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B. E. Chemical Engineering


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Unit 5 : Green Chemistry & Nonconventional Fuels ( 7 Hrs )


Green chemistry in batteries, production and recycling, Fuel cell and electric vehicles, Solar energy and hydrogen production, biodiesel, bio-hydrogen

Unit 6 : Green Chemistry & Sustainable development ( 7 Hrs )


Esterification: transesterification, autogeneous pressure of methanol, transesterification under supercritical conditions

Optimisation: catalyst concentration, methanol to oil ratio, reaction temperature, reaction time

Best practices in Green Chemistry for sustainable development with suitable examples

Outcomes:


Students should be able to apply the concepts of Green Chemistry during their project work.

Text Books


  1. Paul T. Anastaj ; “Green Chemistry – Theory and Practice”

  2. Albert S. Matlack ; “Introduction to Green Chemistry”

Reference Books


  1. Anastas, P.; Warner, J. Green Chemistry: Theory and Practice; Oxford University Press: London, 1998.

  2. Zimmerman, J.B.; Anastas, P.T. “The 12 Principles of Green Engineering as a Foundation for Sustainability” in Sustainability Science and Engineering: Principles. Ed. Martin Abraham, Elsevier Science. available 2005.

  3. Anastas, P.; Zimmerman, J. “Design through the Twelve Principles of Green Engineering,” Environmental Science and Technology, 37, 94A – 101A, 2003.

CH3114: Nanotechnology

Prerequisites:


Quantum Electronics,, Material Science , Physics etc

Objectives:


This course will introduce students to the rapidly developing field of nanoengineered materials with special focus on their electronic properties. Fundamental aspects of the electronic properties of these materials, as well as fabrication processes and applications will be discussed in this course.

Unit 1 : Introduction (7 Hrs )


Introduction to nanotechnology and materials,Nanomaterials, How It All Began: Synthesis of carbon buckyballs ,List of stable carbon allotropes extended,fullerenes, metallofullerenes, solid C60, bucky onions, nanotubes, nanocones

Unit 2 : Quantum Mechanics : (7 Hrs )


Review of classical mechanics, de Broglie's hypothesis ,Heisenberg uncertainty principle Pauli exclusion principle Schrödinger's equation Properties of the wave function,Application: quantum well, wire, dot ,Quantum cryptography

Unit 3 Solid State Physics and Nanodevices: ( 7 Hrs )


Structure and bonding ,Application: carbon nanotube ,Electronic band structure Electron statistics ,Application: Optical transitions in solids ,Simiconductor quantum dots,photonic crystals,Metamaterials

Unit 4 : Nanomaterials: Fabrication , MEMS and NEMS nanotubes synthesis ( 7 Hrs )


Bottom-up vs. top-down , Epitaxial growth ,Self-assembly ,Modelling and Applications Production Techniques of Nanotubes Carbon arc bulk synthesis in presence and absence of catalysts High-purity material (bucky paper) production using Pulsed Laser Vaporization (PLV) of pure and doped graphite High-pressure CO conversion (HIPCO) nanotube synthesis based on Boudoir reaction Chemical Vapor Deposition (CVD)

Unit 5 : Nanomaterials: ( 7 Hrs )


Characterization and commercial processes of synthesis of nanomaterials Nanoclay, Nanoinroganic materials, Nanocarbontubes CNT, Applications of nanomaterials in water streatment, polymers, catalysis etc Structural ,XRD, TEM, SEM, STM, AFM , Chemical ,Optical Transport

Unit 6 : Electronic Nanodevices ( 7 Hrs )


Background ,Quantization of resistance ,Single-electron transistors ,Esaki and resonant tunneling diodes ,Magnetic Nanodevices Magnetoresistance Spintronics Societal, Health and Environmental Impacts

Outcomes:


When a student completes this course, s/he should understand nanotechnology by being able to:

  1. Recognize state of the art developments in the field of nanotechnology

  2. Be knowledgeable in common themes across nanotechnology

  3. Be able to distinguish various individual nanotech implementations.

  4. Understand the basic concepts of quantum mechanics and be able to solve the quantum confinement equations which lead to reduced dimensionality.

