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Maxillopoda

BRANCHYURA

JOSÉ CELSO MALTA

Departamento de Biologia Aquática

Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas da Amazônia - INPA

Class Branchiura Thorell, 1864

Family Argulidae Leach, 1819

Genus Argulus Muller, 1785

Argulus amazonicus Malta & Silva, 1986

Description and diagnosis: Malta & Silva, 1986: 485.

References: Malta & Silva, 1986: 485, pls. 1-2, figs. 1-10.

Geographic distribution: Brazil (AM).

Comments: Parasite of Cichla ocellaris and C. temensis.


Argulus carteri Cunnington, 1931

Description and diagnosis: Cunnington, 1931: 261.

References: Cunnington, 1931: 259, pls. 14-15, figs. 8-14; Brehm & Thomsen, 1936: 217; Ringuelet, 1943: 95; Yamaguti, 1963: 322, pl. 318, fig. 3; Malta, 1981: 74; Lemos de Castro, 1985: 9; Thatcher, 1991: 492, pl. 9, figs. 4a-c.

^ Geographic distribution: Brazil and Paraguay.

Comments: Parasite of Hoplias malabaricus (described from only one specimen).


Argulus elongatus Heller, 1857

Description and diagnosis: Heller, 1857: 106; Thiele, 1904: 42.

References: Heller, 1857: 106, pl. 3, figs. 1-4; Thorell, 1865: 63; Wilson, 1902: 722, pl. 22, fig. 61; Thiele, 1904: 42, figs. 102-109; Moreira, 1912: 146; 1913: 8, pl. 2, fig. 2; Ringuelet, 1943: 94; 1948: 294; Malta, 1981: 74; Thatcher, 1991: 492, pl. 9, fig. 9.

Geographic distribution: Brazil.

Comments: Unknown host.


Argulus juparanaensis Lemos de Castro, 1950

Description and diagnosis: Lemos de Castro, 1950: 245; Malta, 1981: 48.

References: Lemos de Castro, 1950: 245, pls. 1-2, figs. 1-12; Yamaguti, 1963: 324, pl. 321, fig. 7; Malta, 1981: 31, pl. 7, figs. 15-16; 1982a: 701, pl. 1, figs. 3-4; Lemos de Castro, 1985: 9; Thatcher, 1991: 492, pl. 9, figs. 2a-d, 17.

Geographic distribution: Brazil (AM, ES).

Comments: Parasite of Pachyurus squamipinnis, Astyanax bimaculatus, Megalodoras sp., and Pseudoplatystoma fasciatum.




Argulus multicolor Stekhoven, 1937

Description and diagnosis: Stekhoven, 1937: 16; Malta, 1981: 65.

References: Stekhoven, 1937: 16, pl. 2, figs. 9-14; Ringuelet, 1943: 95; 1948: 294; Lemos de Castro, 1949: 1, pls. 1, 3, figs. 1-8; 1951: 159, pls. 1-2, figs. 1-8; Yamaguti, 1963: 325, pl. 321, fig. 3; Weibezhan & Cobo, 1964: 125, pls. 9-10; Malta, 1981: 31, pl. 7, figs. 13-14; 1983: 489; Lemos de Castro, 1985: 9; Thatcher, 1991: 492, pl. 9, fig. 14.

Geographic distribution: Brazil (AM, PA, MT) and Venezuela.

Comments: Parasite of Rhaphiodon vulpinus, Serrasalmus nattereri, Colossoma macropomum, Cichla temensis, and Geophagus jurupari.


Argulus nattereri Heller, 1857

Synonymy: Ringuelet, 1943: 57.

Description and diagnosis: Heller, 1857: 103; Ringuelet, 1943: 57.

