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B. E. Chemical Engineering


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References:


  1. Liptak, B.G. 'Instrument Engineer's Handbook, Volume I: Process Measurement and Analysis', 4th ed, CRC Press, 2005

  2. Liptak, B.G. 'Instrument Engineer's Handbook, Volume II: Process Control and Optimization', 4th ed, CRC Press, 2005

CH1104: Process Equipment Design II

Prerequisites:


Fundamental knowledge of engineering mechanics, unit operations and chemical reaction engineering.

Objectives:


To introduce the students to design of various types of equipments like heat exchangers, plate and packed towers, filtrations equipments and auxiliary equipments etc

Contents:

Unit 1: Agitators and Reaction vessels ( 7 Hrs )


Agitators: Study of various types of agitators, their selection, applications, baffling, power systems which include twisting moment, equivalent bending moment, design of blades.

Reaction vessels- Introduction, classification, heating systems, design of vessels, study and design of various types of jackets like plain, half coil, channel, and limpet oil. Study and design of internal coil reaction vessels, Heat transfer coefficients in coils

Unit 2: Dryers (7 Hrs)


Drying rate, solvents drying, spray drying, fluidized bed drying

Unit 3: Design of Plate Column (7 Hrs)


Design of distillation column-Design variables in distillation, design methods for binary systems, plate efficiency, approximate column sizing, plate contactors, plate hydraulic design.

Unit 4: Design of Packed Column (7 Hrs)


Packed columns-Choices of plates or packing, packed column design procedure, packed bed height (Distillation and absorption), HTU, Cornell’s method, onda’s method, column diameter, column internals, wetting rates, column auxiliaries

Unit 5: Auxiliary process vessels (7 Hrs)


Auxiliary process vessels: Study of auxiliary process vessels such as reflux drum, knockout drum, liquid-liquid and gas-liquid separators, entrainment separators, oil water separator, Decanter, gravity separator. Safety devices used in process industries, Introduction to design and engineering software.

Unit 6: Piping Design (7 Hrs)


Pipe thickness, pipe diameter, condensate piping, steam piping, pipe support. Design of piping for natural gas, crude oil, sea water pipe line. Pipe line design on fluid dynamic parameter.

Outcomes:


On completion of the module students should be able to:

  1. Design individual pieces of equipments

  2. Implement the process equipment design methodologies learnt in their project work

Textbooks:


  1. Joshi, M.V., ‘Process Equipment Design’, Macmillan India.

  2. Treybal, R.E., ‘Mass Transfer Operations’, 3rd edition, McGraw Hill, 1980.

  3. Reference Books

  4. Coulson, J. M.; Richardson, J. F.; Sinnott, R. K., ‘Chemical Engineering Vol. 6 -. Design’, Pergamon Press, 1983.

  5. Brownell, L. E.; Young E. H., ‘Process Equipment Design - Vessel Design’, John Wiley and Sons, Inc., 1959.

  6. Walas, S. M., ‘Chemical process equipment : selection and design’ Butterworth-Heinemann, 1990.

  7. Indian standards Institution, ‘code for unfired pressure vessels’, IS – 2825.

  8. Ludwig, E.E., ‘Applied Process Design for Chemical and Petrochemical Plants, Vol. 1 and 2’, 3rd Ed., Gulf Publishing Co., 1997.

  9. Coulson, J. M.; Richardson, J. F., ‘Chemical Engineering – Vol. II’, 6th edition, Butherworth-Heinemann, 1999.

  10. Bhattacharya, B.C., ‘Introduction to chemical equipment design’, CBS Publications, 1985.

CH6034: Process Dynamics and Control

Prerequisites:


Theory of process dynamics, PID controller etc.

Objectives:


  1. Carry out experiments to understand:

    1. process dynamics

    2. P, I and D modes of PID controller

    3. PID controller tuning

  2. Carry out design of feedback control systems using Matlab

  3. Simulate control systems on a Chemical Engineering Dynamic Simulator package such as Aspen Dynamics

List of Practicals:


  1. Process dynamics: first order, second order etc

  2. PID Controlled system:

    1. P, I and D modes

    2. Controller tuning methods

    3. Level control, flow control, pressure control etc

  3. Feedback control system design using Matlab:

    1. Plotting root locus, Bode plot, nyquist plot

    2. Control system design using the above

  4. Dynamic simulation on a chemical engineering simulator such as Aspen Dynamics of Chemical Engineering Systems such as:

    1. Tank level control

    2. Distillation column control

Outcomes:


At the end of the course the student should be able to

  1. tune a PID controlled system

  2. design a feedback control system on Matlab

  3. simulate control system dynamics using a Chemical Engieering Dynamic Simulator




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