainment


Statewide Analysis


The number of UC approved secondary Art, Media & Entertainment courses statewide increased to 1934. Of the 914 comprehensive high schools in California, 630 or 68.3% have one or more UC approved Art & Entertainment courses.


UC A-G Requirements


In analyzing the A-G admission requirements, Art, Media & Entertainment courses have been approved in the B, F & G admission requirement areas. Most Art & Entertainment courses (98.6%) are found in the F-Visual Performing Arts admission area. In terms of courses approved by category, listed below are the figures:


Admission Category Courses % of Total


A-History/Social Science 00 00.0%

B-English 04 00.2%

C-Mathematics 00 00.0%

D-Laboratory Science 00 00.0%

E-Language Other Than English 00 00.0%

F-Visual Performing Arts 1906 98.6%

G-College Preparatory Elective 24 01.2%

Totals 1934 100%


In terms of specific courses approved, listed below are the top 15 Art, Media & Entertainment courses approved by the UC system for admission purposes:


1. Photography 1 227

2. Photography 2 154

3. Beginning Photography 138

4. Advanced Photography 80

5. Play Production 76

6. Photography 1-2 75

7. Video Production 1 57

8. Computer Graphics 1-2 52

9. Digital Imaging 1-2 51

10. Filmmaking 1-2 48

11. Photography 3 38

12. Photography 3-4 38

13. Photography 5-8 34

14. Digital Art 1-6 33

15. Design Mixed Media 1-4 33


2005 Analysis in Other Career-Technical Industry Sectors


Statewide Analysis


The number of UC approved secondary Other Career-Technical Industry Sectors courses statewide increased from 0 to 3 courses. Of the 914 comprehensive high schools in California, 3 or 0.03% have one or more UC approved Other Career-Technical Industry Sectors courses.


UC A-G Requirements


In analyzing the A-G admission requirements, Other Career-Technical Industry Sectors courses have been approved in the D & G admission requirement areas. In terms of courses approved by category, listed below are the figures:


Admission Category Courses % of Total


A-History/Social Science 00 00.0%

B-English 00 00.0%

C-Mathematics 01 00.0%

D-Laboratory Science 01 33.3%

E-Language Other Than English 00 00.0%

F-Visual Performing Arts 00 00.0%

G-College Preparatory Elective 02 66.7%

Totals 314 100%


In terms of specific courses approved, listed below are the top 15 Other Career-Technical Industry Sectors courses approved by the UC system for admission purposes:


1. Education & Power 01

2. Physics of Earth & Aerospace 01

3. Space Technologies Math 01

4. None Available 00

5. None Available 00

6. None Available 00

7. None Available 00

8. None Available 00

9. None Available 00

10. None Available 00

11. None Available 00

12. None Available 00

13. None Available 00

14. None Available 00

15. None Available 00


Summary of California High School Career-Technical Education (CTE) Courses Meeting University of California

A-G Admission Requirements from 2005-06


Categories AG BUS HC HE IT AE OT Totals


Number of Schools with 280 262 414 091 179 630 003 ---

UC Approved CTE Courses


Number of CTE Courses 21 00 00 00 00 00 00 21

Meeting the ^ A –

History/Social Science


Number of CTE Courses 07 04 04 00 00 04 00 19

Meeting the B – English


Number of CTE Courses 00 00 04 00 01 00 00 05

Meeting the ^ C – Mathematics


Number of CTE Courses 243 00 422 02 16 00 01 684

Meeting the D –

Laboratory Science


Number of CTE Courses 00 00 02 00 00 00 00 02

Meeting the ^ E –

Language Other Than English


Number of CTE Courses 01 21 00 23 156 1906 00 2107

Meeting the F –

Visual Performing Arts


Number of CTE Courses 395 383 143 95 141 024 02 1183

Meeting the ^ G – College

Preparatory Elective


Total Number of UC 667 408 575 120 314 1934 03 4021

Approved CTE Courses


Number of Schools with No --- --- --- --- --- --- --- 085

UC Approved Career-

Technical Courses Offered


Number of Schools Unable --- --- --- --- --- --- --- 010

to Retrieve Information or

New School – No Listing


Total High Schools Reviewed --- --- --- --- --- --- --- 914


^ Listing of Different Types of Agriculture Education Courses that Meet University of California A-G Admission Requirements


As of September 1, 2005, the below listed 85 courses can be verified by accessing the University of California’s website:




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