References: Heller, 1857: 103, pl. 2, figs. 4-12; Kroyer, 1863: 97, pl. 1, fig. 3a-d; Thorell, 1865: 60; Wilson, 1902: 720, pl. 22, fig. 63; Thiele, 1904: 23, figs. 43-52; Moreira, 1912: 146; 1913: 8, pl. 2, fig. 1; Lahille, 1926: 10, fig. 3 (as A. silvestrii); Meehean, 1940: 502, fig. 37 (as A. salminei); Ringuelet, 1943: 57, pl. 3, figs. 1-6, pl. 13, fig. 6; Wilson, 1944: 573, pl. 24, figs. 74-78; Ringuelet, 1948: 281; Yamaguti, 1963: 325; Malta, 1981: 74; Lemos de Castro, 1985: 9; Thatcher, 1991: 492, pl. 9, figs. 5-6.

^ Geographic distribution: Brazil (MS, SP, PR) and Argentina.

Comments: Parasite of Pseudoplatystoma coruscans, Salminus brevidens, and Salminus maxilosus.


Argulus pestifer Ringuelet, 1948

Description and diagnosis: Ringuelet, 1948: 283; Malta, 1981: 66.

References: Ringuelet, 1948: 285, pls. 1-4, figs. 1-5; Yamaguti, 1963: 326, pl. 322, fig. 1; Malta, 1981: 31, pl. 9, figs. 17-18; 1983: 489; Lemos de Castro, 1985: 9; Thatcher, 1991: 492, pl. 9, fig. 31.

Geographic distribution: Brazil (AM) and Argentina.

Comments: Parasite of Salminus maxilosus, Pseudoplatystoma tigrinum, and P. fasciatum.


Argulus salminei Kroyer, 1863

Description and diagnosis: Kroyer, 1863: 89; Ringuelet, 1943: 54.

References: Kroyer, 1863: 89, pl. 1, fig. 1a-f; Thorell, 1865: 61 (as A. salmini); Wilson, 1902: 720, pl. 22, fig. 64; Thiele, 1904: 26, figs. 59-63; Moreira, 1912: 145, pl. 3, fig. 1; 1913: 7, pl. 1, fig. 1; Lahille, 1926: 10, pl. 1, figs. 1-7; Wilson, 1924: 4, pl. 1, figs. 1-5 (as A. paulensis); Ringuelet, 1940: 107 (as A. salmini); Meehean, 1940: 502, fig. 37a-c; Thomsen, 1942: 41, pl. 2, figs. 1-15 (as A. salmini); Ringuelet, 1943: 54, pl. 2, figs. 1-6; 1948: 294; Bouvier, 1953: 426, figs. e-f (as A. paulensis); Yamaguti, 1963: 327, pl. 317, fig. 6 (as A. salmini); Malta, 1981: 74; Lemos de Castro, 1985: 9 (also as A. paulensis); Thatcher, 1991: 493, pl. 9, figs. 10, 18 (as A. salmini).

Geographic distribution: Brazil (MT, MG, SP) and Argentina.

Comments: Parasite of Salminus brevidens and S. maxilosus.





Argulus spinulosus Silva, 1980

Description and diagnosis: Silva, 1980: 15.

References: Silva, 1980: 15, pls. 1-2, figs. 1-19; Malta, 1981: 74; Lemos de Castro, 1985: 9; Thatcher, 1991: 493, pl. 9, fig. 7a-d.

Geographic distribution: Brazil (SC, RS).

Comments: Parasite of Hoplias malabaricus.

Genus Dolops Audouin, 1837

Dolops bidentata (Bouvier, 1899)

Synonymy: Bouvier, 1899a: 63.

Description and diagnosis: Bouvier, 1899a: 63; Malta, 1981: 39.

References: Bouvier, 1899a: 63, figs. 2-5; 1899b: 40 (as Gyropeltis bidentata); Wilson, 1902: 736, pl. 27, fig. 88; Ringuelet, 1943: 97; 1948: 295; Lemos de Castro, 1950: 251; Malta, 1981: 31; 1982b: 524, figs. 4-5.

Geographic distribution: French Guiana and Brazil (AM).