  5. Be knowledgeable in the various modern technologies used in nanotechnology to grow bulk crystals, thin films, and nanoscale quantum structures, including the epitaxy semiconductors.

Textbooks :


  1. Wolf, E.L. ‘Nanophysics and Nanotechnology: An Introduction to Modern Concepts in Nanoscience’, 2nd ed., Wiley-VCH, 2006.

  2. Additional course materials provided in class.

References :


  1. Davies, J.H. ‘The Physics of Low Dimensional Semiconductors: An Introduction’, Cambridge University Press, 1998.

CH3124: Nonconventional Energy Sources

Prerequisites:


General background of chemical engineering including Chemical Engineering Thermodynamics, Heat Transfer Operation, Material and Energy Balances.

Objectives:


  1. Provide an overview of the promising areas of new and renewable sources of energy.

  2. Give an understanding of environmental consequences of energy conversion and how renewable energy can reduce air pollution and positively affect the global climate change.

  3. Provide analysis of energy conversion, utilization and storage for renewable technologies such as wind, solar, biomass, fuel cells and hybrid systems and for more conventional fossil fuel-based technologies.

Unit 1: Introduction (07 Hrs)


Energy scene of supply and demand in India and the world, energy consumption in various sectors, potential of non-conventional energy resources. Detailed study of the following sources with particular reference to India.

Unit 2: Solar Energy (07 Hrs)


Solar radiation and its measurement, limitations in the applications of Solar Energy, Solar collectors – types, and constructional details. Solar water heating, applications of Solar Energy for heating, drying, space cooling, water desalination, solar concentrators, photovoltaic power generation using silicon cells.

Unit 3: Bio-Fuels (07 Hrs)


Importance, combustion, pyrolysis and other thermo chemical processes for biomass utilization. Alcoholic fermentation, anaerobic digestion for biogas production.

Unit 4: Wind Power and Tidal Power (07 Hrs)


Wind Power: Principle of energy from wind, windmill construction and operational details and electricity generation and mechanical power production.

Tidal Power: Its meaning, causes of tides and their energy potential, enhancement of tides, power generation from tides and problems. Principles of ocean thermal energy conversion (OTEC) analysis and sizing of heat exchangers for OTEC.

Unit 5: Geothermal Energy (07 Hrs)


Geo technical wells and other resources dry rock and hot aquifer analysis, harnessing geothermal energy resources

Unit 6: Energy Storage and Distribution (07 Hrs)


Importance, biochemical, chemical, thermal, electric storage. Fuel cells, distribution of energy.

Outcomes: At the end of the course


  1. Students should have a qualitative knowledge of the main sources of renewable energy.

  2. Students should have a quantitative understanding of the energy generating potential of renewable energy sources and should be able to perform analyses of energy conversion from these sources, and determine analytically the power requirements, power output, and efficiency of renewable energy driven power cycles.

  3. Students should be aware of the framework within which renewable energy is studied, including the economic, socio-economic, political, historical, and environmental contexts that are relevant.

  4. Student should be able to identify and locate relevant information sources on renewable energy and assess the quality of the information and the information source.

Text Books:


  1. Rai,G.D. ‘Non-conventional Energy Sources’, Khanna Publishers, Delhi.

  2. Sukhatme, S. P.‘Solar Energy’ 2nd ed., Tata McGraw-Hill, 1996.

  3. G D Rai, ‘Solar energy utilization’, Khanna Publishers, 2000.

Reference Books:


  1. Twiddle, J. Weir, T. ‘Renewable Energy Resources,’ Cambridge University Press, 1986.

  2. Kreith, F. and Kreider, J. F., ‘Principles of Solar Engineering’, McGraw Hill, 1978.

  3. Duffie, J. A., Beckman, W. A., ‘Solar Engineering of Thermal Processes’, John Wiley, 1980.

  4. Veziroglu, N., ‘Alternative Energy Sources’, Volume 5 & 6, McGraw-Hill, 1978.

  5. Sarkar, S., ‘Fuels and Combustion’, 2nd ed., Orient Longman, 1989.

  6. Diwakar Rao P. L., ‘Energy Conservation Handbook’, Utility Publication Ltd., Jan 1988.

  7. Douglas C, ‘Energy Technology Handbook’, McGraw-Hill.

  8. Kern D. C. , ‘Process Heat Transfer’, McGraw-Hill.

  9. ‘Renewable energy – power for sustainable future’ Edited by Godfrey Boyle, Oxford University Press in association with the Open University, 1996.