Comments: Parasite of Astronotus ocellatus, Colossoma bidens, Prochilodus nigricans, Rhytiodus microlepis, Schizodon fasciatum, Serrasalmus nattereri, and Symbranchus marmoratus.


Dolops carvalhoi Lemos de Castro, 1949

Description and diagnosis: Lemos de Castro, 1949: 4; Malta, 1981: 31.

References: Lemos de Castro, 1949: 4, pls. 2, 4-5, figs. 9-20, 23-26; Yamaguti, 1963: 330, pl. 330, fig. 1a-e; Weibezahn & Cobo, 1964: 123, pls. 1-2 (as D. geayi); Malta, 1981: 31; Malta & Varella, 1983: 299; Lemos de Castro, 1985: 9; Thatcher, 1991: 493.

^ Geographic distribution: Venezuela and Brazil (AM, MT).

Comments: Parasite of Colossoma macropomum, Pellona castellneana, Phractocephalus hemiliopterus, Pseudoplatystoma tigrinum, P. fasciatum, Rhaphiodon vulpinus, and Pygocentrus nattereri.


Dolops discoidalis (Bouvier, 1897)

Synonymy: Bouvier, 1899a: 75.

Description and diagnosis: Bouvier, 1897: 18, Malta, 1981: 34.

References: Bouvier, 1897: 18, figs. 6-7 (as Gyropeltis kollari); 1899a: 75, figs. 15-18; 1899b: 39 (as G. discoidalis); Wilson, 1902: 739; Moreira, 1912: 148; 1913: 9, pl. 1, fig. 2; Stekhoven, 1937: 20, figs. 15-18; Carvalho, 1939: 109, pl. 1, figs. 1-2; Ringuelet, 1948: 295; Yamaguti, 1963: 331; Weibezhan & Cobo, 1964: 123, pls. 3-4; Malta, 1981: 31, pl. 3, figs. 5-6; 1982b: 521, figs. 2-3; Lemos de Castro, 1985: 9; Thatcher, 1991: 493, pl. 9, figs. 15, 28-30.

^ Geographic distribution: Venezuela, Brazil (AM, PA, MT, GO), and Argentina.

Comments: Parasite of Arapaima gigas, Astronotus ocellatus, Hemisorubim sp., Hoplerytrinus unitaeniatus, Leiarius marmoratus, Phractocephalus hemiliopterus, Platystoma sp., Pseudoplatystoma tigrinum, and P. fasciatum.





Dolops geayi (Bouvier, 1897)

Synonymy: Bouvier, 1899a: 17.

Description and diagnosis: Bouvier, 1897: 13, Ringuelet, 1943: 81.

References: Bouvier, 1897: 13, figs. 1-5; 1899a: 17, figs. 23-30, 39-40; Wilson, 1902: 736, pl. 25, fig. 78; Cunnington, 1931: 260, pl. 14, figs. 5-7. Ringuelet, 1940: 107; 1943: 81, pl. 11, figs. 1-3; 1948: 289; Yamaguti, 1963: 331, pl. 331, fig. 3a-c; Malta, 1981: 31, pl. 2, figs. 3-4; 1982a: 701, pl. 1, figs. 1-2; Lemos de Castro, 1985: 9; Thatcher, 1991: 493.

^ Geographic distribution: Venezuela, French Guiana, Brazil (AM), Paraguay, and Argentina.

Comments: Parasite of Aequidens pulcher, Astronotus ocellatus, Crenicichla geayi, Crenicichla sp., Hoplias malabaricus, Megalodoras sp., and Salminus maxilosus.


Dolops intermedia Silva, 1978

Description and diagnosis: Silva, 1978: 3.

References: Silva, 1978: 3, pl. 6, figs. 1-17; Malta, 1981: 74; Lemos de Castro, 1985: 9.

Geographic distribution: Brazil (RS).

Comments: Parasite of Hoplias malabaricus and Crenicichla sp.


Dolops kollari (Heller, 1857)

Synonymy: Bouvier, 1899a: 71.

Description and diagnosis: Heller, 1857: 102; Bouvier, 1899a: 71.

References: Heller, 1857: 102, pls. 1-2, figs. 20-21, 1-3; Kroyer, 1863: 103; Thorell, 1865: 64; Bouvier, 1899a: 71, figs. 11-14; Wilson, 1902: 732, pl. 25, fig. 77; Thiele, 1904: 9, figs. 1-7; Moreira, 1912: 148; 1913: 10, pl. 2, fig. 3; Stekhoven, 1937: 20; Ringuelet, 1943: 96; 1948: 295; Yamaguti, 1963: 331; Malta, 1981: 74; Lemos de Castro, 1985: 9; Thatcher, 1991: 494, pl. 9, fig. 26.

Geographic distribution: Brazil.

Comments: Unknown host.


Dolops longicauda (Heller, 1857)

Synonymy: Ringuelet, 1943: 76.

Description and diagnosis: Heller, 1857: 101; Ringuelet, 1943: 76.

References: Heller, 1857: 101, pl. 1, figs. 1-19; Cornalia, 1860: 161, pl. 2, figs. 1-18 (as Gyropeltis dorsadis); Kroyer, 1863: 99, pl. 1, fig. 4a-e (as G. longicauda); Thorell, 1865: 64 (as G. longicauda and G. dorsadis); Bouvier, 1899a: 21, figs. 31, 38, 41-42 (as D. longicauda and D. dorsadis); Wilson, 1902: 732, pl. 25, figs. 75-76; Thiele, 1904: 14, figs. 16-25; Moreira, 1912: 149, pl. 3, fig. 3; 1913: 10, pl. 5, fig. 1; Lahille, 1926: 11, pl. 1, figs. 8-9 (as D. dorsadis); Carvalho, 1939: 110, pl. 1, figs. 3-4; Ringuelet, 1940: 107 (as D. dorsadis); Thomsen 1942: 37, pl. 1, figs. 1-16 (as D. dorsadis); Ringuelet, 1942: 4; 1943: 76, pl. 9, figs. 1-4; Brian, 1947: 355; Ringuelet, 1948: 290; Bouvier, 1953: 424, pl. 1, fig. d; Yamaguti, 1963: 330, pl. 331, figs. 1, 2a-d (as D. longicauda and D. dorsadis); Malta, 1981: 74; Lemos de Castro, 1985: 9; Thatcher, 1991: 494, pl. 9, fig. 25a-b.

^ Geographic distribution: Brazil (MT, SP, PR, RS), Uruguay, and Argentina.

Comments: Parasite of Salminus brevidens, S. maxilosus, S. curvieri, Pterodoras granulosus, Oxydoras kneri, Pygocentrus nattereri, Pseudoplatystoma coruscans, and Potamatrygon sp.

Dolops nana Lemos de Castro, 1950

Description and diagnosis: Lemos de Castro, 1950: 249.

References: Lemos de Castro, 1950: 249, pl. 3, figs. 13-20; Yamaguti, 1963: 331, pl. 332, fig. 1; Malta, 1981: 74; Lemos de Castro, 1985: 9; Thatcher, 1991: 494, pl. 9, fig. 23a-d.

Geographic distribution: Brazil (MG).

Comments: Parasite of Salminus sp. (described from only one specimen).


Dolops striata (Bouvier, 1899 )

Synonymy: Bouvier, 1899a: 77.

Description and diagnosis: Bouvier, 1899a: 77, Malta, 1981: 31.