CH3134: Petroleum Refining

Prerequisites:


Basic knowledge of Chemistry

Objectives:


Understanding of chemical processes used in petroleum refining and applications.

Contents:

Unit 1 : Petroleum and Products ( 7 Hrs )


Petroleum composition, specifications of petroleum and some petroleum products such as LPG, Gasoline, Kerosene, Diesel oil and Engine oil.

Unit 2 : Pre-refining Operations ( 7 Hrs )


Pre- refining operations such as, Settling, Moisture removal, Storage, Heating through exchangers and pipe seal heaters, Atmospheric distillation, Vacuum distillation.

Unit 3 : Reforming and Cracking Units ( 7 Hrs )


Significant conversion units such as, Reforming, Cat-Cracking, Hydro-cracking and coking.

Unit 4 : Product Refining ( 7 Hrs )


Refining of petroleum products such as Acid refining, Chemical refining, Hydro-refining, HDS, HDM, HAD.

Unit 5 : Post Production Operations ( 7 Hrs )


Blending, Additives, Storage of products, Transportation, Safety norms, House keeping, Marketing of petroleum and petroleum products.

Unit 6 : Recent Trends ( 7 Hrs )


Recent trends in petroleum in terms of Distillation, Packing materials, Catalyst , etc.

Outcomes:


Knowledge of chemical processes and unit operations required in petroleum refining

Textbooks:


  1. Gary J H, Handwerk G E, ‘Petroleum refining’

  2. Nelson ‘Handbook of Petroleum Refining’

References:


  1. Speight J G, ‘The Chemistry and technology of petroleum’

  2. Myers, ‘Handbook of Petroleum Processing’

CH3144: Piping Engineering

Prerequisites:


Basic understanding of different engineering flow diagrams, materials selection, pipe fittings, pumps & compressors, drawing basics, Different types of stresses, bending moments, etc in cylindrical component

Objectives:


Objective of this course is to enable students to understand the basic theory of piping engineering, to carry out stress analysis in critical lines, layout piping system, and to expose them to the state of the art facilities available for carrying out piping layout and stress analysis on various software packages available.

Unit 1: Introduction, codes, fittings, supports, pipe racks (7 Hrs)


Introduction to various engineering flow diagrams, reading piping & instrumentation diagram, bill of material, piping code, standards and specifications, materials for piping system their selection for various operating conditions, supports for piping system, pipe fittings, pipe racks, pipe tracks and layout.

Unit 2: Valves, ASME codes, Stress analysis (7 Hrs)


Flanges and gaskets, different types of valves, ASME codes for process and power piping in detail, introduction to different types of stresses, internal and external pressure, Flexibility and fatigue, vibration, fluid transient, Wind design and explosions, Seismic design and retrofit.

Unit 3: Welding, Fitness, Degradation etc; Pumps, Compressors (7 Hrs)


Welding and examination, Leak, pressure tests and Fitness for service, Maintenance; reliability; and failure + repair analysis, Degradation in service, Pumps and compressors – Design, assembly and layouts, Relief and safety valves

Unit 4: Drawing basics, Statutory regulations, Layout (7 Hrs)


Drawings basics, the design logic, (all about design data, codes and practices), statutory regulations, plot plan and plant layout, Equipment layout and piping layouts.

Unit 5: Piping isometrics, Subsea piping, Plastic piping (7 Hrs)


Good layout practice, Isometrics and material takeoff, ASME Code and limitations, Buried Piping, Subsea Piping, Plastic Piping.

Unit 6: Softwares for Piping engineering (7 Hrs)


Introduction to various software packages used in piping system design & layout, solving various examples using different software.