References: Bouvier, 1899a: 77, figs. 19-22; 1899b: 40; Wilson, 1902: 735; Thiele, 1904: 10, figs. 8-12; Ihering, in Thiele, 1904: 10 (as ^ Gyropeltis koseritzi); Cunnington, 1931: 260, pl. 14, figs. 1-4; Stekhoven, 1937: 22; Carvalho, 1939: 109; Ringuelet, 1942: 9, pl. 1 (as D. discoidalis); 1943: 85, pl. 8, fig. 4, pl. 12, figs. 2-4, pl. 13, fig. 7 (as D. discoidalis); 1948: 291; Yamaguti, 1963: 331, pl. 330, fig. 2a-c (as D. discoidalis); Weibezahn & Cobo, 1964: 124, pls. 5-6; Malta, 1981: 31, pl. 4, figs. 7-8; Malta & Varella, 1983: 299; Lemos de Castro, 1985: 9; Thatcher, 1991: 494.

^ Geographic distribution: Venezuela, French Guiana, Brazil (AM, RS), Paraguay, and Argentina.

Comments: Parasite of Hoplias malabaricus, Leporinus fasciatus, Leporinus sp., Schizodon fasciatum, and Symbranchus marmoratus.

Family Dipteropeltidae Yamaguti, 1963

Genus Dipteropeltis Calman, 1912

Dipteropeltis hirundo Calman, 1912

Synonymy: Moreira, 1915: 210.

Description and diagnosis: Calman, 1912a: 34; Ringuelet, 1943: 89.

References: Calman, 1912a: 34; 1912b: 763, pl. 84, figs. 1-2. Moreira, 1912: 146, pl. 3, figs. 4-6 (as Talaus riberoi); 1913: 9, pl. 3, figs. 1-3, pl. 4 (as T. riberoi); Melo Leitão, 1914: 11 (as Moreiriella); Moreira, 1915: 210, figs. 1-2; Carvalho, 1941: 265, pl. 19, figs. 1-2, pl. 20, figs. 3-12; Ringuelet, 1943: 89, pl. 13, figs. 1-5; 1948: 292, pl. 4, figs. 1-5; Yamaguti, 1963: 333, pl. 333, fig. 1; 334, pl. 333, fig. 2 (as T. ribeiroi); Malta, 1981: 1; 1984: 78; Lemos de Castro, 1985: 9; Thatcher, 1991: 494, pl. 9, fig. 27.

^ Geographic distribution: Venezuela, Brazil (AM, MT, SP), and Argentina.

Comments: Parasite of Acestrorhynchus sp., Brycon melanopterus, Pygocentrus piraya, Salminus maxilosus, Serrasalmus spilopleura, Tetragonopterus aureus, and T. rutilus.

References

Bouvier, M.E.L. 1897. Observations sur les "Argulides" du genre Gyropeltis recueillis par M. Geay au Vénézuela. Bulletin du Muséum d`Histoire Naturelle 3(1): 13-19.

Bouvier, M.E.L. 1899a. Les crustacés parasites du genre Dolops Audouin. Bulletin de la Societé Philomatique de Paris (sèrie 8) 10(2  3): 53 81; (sèrie 9) 1(1): 12-40. (same publication)

Bouvier, M.E.L. 1899b. Sur les "Argulides" du genre Gyropeltis, recueillis récemment par M. Geay dans la Guyane. Bulletin du Muséum d`Histoire Naturelle 5(1): 39-41.

Bouvier, G. 1953. De quelques crustacés parasites des poissons d'eau douce de Suisse et du Brésil. Bulletin de la Société Vaudoise des Sciences Naturelles 65(283): 423-428.

Brehm,V. & Thomsen, R. 1936. Brasilianische "Phyllopoden und Arguliden ". Zoologischer Anzeiger 116:211-218.

Brian, A. 1947. Los Argulideos del Museo Argentino de Ciências Naturales (Crustacea: Branchiura). Annais do Museo Argentino de Ciencias Naturales 42: 353-370.

Calman, W.T. 1912a. Dipteropeltis hirundo. Abstracts of the Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London: 34.

Calman, W.T. 1912b. On Dipteropeltis, a new genus of the crustacean order Branchiura. Proceedings of the Zoology Society of London 3: 763-767.

Carvalho, J.P. 1939. Sobre dois parasitos do gênero Dolops encontrados em peixes de água doce. Revista de Industria Animal 2(4): 109-116.

Carvalho, J.P. 1941. Sobre Dipteropeltis hirundo Calman, crustáceo (Branchiura) parasito de peixes d'água doce. Boletim da Faculdade de Filosofia, Ciências e Letras, Universidade de São Paulo 22(5): 265-275.

Cornalia, E. 1860. Sopra una nuova specie de Crostacei sifonostomi Gyropeltis doradis. Memorie dell`Instituto Lombardo di Scienze e Lettere 8: 161.

Cunnington, W.A. 1931. Reports of an Expedition to Brazil and Paraguay in 1926-27. Journal of the Linnean Society, Zoology 37(252): 259-264.

Heller, C. 1857. Beitrage zur Kenntniss der Siphonostomen. Sitzungsberichte der Kaiserlich Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wien 25(1): 89-113.

Kroyer, H. 1863. Bidrag till kunskab om Snyltekrebsene. Naturhistorisk Tidsskrift 3(2): 75-426.

Lahille, F. 1926. Nota sobre unos parásitos de los bagres dorados y sorubíes. Revista del Centro de Estudiantes de Agronomia Veterinária 127: 6-16.

Lemos de Castro, A. 1949. Contribuição ao conhecimento dos crustáceos argulídeos do Brasil (Branchiura: Argulidae), com descrição de uma nova espécie. Boletim do Museu Nacional 93: 1-8.

Lemos de Castro, A. 1950. Contribuição ao conhecimento dos crustáceos argulídeos do Brasil. Descrição de duas novas espécies. Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências 22(2): 245-252.

Lemos de Castro, A. 1951. Descrição do alótipo macho de Argulus multicolor Stekhoven, 1937 (Branchiura: Argulidae). Arquivos do Museu Nacional 42: 159-160.

Lemos de Castro, A. 1985. Branchiura (30): 1-23. Manual de Identificação de Invertebrados Límnicos, Ministério de Ciência e Tecnologia, Brasília.

Malta, J.C.O. 1981. Os crustáceos Branchiura e suas interrelações com os peixes do lago Janauacá, AM-Brasil (Crustacea: Argulidae). M. Sc. Thesis, Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas da Amazônia - Universidade do Amazonas, Manaus, 88pp.

Malta, J.C.O. 1982a. Os argulídeos (Crustacea: Argulidae) da Amazônia brasileira. Aspectos da ecologia de Dolops discoidalis Bouvier, 1899 e D. bidentata Bouvier, 1899. Acta Amazonica 12(3): 521-528.

Malta, J.C.O. 1982b. Os argulídeos (Crustacea: Argulidae) da Amazônia brasileira, 2. Aspectos da ecologia de Dolops geayi Bouvier, 1899 e Argulus juparanaensis Lemos de Castro, 1950. Acta Amazonica 12(4): 701-705.

Malta, J.C.O. 1983. Os argulídeos (Crustacea: Argulidae) da Amazônia brasileira. Aspectos da ecologia de Argulus multicolor Stekhoven, 1937 e A. pestifer Ringuelet, 1948. Acta Amazonica 13(2): 489-496.

Malta, J.C.O. 1984. Notas sobre Dipteropeltis hirundo (Branchiura: Argulidae). Abstracts, XI Congresso Brasileiro de Zoologia, Belém: 78.

Malta, J.C.O. & Varella, A. 1983. Os argulídeos (Crustacea: Argulidae) da Amazônia brasileira. Aspectos da ecologia de Dolops striata Bouvier, 1899 e D. carvalhoi Lemos de Castro, 1949. Acta Amazonica 13(2): 299-306.

Malta, J.C.O. & Silva, E.N.S. 1986. Argulus amazonicus n. sp., crustáceo parasito de peixes da Amazônia brasileira (Crustacea: Argulidae). Amazoniana 9(4): 485-492.