Outcomes:


After studying this subject students will be able to do piping system layout, stress analysis.

S/he will become expert enough to enter the field of piping engineering after graduation.

Text Books


  1. Ed Bausbacher and Roger Hunt, ‘Process Plant Layout and Piping Design’, 1st Edition, Prentice Hall, 1993

  2. Robert A. Rhea, Roy A Parisher, “Pipe Drafting and Design”, 2nd Edition, Gulf Professional Publishing

Reference Books


  1. R. Turton, R. C. Bailie, W. B. Whiting, and J. A. Shaeiwitz, “Analysis, Synthesis,and Design of Chemical Processes”, Prentice Hall, 1998.

  2. John J. Mcketta, by Marcel Dekker, “Piping Design Handbook” Inc, New York.

  3. Mohinder Nayyar, “Piping Handbook”, 7th edition, McGraw- Hill, 2000.



CH3154: Polymer Technology

Prerequisites:


Organic Chemistry, Chemical Reaction Kinetics, Chemical Reactor Design.

Objectives:


To acquire fundamental chemical and physical understanding of the synthesis, production and characterization of polymer materials To appreciate the breadth of polymer properties and applications, and to learn in depth about use of polymers in a particular application area.

Unit 1 : Introduction to polymers ( 7 Hrs )


Introduction and Classification of Polymers. Thermosets, Thermoplastics, Linear Branch, Cross Linked Polymers. Factors influencing the polymer properties. Monomers used for polymer synthesis, synthesis procedure for monomers Styrene, ethylene, Vinyl monomers etc

Unit 2 : Polymerization Processes and Techniques (7 Hrs )


Addition & Condensation polymers, Polymerization Techniques, Bulk Solution Suspension, Emulsion, Interfacial Polymerization with their merits & Demerits. Smith Ewart Kinetics for emulsion polymerization

Unit 3 Molecular Weightt and Determination ( 7 Hrs )


Molecular Weights, Mn, Mw, Mv, Polydispersity Index. Different Methods of determination of Molecular weight. Effect of Molecular weight on Engg. Properties of Polymers, Numerical based on theory.

Unit 4 : Kinetics and Mechanism of Polymers Synthesis ( 7 Hrs )


Kinetics of free radical polyumerization (initiation propagation & termination.) Chain transfer agents. Kinetic of Step growth polymerization. Copolymers & its Kinetics Coordination Polymerization. Zigler Natta polymerization Processes

Unit 5 :Polymerization reactors ( 7 Hrs )


Polymerization reactors, types and mode of operation. Polymerization reactor design, control of polymerization, Post polymerization unit operations and unit processes High Performance and Specialty Polymers,Polymer additives, compounding. Fillers plastisizers lubricants colourants UV stabilizers, fire retardants, antioxidants. Different moulding methods of polymers

Unit 6 : Polymers and commercial synthesis procedures ( 7 Hrs )


Mechanical Properties of Polymers, Thermodynamics of Polymer Mixtures, ASTM and ISO methods for testing of polymers Manufacturing of typical polymers with flow-sheet diagrams, their properties & applications : PE, PP, PS, Polyesters, Nylons, ABS,PC Thermosets like Epoxies, unsaturated polyesters, phenolics, etc.

Outcomes:


Students should be able to

  1. choose appropriate polymerization reactor and reaction system for polymer product.

  2. do the characterization of polymers.

  3. carry out the selection of processing equipment for required processing

Text books:


  1. Odian George., ‘Principals of Polymerization’ Wiley-Interscience, 4th Edition, 2004

  2. Billmer F.W, John Wiley & Sons, ‘Text Book of Polymer Science’.

  3. Gowarikar et al, ‘Polymer Science’,

  4. F. Rodrigues,‘Text Book of Polymer Science’.

References:


  1. Fried J.R.,‘Polymer Science & Technology’, PHI 2nd edition 2003.

  2. Blow C.M., Hepbun C.,‘Rubber Technology & Manufacturing’.

  3. D.C. Blackly,‘Synthetic Rubbers Chemistry & Technology’.

  4. Brydson, ‘Plastics’.




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