Meehean, O.L. 1940. A review of the parasitic Crustacea of the genus Argulus in the collections of the United States National Museum. Proceedings of the United States National Museum 88(3087): 459-522.

Melo-Leitão, C.F. 1914. Moreiriella. Lavoura 17: 11-12.

Moreira, C. 1912. Crustacés du Brésil. Memoires de la Société Zoologique de France 25: 145-153.

Moreira, C. 1913. Crustaceos. Commissão de Linhas Telegraphicas Estrategicas de Matto-Grosso ao Amazonas. Historia Natural, Zoologia 5: 1-21.

Moreira, C. 1915. Les antennes de Dipteropeltis hirundo Calman (Talaus riberoi Moreira). Bulletin de la Société Entomologique de France 7: 210-212.

Ringuelet, R. 1940. La Estación Hidrológica de Rosario. Notas de Museo de La Plata, Zoologia 5(34): 95-109.

Ringuelet, R. 1942. Sobre dos especies de argulidos (Crustacea. Branchiura) en las colecciones del Museo de Entre Rios. Memorias del Museo de Entre Rios 16: 1-14.

Ringuelet, R. 1943. Revision de los Argúlidos Argentinos (Crustacea. Branchiura) com el catálogo de las especies neotropicales. Revista del Museo de La Plata 3(19): 43-100.

Ringuelet, R. 1948. Argúlidos del Museo de La Plata. Revista del Museo de La Plata 5(33): 1-296.

Stekhoven, J.H.S. 1937. Resultats Scientifiques des Croissières du Navire-École Belge "Mercator": Crustacea parasitica. Mémoires du Museé Royal d`Histoire Naturelle de Belgique 1(9): 1-24.

Silva, N.M.M. 1978. Uma nova espécie de crustáceo argulideo no Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil (Branchiura: Argulidae). Iheringia, Série Zoologia 52: 3-29.

Silva, N.M.M. 1980. Argulus spinulosus sp. n. (Branchiura: Argulidae), em peixes de água doce do Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil. Iheringia, Série Zoologia 56: 15-23.

Thatcher, V.E. 1991. Amazon Fish Parasites. Amazoniana 11(3/4): 263-572.

Thiele, J. 1904. Beitrage zur Morphologie der Arguliden. Mitteilungen aus dem Zoologischen Museum in Berlin 2(4):1-51.

Thomsen, R. 1942. Notas criticas acerca de dos argúlidos (Branchiura) del Brasil. Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências 14(1): 37-45.

Thorell, M.T. 1865. Om tvenne Europeiske Argulider; jemte anmarkningar om Argulidernas morfologi och systematiska stallnig, samt en ofversigt af de for narvarende Kanda af denna familij. Öfversigt af Königlich Vetenskapsakademiens Förhandlingar 21(1): 7-72.

Weibezahn, F.H. & Cobo, T. 1964. Seis argulidos (Crustacea: Branchiura) parasitos de peces dulceacuicolas en Venezuela, con descripcion de una nueva especie del genero Argulus. Acta Biologica Venezuelica 4(2): 119-144.

Wilson, C.B. 1902. North American parasitic copepods of the family "Argulidae" with a bibliography of the group and a systematic review of all known species. Proceedings of the United States National Museum 25: 635-742.

Wilson, C.B. 1924. New North American parasitic copepods, new host, and notes on copepod nomenclature. Proceedings of the United States National Museum 65(17): 1-22.

Wilson, C.B. 1944. Parasitic copepods in the United States National Museum. Proceedings of the United States National Museum 94(3177): 529-582.

Yamaguti, S. 1963. Parasitic Copepoda and Branchiura of Fishes. John Wiley, New York, 1104p.


 MALTA, J.C., 1998. Maxillopoda. Branchyura. In: YOUNG, P.S. (ed.). Catalogue of Crustacea of Brazil. Rio de Janeiro: Museu Nacional. p. 67-74. (Série Livros n. 6).




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